Hessian Powder Magazine

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Hessian Powder Magazine
Hessian Powder Magazine, June 2011
Hessian Powder Magazine is located in Pennsylvania
Hessian Powder Magazine
Location Guardhouse and Garrison Lanes, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°11′52″N 77°10′42″W / 40.19778°N 77.17833°W / 40.19778; -77.17833Coordinates: 40°11′52″N 77°10′42″W / 40.19778°N 77.17833°W / 40.19778; -77.17833
Area 0.2 acres (0.081 ha)
Built 1757
Built by Hessian Prisoners of War
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 74001778[1]
Added to NRHP May 17, 1974

Hessian Powder Magazine, also known as the Hessian Guardhouse Museum, is a historic guardhouse and gunpowder magazine located on the grounds of Carlisle Barracks at Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. It was built in 1777, and is a stone walled structure, lined with interior brick. It measures 70 feet by 32 feet and the walls are 4 1/2-feet thick. It has a vaulted stone roof, covered by timbers and tin to take a gable form. Tradition says that some Hessian Prisoners of war, captured at Trenton were sent to Carlisle. They were used to build this guard house, originally a magazine. It was probably first used as a guardhouse in the 1870s and when included as part of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879–1918). Afterwards, it was used as a quartermaster and medical supply storehouse, filmstrip laboratory, message center, and U.S. post office. It was designated a museum in 1948.[2]

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes Capt. Phillip D. Goodwin (June 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Hessian Powder Magazine" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-21. 

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