||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
|• Mayor||Frederick Brütting|
|• Total||25.81 km2 (9.97 sq mi)|
|Elevation||466 m (1,529 ft)|
|• Density||370/km2 (970/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Heubach is a town in the Ostalbkreis district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located 10 km east of Schwäbisch Gmünd, and 13 km southwest of Aalen. The town finds itself at the edge of the Rems River Valley and at the base of the Swabian Alps. Heubach is located in the Swabian region of Germany. Residents speak the Swabian German dialect. The town is bordered to the north by Böbingen an der Rems and Mögglingen, to the east Essingen, the south by Bartholomä and the west by the city of Schwäbisch Gmünd.
Heubach was first mentioned in 1234 in association with knight Hainricus de Hôbach. Rosenstein Castle which is located on Rosenstein mountain was first mentioned in 1282. At the end of the 13th century, Heubach and Rosenstein came into possession of the Counts of Oettingen, before it fell to the Counts of Württemberg from 1358 onwards. Subsequent to the victory of Emperor Charles IV over Eberhard II, Count of Würtemberg, in 1360 Heubach and Rosenstein fell to the Kingdom of Bohemia. However it was transferred back to Württemberg in 1377. In 1413 Heubach was enfeoffed to the Barons of Woellwarth fiefdom. Georg von Woellwarth left the spur castle on Rosenstein mountain in 1524 and built a castle in Heubach. In 1579 Duke Ludwig von Wuerttemberg purchased Heubach and Rosenstein and chartered Heubach by granting town privileges. The town hall was built in 1581. In the course of the Thirty Years' War between 1618 and 1648, Heubach was nearly wiped out and population fell to around 10 people, but due to efforts of Württemberg's government it was rapidly rebuilt and resettled. On April 25, 1807 Oberamt Heubach was merged with Oberamt Gmünd. With the municipal reform of 1938 Oberamt Gmünd was transformed into Landkreis (district) Schwäbisch Gmünd. In the course of the district reform of 1973, Heubach now belongs to the Ostalbkreis district.
Above the town of Heubach, the remains of Rosenstein Castle are still visible. The castle ruin on top of the Rosenstein mountain can be considered Heubach's landmark and is a popular tourist spot due to its impressive views over the region. On Glasenberg there is a telecommunication tower of reinforced concrete with an observation deck that also gives nice views over the area.
Arts and Culture
Heubach is located on the north edge of the Swabian Alb scenic drive, Schwäbische-Alb-Nordrand-Weg that provides many sights of the German countryside.
Since 1974 there is an undergarment museum that was set up in cooperation with the companies Triumph and Susa-Werke GmbH, which is the only museum of its kind in Germany.
At Heubach's police station there is a "Police Museum", which originated from a private collection of a police officer. There, items from the local police are displayed that date back to 1853. The museum opens by appointment only.
The intimate apparel business Triumph International was started by corsetier Johann Gottfried Spiesshofer and merchant Michael Braun as Spießhofer & Braun in Heubach in 1886. Still family owned, by now the multinational manufacturing and marketing organization operates in 120 countries around the world. It is one of the leading underwear manufacturers in the world and had annual sales of 1.7 billion Euros in 2009, and 37,515 employees. Still being resident in Heubach, meanwhile the company's global headquarters are in Bad Zurzach, Switzerland, where the first foreign subsidiary had been established in 1933.
Closely linked to the history of Heubach is the evolvement of Hirschbrauerei Heubach, the long-established local brewery. Still family owned the brewery's history goes back to the 17th century, first documented proofs go back to 1725.
Heubach is the home of Fritz Reu GmbH & Co. Metallwarenfabrik, maker of metal souvenirs, souvenir spoons, keychains, trinkets, coins, and also automobile medallions and hood ornaments for German car manufacturers.
- Michael Braun (1866–1954), Honorary citizen for his achievements as entrepreneur and co-founder of Spießhofer & Braun, now Triumph International
- Fritz Spießhofer (1886–1968), Honorary citizen for his achievements as entrepreneur
A nickname for the citizens of Heubach is "Mondstupfler". This goes back to an ancient legend which says that long time ago residents of Heubach used to go up to the top of Rosenstein mountain to take down the moon from the sky using long poles.
- Heubach Official website (German)
- Triumph International Official website (English)
- Fritz Reu GmbH & Co. Metallwarenfabrik Official Website (German)
- Heubacher Brewery Official Website