Hesse-Homburg

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Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg
Landgrafschaft Hessen-Homburg
Wappen Darmstadt.svg
1622–1866
 

Flag Coat of arms
Map of Hesse-Homburg (in red) and Middle Rhine
Capital Bad Homburg
Languages German
Government Principality
Landgrave
 -  1622-1638 Frederick I
 -  1848-1866 Ferdinand
History
 -  Established 1622
 -  Ceded by Darmstadt 1668
 -  Ceded to Darmstadt 1806
 -  Re-established 1815
 -  Grand Duchy of Hesse¹ 1866
¹ Meisenheim ceded to the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau.

Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; it was to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668.

It was briefly divided into Hesse-Homburg and Hesse-Homburg-Bingenheim; but these parts were reunited in 1681.

In 1806, Hesse-Homburg was incorporated with Hesse-Darmstadt; but in 1815, by the Congress of Vienna, the latter state was compelled to recognize the independence of Hesse-Homburg, which was increased by the addition of Meisenheim.

The landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg consisted of two parts, the district of Homburg on the right side of the Rhine, and the district of Meisenheim, added in 1815, on the left side of the same river.

In 1866, Hesse-Homburg was inherited by the grand-duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, while Meisenheim fell to Prussia. Later that same year, these territories were taken from Hesse-Darmstadt again, and the former landgraviate was combined with the Electorate of Hesse-Kassel, duchy of Nassau, and the free city of Frankfurt to form the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau.

Today, it forms a part of the German state of Hesse.

See also[edit]