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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Superfamily: Apoidea
Family: Heterogynaidae
Genus: Heterogyna
Nagy, 1969

The Heterogynaidae are a small family (only seven described species in a single genus, Heterogyna) of small spheciform, apoid wasps occurring in Madagascar, Botswana, and the eastern Mediterranean area. Heterogynaid females are typically brachypterous, and their biology is completely unknown. They are generally considered the sister taxon to the remainder of the Apoidea.


Goulet, H., Huber, J.T. (1993) Hymenoptera of the World. Agriculture Canada Research Branch, publication 1894/E. 668pp.