Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality

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Aliyev in 1997

Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality became a significant part of Azerbaijani politics and society after he came to power in 1993 and continuing after his death in 2003, when his son Ilham Aliyev succeeded him.[1][2] Aliyev, a former Soviet politburo member and the leader of Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1987, became the President of Azerbaijan in 1993. He then began to carefully design an autocratic system, with heavy reliance on family and clan members, oil revenues and patronage.[3]

In Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev is presented as "Father of the Azeri nation".[4] Aliyev's cult of personality is often compared to Atatürk's cult of personality in Turkey.[5]

Heydar Aliyev's image in Azerbaijan[edit]

A school in Qusar with Aliyev's image on the wall

Aliyev has long been accused of violating human rights and forming an autocratic system in Azerbaijan, with some critics even characterizing the regime as totalitarian.[6][7] His personality cult has been compared to that of the Soviet Union, characterized by an atmosphere of fear in Azerbaijan and censorship of the press.[8] This continued following his death. According to Azeri analyst Zafar Guliyev, the 2003 appointment of Ilham Aliyev as his father's successor instigated a process of asserting the personality cult of his predecessor and rewriting recent Azerbaijani history.[9]

In his 2003 book The New Great Game: Blood and Oil in Central Asia, German journalist Lutz Kleveman described the situation:

Opposition analyst Zardusht Alizade has said that Aliyev "was the last representative of the political heritage of Stalin and Beria. [He] personified the most terrible experiences in the fate of the Azerbaijani people."[11] The 2006 US Congressional Record Proceedings and Debates also expressed concern about how Ilham Aliyev's government maintains a "distinct Soviet-era state television network and has elevated Heydar Aliyev to the status of a minor personality cult figure."[12]

American journalist and specialist on the Caucasus, Thomas Goltz wrote in 1998:

Julie Hill described the cult in her 2005 book, The Silk Road revisited: markets, merchants and minarets, as follows:

Heydar Aliyev's reaction[edit]

In 2001, when journalists from CIS countries asked Heydar Aliyev about his cult of personality, he responded:

Places named after Heydar Aliyev[edit]

Heydar Aliyev Park in Tbilisi, Georgia

Every city and town in Azerbaijan has a street named after Heydar Aliyev,[16] including one of the central avenues of capital Baku.[17] According to official information, there are 60 museums and centers of Heydar Aliyev in Azerbaijan.[16]

Other places named after him include:

Outside of Azerbaijan[edit]

On June 14, 2005 a commemorative plaque was opened in Saint Petersburg, Russia on 6 Gorokovaya Street on the house where Aliyev lived from 1949 to 1950.[34]

Other[edit]

The Heydar Aliyev Order, founded in 2004, is the supreme order of the Azerbaijan Republic.[35]

Gül bayramı[edit]

Annually, since 2000, a festival is held in Baku in honor of Heydar Aliyev, called Gül bayramı, which translates to "Flower Feast". It starts on May 10 and lasts a few days. Traditionally, it is held in Heydar Aliyev Park, in front of the Central Bank of Azerbaijan, where unique flowers from around the world are gathered.[36] According to the opposition Yeni Musavat newspaper, over $76 million were spent in 2013 on this festival.[37]

Films[edit]

Two films were shot in 2003 commemorating Aliyev's 80th birthday. Black Label (Qara nişanə) was directed by Vagif Mustafayev with Polish actor Tadeusz Huk (pl) playing Aliyev's role. The Moment of Truth was directed by Ramiz Fataliyev (ru) with Russian actor Aleksandr Baluyev (ru) playing the lead role.

Post stamps[edit]

Statues and monuments[edit]

Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality is located in Azerbaijan
Baku
Baku
Ağcabədi
Ağcabədi
Agsu
Agsu
Astara
Astara
Ganja
Ganja
Goranboy
Goranboy
İmişli
İmişli
Naftalan
Naftalan
Nəbiağalı
Nəbiağalı
Nakhchivan city
Nakhchivan city
Qabala
Qabala
Qıvraq
Qıvraq
Quzanlı
Quzanlı
Saatlı
Saatlı
Sabirabad
Sabirabad
Şabran
Şabran
Şamaxı
Şamaxı
Şəmkir
Şəmkir
Şirvan
Şirvan
Siyəzən
Siyəzən
Sumqayit
Sumqayit
Tovuz
Tovuz
Xızı
Xızı
Quba
Quba
Şəki
Şəki
Lankaran
Lankaran
Lerik
Lerik
Yardımlı
Yardımlı
Qazax
Qazax
Qax
Qax
İvanovka
İvanovka
Salyan
Salyan
Qusar
Qusar
Ucar
Ucar
Qobustan
Qobustan
Oğuz
Oğuz
Ağdaş
Ağdaş
Biləsuvar
Biləsuvar
Cəlilabad
Cəlilabad
Daşkəsən
Daşkəsən
Xaçmaz
Xaçmaz
Masallı
Masallı
Incomplete map of settlements in Azerbaijan with statues of Heydar Aliyev

In Azerbaijan[edit]

In Azerbaijan, almost every major city has at least one monument of Heydar Aliyev. With his death in 2003, many more were erected in Azerbaijan, other countries, especially in Post-Soviet states.

In Azerbaijani capital Baku, there are at least three statues of Aliyev father: in the Heydar Aliyev International Airport, in the Alley of Honor and in Heydar Aliyev Park on Rashid Behbudov Street.

Settlements in Azerbaijan with statues and monuments of Heydar Aliyev include:

Outside of Azerbaijan[edit]

Aliyev's statue in Belgrade

Since Aliyev's death in 2003, many statues have been erected outside of Azerbaijan as well.

The first statue of Aliyev outside Azerbaijan was inaugurated in Kiev (2004).[73][74] In the same year Aliyev's bust was inaugurated in Bucharest, in a park named after him in 2007.[23] Later statues were erected in Comrat, Gagauzia, Moldova (2007),[75][76] Tbilisi (2007)[77] Qalyub, a suburb of Cairo (2008)[78] Belgrade's Tašmajdan Park (2011)[79] and Mexico City (2012).[80]

In only two years, three statues of Aliyev were erected in Russia: in Ulyanovsk (2009),[81] Dzhemikent village, Derbentsky District, Dagestan (2010)[82] and Astrakhan (2010).[83]

Also, statues of Aliyev were installed in three Turkish cities: Kars (2007),[84] Ankara[85] and Istanbul's Haydar Aliyev Park[86]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heidar Aliev, maestro of the Caucasus". The Economist. August 31, 2000. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ Kucera, Joshua (May 20, 2008). "Travels in the Former Soviet Union. Entry 2: The Cult of Heydar Aliyev". Slate. Retrieved September 23, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Azerbaijan: Turning Over a New Leaf?". Baku/Brussels: International Crisis Group. April 13, 2004. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ Day, [edited by] Alan J.; East, Roger; Thomas, Richard (2002). A political and economic dictionary of Eastern Europe (1. ed. ed.). London: Europa Publications. p. 16. ISBN 1-85743-063-8. 
  5. ^ Boland, Vincent (June 4, 2005). "Azerbaijan looks to Turkey as model for cult of dead leader". The Financial Times. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ Karatnycky, Freedom House Survey Team; Adrian; editor; coordinator, survey (1999). Freedom in the world: the annual survey of political rights & civil liberties, 1998-1999. New Brunswick: Transaction Pub. p. 77. ISBN 0-7658-0012-8. 
  7. ^ Sedat Laciner, Mehmet Ozcan, Ihsan Bal and Halil Ibrahim Bahar (eds.) (2009). USAK Yearbook of International Politics and Law Vol. 2. International Strategic Research Organization. p. 364. ISBN 978-605-4030-09-5. 
  8. ^ Minahan, James (1998). Miniature empires: a historical dictionary of the newly independent states (1. edition ed.). Westport, Conn.: Greenwood. p. 29. ISBN 0-313-30610-9. 
  9. ^ (Russian)6 July 2007 (2007). "Зафар Гулиев: Азербайджан в тисках клана и культа личности [Zafar Guliyev: Azerbaijan is in the grip of clans and personality cults]". REGNUM. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  10. ^ Kleveman, Lutz (2003). "Pipeline Poker: Baku's Oil Boom". The New Great Game: Blood and Oil in Central Asia. ISBN 978-1-5558-4665-7. 
  11. ^ de Waal, Thomas (5 February 2005). "Heidar Aliev: A Political Colossus". Institute for War & Peace Reporting. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  12. ^ United States of America Congressional Record Proceedings and Debates of 109th Congress Second Session. 7 April 2006 to 5 May 2006. p. 6398. 
  13. ^ Goltz, Thomas (1998). Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-Rich, War-Torn, Post-Soviet Republic. M.E. Sharpe,. p. xxv. ISBN 9780765632074. 
  14. ^ Hill, Julie (2006). The Silk Road revisited: markets, merchants and minarets. Bloomington, Ind.: AuthorHouse. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978-1-4259-7280-6. 
  15. ^ (Russian)Aliyeva, Ayten (19 December 2003). ""Культ личности" или "народная любовь"?['Cult of personality' or 'love of the nation'?]". BBC Russian. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c (Russian) "Имени Гейдара Алиева [Named after Heydar Aliyev]". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "Heydar Aliyev Ave". Google Maps. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  18. ^ "About the airport". Azerbaijan Airlines. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  19. ^ (Russian) "Ряд улиц Астаны получил новые названия [Number of streets of Astana were renamed]". kazakh.ru. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  20. ^ "Heydar Aliyev Park opened in Istanbul". Today.az. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  21. ^ (Russian) "В Тбилиси открылся памятник Гейдару Алиеву и сквер его имени [A statue and a square f Heydar Aliyev were opened in Tbilisi]". REGNUM. 12 May 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  22. ^ (Russian) "Азербайджанские парламентарии участвуют в церемонии открытия парка имени Гейдара Алиева в Анкаре [Azeri parliamentaries participated in the opening ceremony of Heydar Aliyev Park in Anakara]". REGNUM. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  23. ^ a b (Russian) "Открытие в Бухаресте "парка Тей - Аллеи Гейдара Алиева"" [Park of Heydar Aliyev is opeben in Bucharest]. Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Romania. September 24, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  24. ^ (Russian) "По итогам визита Ильхама Алиева в Иорданию подписаны четыре документа [Azerbaijan and Jordan signed four documents on cooperation]". REGNUM. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  25. ^ (Russian) "В Анкаре открыта улица Гейдара Алиева [Heydar Aliyev street opened in Ankara]". Day.az. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  26. ^ "Avenue named after Heydar Aliyev opened in Hadera, Israel". APA. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  27. ^ (Russian) Meyta, Alena (28 October 2010). "В Киеве появился сквер имени Гейдара Алиева [A square named after Heydar Aliyev appeared in Kiev]". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  28. ^ (Russian) "В турецкой провинции Коджаэли открыт парк имени Гейдара Алиева [Heydar Aliyev park was opened in Turkey's Kocaeli province]". Trend.az. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  29. ^ (Russian) "В Турции открыли мост имени Гейдара Алиева [Bridge named after Heydar Aliyev opened in Turkey]". Aze.az. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  30. ^ (Russian) "В школе имени Гейдара Алиева в Анкаре отметили турецкий национальный праздник [Trukish national holiday celebrated in Heydar Aliyev school in Ankara]". Trend.az. 23 April 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  31. ^ (Russian) "В турецком городе Игдыр открылся лицей имени общенационального лидера Гейдара Алиева [A lycee is opened in Turkish Igdir named after Heydar Aliyev]". Day.az. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  32. ^ (Russian) "Улица в одном из российских городов названа именем общенационального лидера Гейдара Алиева [Street named after Heydal Aliyev opened in a Russian city]". Trend.az. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  33. ^ (Russian) "В Астрахани открылась школа имени Гейдара Алиева [School named after Heydar Aliyev opened in Astrakhan]". Trend.az. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  34. ^ В Петербурге открыли памятную доску Гейдару Алиеву // Информационное агентство Росбалт. — 14 июня 2005
  35. ^ "Закон Азербайджанской Республики Об учреждении орденов и медалей Азербайджанской Республики Об учреждении орденов и медалей Азербайджанской Республики [Azerbaijani law on medals and orders]". Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  36. ^ (Russian) "В Баку привезли 116 тонн цветов из Голландии, Италии, Франции и Германии". Aze.az. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
  37. ^ "Radio Liberty: Tens of millions of dollars, which could provide thousands of people with housing, are spent on ‘‘Flower Festival". Panorama.am. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  38. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Агджабеди [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to Heydar Aliyev in Agjabedi]". 1News.az. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  39. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник великому лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Агдаше [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to national leader Heydar Aliyev in Agdash]". Official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  40. ^ "Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to national leader Heydar Aliyev in Astara". Official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  41. ^ (Russian)"В лицее имени Мубариза Ибрагимова в Билясуваре прошло мероприятие, посвященное Дню знаний [An event on the Day of Knowledge was held in the Mubariz Ibragimov Lyceum Bilasuvar]". 1News.az. 17 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  42. ^ "Ilham Aliyev visited the statue of nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev in Jalilabad". Official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  43. ^ "Monument of Heydar Aliyev". The Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  44. ^ (Russian) "Памятник Гейдара Алиева и музей памяти - Гянджа [Statue and memorial of Heydar Aliyev in Ganja]". Navigator.az. 
  45. ^ (Russian) "Президент Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Геранбойском районе [President Ilham Aliyev visited the statue of Heydar Aliyev in Geranboy rayon]". 1News.az. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  46. ^ "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Имишли [Ilham Aliyev visited the statue of Heydar Aliyev in Imishli]". Kavkaz-News. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  47. ^ (Russian) "Президент Ильхам Алиев Побывал в селе Ивановка Исмаиллинского района [President Ilham Aliyev visited village Ivanovka of Ismail rayon]". Official site of Permanent Spiritual Christian Molokans in Russia. 29 October 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  48. ^ "Ilham Aliyev visited the statue of nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev in Masalli". Official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 13 March 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  49. ^ "Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to national leader Heydar Aliyev in Naftalan". Official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  50. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Самухе [Ilham Aliyev visited Heydar Aliyev's statue in Samux]". 1News.az. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  51. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Огузе [Ilham Aliyev visited Heydar Aliyev's statue in Oguz]". 1News.az. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  52. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Габале [Ilham Aliyev visited Heydar Aliyev's statue in Gabala]". 1News.az. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  53. ^ (Russian) "Президент Ильхам Алиев совершил поездку в Газах [Ilham Aliyev visited Gazakh]". ANS-Press. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  54. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Гахе [Ilham Aliyev visited national leader Heydar Aliyev's statue in Gakh]". Trend.az. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  55. ^ (Russian) "Открытие памятника общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Кенгерлинском районе [Ilham Aliyev opened the statue of national leader Heydar Aliyev in Kengerli rayon]". Xalq Qazeti. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  56. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Гобустане [Ilham Aliyev visited the Heydar Aliyev statue in Gobustan]". Səs İnformasiya Agentliyi. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  57. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев: "Губа располагает очень большим туристическим потенциалом" [Ilham Aliyev: "Guba has great tourist attraction potential"]". 1News.az. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  58. ^ (Russian) "Визит президента И. Алиева в Кусары [Visit of President Alitev to Kusary]". Kusari.com. 13 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  59. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Агдаме [Ilham Aliyev visited Heydar Aliyev's statue in Agdam]". 1News.az. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  60. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в городе Саатлы [llham Aliyev visited Heydar Aliyev's statue in Saatly]". 1News.az. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  61. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Сабирабаде [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument of Heydar Aliyev in Sabirabad]". 1News.az. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  62. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Сальяне [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument of national leader Heydar Aliyev in Salyan]". 1News.az. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  63. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Шабране [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument of national leader Heydar Aliyev in Shabran]". 1News.az. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  64. ^ Image of the statue in Şamaxı
  65. ^ (Russian) "Президент Азербайджана посетил памятник общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Шеки [Azerbaijani President visits monument to national leader Heydar Aliyev in Shaki]". Trend.az. 9 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  66. ^ Image of the statue in Şəmkir
  67. ^ (Russian) "Поездка Президента Азербайджана Ильхама Алиева в Сиязаньский и Шабранский районы. В Сиязани открылся Центр Гейдара Алиева [Visit of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and Siyazan Shabran areas. In Siyazan opening of Heydar Aliyev Center]". Xalq Qazerti. 16 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  68. ^ (Russian) "Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник Гейдару Алиеву в Сумгайыте [Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to Heydar Aliyev in Sumgayit]". 1News.az. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  69. ^ (Russian) "Президент Ильхам Алиев посетил памятник общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву в Товузе [President Ilham Aliyev visited the monument to national leader Heydar Aliyev in Tovuz]". AzTV. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  70. ^ (Russian) "Президент Азербайджана принял участие в открытии Центра Гейдара Алиева в Уджаре [Azerbaijani President attends opening of Heydar Aliyev Center in Ujar]". Trend.az. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  71. ^ "Monument to Heydar Aliyev". The Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  72. ^ (Russian) "Поездка Президента Азербайджана Ильхама Алиева в Хызинский район. Открытие Центра Гейдара Алиева [Visit of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev in Khizi region. Opening of Heydar Aliyev]". Xalq Qazeti. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  73. ^ (Russian) "В Киеве открыт памятник Гейдару Алиеву". Корреспондент.net. June 4, 2004. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  74. ^ Photo of Aliyev's state in Kiyev
  75. ^ (Russian) "Эксперты: Установка в Гагаузии бюста Гейдара Алиева - "признание его заслуг перед всем тюркским миром"" [Experts say installation of Aliyev's bust is "recognition of his achievements for the Turkic people"]. REGNUM. November 20, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  76. ^ Photo of the statue in Comrat, Moldova
  77. ^ (Russian) Iashvili, Aleksandr (May 14, 2007). "Саакашвили отдал должное ветерану КГБ" [Saakashvili paid tribute to the veteran of KGB]. Izvestia. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  78. ^ (Russian) Farid Arifoglu, Anrey Shary (June 8, 2011). "Памятник президенту как экспортный товар" [President's statue a export product]. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Belgrade erects statue to former Azerbaijani President". Hürriyet Daily News. September 6, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  80. ^ (Russian) "В Мехико открылись Парк мексикано-азербайджанской дружбы и установленный в нем памятник общенациональному лидеру Гейдару Алиеву" [A park of Mexican-Azerbaijani friendship and a state of national leader Heydar Aliyev were opened in Mexico]. Azerbaijan State Telegraph Agency. August 24, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  81. ^ (Russian) Aleksandr Narodetsky (November 27, 2009). "Ильхам Алиев штампует памятники отцу Гейдару, в Казахстане неистребим дух Ленина" [Ilham Aliyev is stamping states of his father Heydar and spirit of Lenin in invincible in Kazakhstan]. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  82. ^ (Russian) "В Дагестане открыт памятник Общенациональному лидеру Азербайджана Гейдару Алиеву" [A statue was opened to the national leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev in Dagestan]. Day.az. June 16, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  83. ^ (Russian) "Открытие памятника Гейдару Алиеву в Астрахани - еще одно свидетельство дружбы между Азербайджаном и Россией - Президент Ильхам Алиев" [Ilhan Aliyev: "The opening of Heydat Aliyev's statue in Astrakhan proves the strength of the friendship between Azerbaijan and Russia]. Trend.az. October 27, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  84. ^ (Turkish) "Haydar Aliyev, ölümünün 4. yılında Kars'ta anıldı" [Heydar Aliyev's 4th anniversary of death was commemorated in Kars]. Cihan Haber Ajansı. December 11, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  85. ^ Photo of the statue in Ankara
  86. ^ Photo of the statue in Istanbul