Heswall

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Heswall
Telegraph Road, Heswall - geograph.org.uk - 645655.jpg
Telegraph Road
Heswall is located in Merseyside
Heswall
Heswall
 Heswall shown within Merseyside
Population 7,750 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ269818
Metropolitan borough Wirral
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIRRAL
Postcode district CH60
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wirral South
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°19′41″N 3°05′56″W / 53.328°N 3.099°W / 53.328; -3.099

Heswall is a town in Wirral, in the county of Merseyside, England. Administratively, it is a ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. At the time of the 2001 Census, the total population of the ward was 16,012 (male: 7,474; female: 8,538),[2] which included the nearby villages of Barnston and Gayton. The population of the town of Heswall itself was 7,750.[1]

Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974 it was part of the county of Cheshire.

Geography[edit]

Located on the eastern side of the Dee Estuary, with views across the river to North Wales, Heswall is about 20 minutes' drive from the Roman city of Chester and about 20 minutes' drive from Liverpool. The towers of Liverpool's cathedrals can be seen on the horizon from high ground.

History[edit]

Prior to the Norman conquest, the Heswall has been cited as a possible location for Dingesmere, mentioned with regard to the Battle of Brunanburh, in Egil's Saga.[citation needed] Heswall was recorded in the Domesday Book as Eswelle and owned by Robert de Rodelent, who also owned much of the land on the eastern side of the River Dee. In 1277, it became the property of Patrick de Haselwall, who was Sheriff of Cheshire.

In 1801, the population was recorded as 168. By the census in 1841, it had only grown to 398. Prior to 1897 it was known as Hestlewelle or Hesselwelle. Its growth was started by wealthy merchants from Liverpool who had originally chosen it as a retreat but the arrival of two railway connections allowed them to commute. One line is the Borderlands Line from Wrexham Central to Bidston which opened in 1896. This line is still active and has Heswall railway station on the eastern edge of the town. The station was formerly called Heswall Hills to distinguish it from the older, now demolished, Heswall Station . The old station was in Station Road in the Lower Village on another line from West Kirby to Hooton. This opened in 1886 but the line closed to passengers in 1956. The track of the old railway became a footpath, the Wirral Way.

The Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital originally opened in Heswall as Liverpool Country Hospital for Children in 1909.[3] It stood on the opposite side of Telegraph Road from the 'Puddydale', it had a tall square clock tower and extensive grounds with views over the Dee estuary. The hospital closed in 1985[3] and the site is now occupied by a Tesco supermarket. The supermarket was extended in the early 2000s, then refurbished during 2011.

In 2001 Heswall was listed as being the 7th richest neighbourhood in the UK, with an average household income of £46 600[4]

Heswall F.C. competes in the West Cheshire Association Football League.

Open spaces[edit]

Heswall Dales, looking over the Dee to Wales

There are several areas of open space. The largest is the Dales, an area of dry, sandy heathland overlooking the River Dee. It has the status of both Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and Local Nature Reserve (LNR). Within this SSSI lies 'the Dungeon', a small river valley cut into the hillside. A path connects the Dales to the Wirral Way and the coast. Other open areas also overlooking the Dee are the Beacons, and Poll Hill, which is the highest point on the Wirral Peninsula.

The large grass area near the centre of town is known as the 'Puddydale'. In former years, Heswall County Primary School was situated on the eastern edge of the field, but has since been demolished. The school was rebuilt on the corner of Whitfield lane and Downham Road North where it is still in use.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Station Operator Route Days of operation
Heswall Arriva Trains Wales Borderlands Line (Bidston-Wrexham Central) Monday-Sunday

Bus[edit]

Heswall has a bus station. Services operating in the Heswall area, as of October 2011:

Number Route Operator Days of operation
22/24 West Kirby-Chester Avon Buses Monday-Saturday
77 Woodside-West Kirby Avon Buses Monday-Saturday
85 Heswall-Mill Park Avon Buses Monday-Saturday
86/87 Eastham Ferry-Leasowe Avon Buses Evenings and Sundays
113 Heswall-New Ferry Avon Buses Monday-Saturday evenings
166/167 Heswall Shore-Heswall A2B Travel Monday-Saturday
171 Heswall-Birkenhead A2B Travel Sunday evenings
172 Heswall-Birkenhead Avon Buses (Mon-Sat) and A2B Travel (Sun) Monday-Saturday mornings and Sunday evening
174 Heswall-Lower Village A2B Travel Monday-Saturday
175 Heswall-Irby Eazibus (M-F) and A2B Travel (Sat) Monday-Saturday
272/273 Hooton/Neston-Arrowe Park Hospital Helms Coaches (Mon-Sat daytime) and Eazibus (evenings and Sundays) Monday-Sunday
471/472 Heswall-Liverpool Arriva & FirstGroup in alternation Monday-Saturday

Notable people[edit]

Births[edit]

Residence connections[edit]

  • Fiona Bruce British journalist, former resident.
  • Chris Eakin British journalist, former resident.
  • In 1964, Paul McCartney bought "Rembrandt"; a detached mock-Tudor house in Baskervyle Road, Heswall, for his father, Jim McCartney, which cost £8,750. Jim later moved to a bungalow nearby, and lived there until his death on 18 March 1976.[6][7]
  • Ringo Starr spent two years in Heswall's Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital when he contracted chronic pleurisy as a child.

Cultural references[edit]

Heswall Flower Club is mentioned in the song This One's For Now by the band Half Man Half Biscuit on their 2014 album Urge For Offal.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wirral 2001 Census: Heswall, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, archived from the original on 29 September 2007, retrieved 16 July 2007 
  2. ^ 2001 Census: Heswall, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 16 July 2007 
  3. ^ a b Children's Hospitals: Liverpool Infirmary for Children, E. Chambré Hardman Archive, retrieved 23 February 2008 
  4. ^ Dodd, Vikram (15 January 2001). "South's rich areas get richer". The Guardian (London). 
  5. ^ Brief Biographical Information, christianfurr.com, archived from the original on 8 June 2007, retrieved 12 August 2007 
  6. ^ Miles 1997 p210.
  7. ^ Photo of Rembrandt, magicalbeatletours.com, retrieved 22 October 2007 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]