Hexham Bridge

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Hexham Bridge
Tyne Bridge, Hexham (east side) - geograph.org.uk - 818721.jpg
Hexham Bridge
Carries road traffic
Crosses River Tyne
Locale Northumberland
Design arch, 9 segmental spans, stone
Construction end 1793[1]
Toll No
Hexham Bridge is located in Northumberland
Hexham Bridge
Red pog.svg Hexham Bridge shown within Northumberland
grid reference NY941646
Coordinates 54°58′37″N 2°05′38″W / 54.977°N 2.094°W / 54.977; -2.094Coordinates: 54°58′37″N 2°05′38″W / 54.977°N 2.094°W / 54.977; -2.094

Hexham Bridge is a road bridge in Northumberland, England linking Hexham with the North Tyne valley. It lies north of the town of Hexham and is the main access to the A69 bypass.

History[edit]

The Tyne was crossed by two ferries called the east and the west boats (Warden Bridge). As a result of persistent agitation a bridge was started in 1767 and completed in 1770. It was built by a Mr. Gait and consisted of seven arches. Less than a year later it was swept away in the great Tyne flood of 1771. In that flood eight bridges shared the fate of Hexham. In 1774 a new attempt was made fifty yards to the west by Mr. Wooler, an engineer who had been working on the new Newcastle bridge. Piles were sunk to carry the piers but work was abandoned on discovering that the "soil beneath the gravel was a quicksand with no more resistance than chaff".[2] This first bridge, Hexham Old Bridge, was about 1 mile (2 km) upstream of the present bridge close by Old Bridge End farm. (grid reference NY929653)

The authorities next approached Smeaton whose name as an engineer was famous. John Errington of Beaufront was given the contract for the sum of £5,700 and work started in 1777. Although the half completed piers were washed away the following year work continued and the new bridge was opened to traffic in 1780 [others[1] give 1781]. However on March 10, 1782 there was a heavy fall of snow, followed by a violent hurricane. The valleys of the north and south Tyne were inundated and the nine arches were completely overturned. They are still visible and act as a sort of weir. Robert Mylne, a famous architect and engineer, was called in to report on the feasibility of rebuilding Smeaton's bridge. He was eventually given the contract to build a fourth bridge and the work was completed in 1793. Today this handsome bridge still stands as a monument to his genius.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hexham Bridge". Bridges on the Tyne. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  2. ^ a b Graham, Frank (1992). Hexham and Corbridge A Short History and Guide. Thropton, Rothbury, Northumberland: Butler Publishing. p. 25. ISBN 0-946928-19-3. 


Next road crossing upstream River Tyne Next road crossing downstream
Constantius Bridge
A69 road
(2 miles (3 km))
 
Hexham Bridge
Grid reference: NY941646
Corbridge Bridge
(3.5 miles (6 km))
Next bridge upstream River Tyne Next bridge downstream
Hexham Old Bridge
(destroyed 1771) 
Hexham Bridge
Grid reference: NY941646
Corbridge Bridge
(3.5 miles (6 km))