Heywood-Wakefield Company

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The Heywood-Wakefield Company is a US furniture manufacturer established in 1897. It went on to become a major presence in the US and its older products are considered valuable collectibles.[1]

History[edit]

Heywood Brothers was established in 1826, Wakefield Company in 1855.[2] Both firms produced wicker and rattan furniture, and as these products became increasingly popular towards the end of the century, they became serious rivals.[3] In 1897 the companies merged as Heywood Brothers & Wakefield Company (this name was changed to Heywood-Wakefield Company in 1921), purchasing Washburn-Heywood Chair Company in 1916, Oregon Chair Company in 1920, and Lloyd Manufacturing Company in 1921.[2]

While its wooden furniture plant in Gardner, Massachusetts closed in 1979, a branch in Menominee, Michigan continued to manufacture metal outdoor seats, auditorium seats, and school furniture.[2] The Heywood-Wakefield Company Complex in Gardner was added to the National Historic Register in 1983. The South Beach Furniture Company acquired the rights to the name in 1994 and reproduces its wooden furniture.[2][4]

Products[edit]

Both founding companies produced wicker and rattan furniture in the late 19th century. Wakefield initiated its mechanized production.[3] The wicker styles drew on the Aesthetic Movement and Japanese influences; simpler designs arose in the wake of the Arts and Crafts Movement.[3] The merged entity stayed abreast of wicker furniture trends by hiring designers such as Paul Frankl and Donald Deskey during the 1920s.[3] Its furniture was exhibited at the 1933 Century of Progress exhibition and at the 1964 New York World's Fair.[5]

During the 1930s and 1940s Heywood-Wakefield began producing furniture using sleek designs based on French Art Deco.[6]

Long-haul bus companies began focusing on passenger comfort in the 1920s. Their bucket seats proved successful and rail companies began to follow suit. The Association of American Railroads' Mechanical Division and Heywood-Wakefield became involved in the quest for more luxurious seat design. Through a grant from Heywood-Wakefield, the Association employed a Harvard professor of anthropology, E. A. Hooton, to research rail passenger seat preferences in 1945.[7] Heywood-Wakefield's resulting Sleepy Hollow seat came into wide use.[7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Pat Harris, Patricia Harris, David Lyon (2006). You Know You're in Massachusetts When...: 101 Quintessential Places, People, Events, Customs, Lingo, and Eats of the Bay State. Globe Pequot. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7627-4132-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d Larry R. Paul (2005). Made in the twentieth century: a guide to contemporary collectibles. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 161. 
  3. ^ a b c d Old House Interiors. pp. 40–43. 
  4. ^ Frank Farmer Loomis (2005). Antiques 101: A Crash Course in Everything Antique. Krause Publications. pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-0-89689-158-6. 
  5. ^ Jeremy Elwell Adamson, Sam Maloof, Renwick Gallery (2001). The furniture of Sam Maloof. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 11–112. ISBN 978-0-393-73080-7. 
  6. ^ Marvin D. Schwartz, Elizabeth Von Habsburg, Chun Y. Lai (2000). American Furniture: Tables, Chairs, Sofas & Beds. Black Dog Publishing. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-57912-108-2. 
  7. ^ a b White, John H. (1985) [1978]. The American Railroad Passenger Car 2. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 377. ISBN 0801827477. OCLC 11469984. 

External links[edit]