Heydebreck-Cosel

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This article is about the Nazi Germany military facilities at Heydebreck and Cosel. For information about the villages that were renamed[1] from Heydebreck-Cosel in June 1945, see Kędzierzyn-Koźle.
Heydebreck
Part of Auschwitz III-Monowitz
Located in Upper Silesia
Heydebreck croix rouge1945.jpg
1945 Heydebreck card
Site history
Battles/wars Oil Campaign of World War II
Events

1945-01: Soviet occupation[2]

Post-war: Area recovered by Poland

Heydebreck was a Nazi Germany village area with POW camps Arbeitskommando E711A[3] and Bau und Arbeits (BAB, English: Building and Labor) camp 20[4]:a (renamed E794 in November 1944).[4]:b Five km west[5]:74 in the Cosel district was a subcamp of Auschwitz III (Monowitz) operated from April 1, 1944 to January 26, 1945.[6] In February and March 1944, 800 POWs from Monowitz Arbeitskommando E715 were transferred to chemical facilities in the area of Blechhammer, Cosel, and Heydebreck.[7]

Heydebreck chemical facilities included a Bergius hydrogenation plant[8] (3300 tons/month),[9] a Kybol plant,[5]:30 a Methanol plant, a Nitrogen plant,[10] a Butanol plant, an Oppanol plant, and (as at Oppau) a Tanol plant.[11] As a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, Heydebreck was first bombed in June 1944.[12]

A shooting of British POWs at Heydebreck was studied post-war.[13]

External images
Map distinguishing Cosel, Heydebreck, & Blechhammer

References[edit]

  1. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ a b tbd. "tbd". PrisonerOfWar.org.uk. Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help) a) Winter 2004, b) Spring 2004
  5. ^ a b Stranges, Dr. Anthony. "Fischer-Tropsch Archive". Washington, D.C.: Fischer-Tropsch.org. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  6. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ tbd. tbd. Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ tbd. "tbd". Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  12. ^ tbd. "tbd" (PDF). Retrieved tbd.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  13. ^ tbd. "Reigersfeld, Heydebreck, Germany: shooting of POWs". gov.uk: The National Archives. Retrieved 2009-09-20.