|Municipality of Belgium|
|• Mayor||Bernard Heens|
|• Governing party/ies||CD&V|
|• Total||94.24 km2 (36.39 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2012)|
|• Density||84/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Postal codes||8950-8954, 8956, 8958|
Heuvelland is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the towns of Dranouter, Kemmel, De Klijte, Loker, Nieuwkerke, Westouter, Wijtschate and Wulvergem. Heuvelland is a thinly populated rural municipality, located between the small urban centres of Ieper en Poperinge and the metropolitan area of Kortrijk-Lille along the E17. On 1 January 2006 Heuvelland had a total population of 8,217. The total area is 94.24 km² which gives a population density of 87 inhabitants per km². The word "heuvelland" is Dutch for hilly country, as the municipality is characterized by the different hills on its territory.
The municipality is located in an area known as the West-Flemish Hills. The highest hill in Heuvelland is the Kemmelberg (156 m); followed by the Vidaigneberg (136 m), the Rodeberg (129 m), the Scherpenberg (125 m) and a lower hill in Wijtschate (82 m). On the border with France is the Zwarteberg.
The municipality Heuvelland consists of eight small rural villages. The "deelgemeentes" of Dranouter, Kemmel, Loker, Nieuwkerke, Westouter, Wijtschate and Wulvergem were independent municipalities before the merger in 1977. De Klijte wasn't independent, but was a part of Reningelst (then independent, now part of Poperinge).
Kemmel, Wijtschate, Nieuwkerke and Westouter are the largest centres, with more than 1000 inhabitants each. The town hall and municipal administration are located in Kemmel, as are the police office and post office. The rest home, municipal sports hall and main library are located in Wijtschate. The municipal container park is found in Nieuwkerke. The four other villages are smaller and accommodate less facilities.
Besides the village centres, a number of smaller residential areas are scattered on the territory. On top of the crest of the Rodeberg and Zwarteberg small residential development, mixed with small shops, tourist businesses and restaurants are found. The city centre of Mesen also expands a little on the territory of Wijtschate in Heuvelland.
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- Source: Ruimtelijk structuurplan Heuvelland
Because of its relative extensiveness, the municipality of Heuvelland borders a large number of villages and towns.:
World War I
The area experienced many major battles during World War I, as part of the Ypres Salient area. The front-line ran through the area of Wytschaete, which was captured and held several times by both sides during the course of the war.
Nowadays, trenches can be visited in Croonaert Wood, while there a number of war grave cemeteries in the municipality, including Godezonne Farm, RE Farm, Spanbroekmolen, Suffolk, Klein Vierstraat and Kemmel Number 1 French Cemetery.
- The cartographer and astronomer Petrus Plancius was born in Dranouter in 1552.
- Singer Geike Arnaert of Hooverphonic was born and raised in Westouter.
- Population per municipality on 1 January 2012 (XLS; 214 KB)