|City of Hialeah|
|Nickname(s): "The City of Progress"|
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits prior to most recent annexation
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporation||September 10, 1925|
|• Mayor||Carlos Hernández|
|• Council President||Isis García-Martínez|
|• Council Vice-President||Luis González|
|• City||19.7 sq mi (51.51 km2)|
|• Land||19.2 sq mi (49.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||11,701/sq mi (4,216.3/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||33002, 33010-33018|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
|GNIS feature ID||0305059|
|Website||City of Hialeah official site|
Hialeah (pronounced//) is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. As of the 2010 census, Hialeah has a population of 224,669. Hialeah is the sixth-largest city in the state, and is a major municipality within Greater Miami.
Hialeah has the highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents of any city in the United States, at 74% of the population, making them a distinctive and prominent feature of the city's culture.
Hialeah also has one of the largest Spanish-speaking communities in the country. In 2000, 92% of residents reported speaking Spanish at home, and the language is an important part of daily life in the city. This has attracted many companies to Hialeah, such as Telemundo, the second largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, which is headquartered in the city.
Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at Okeechobee, Hialeah, and Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer stations. The Okeechobee and Hialeah stations serve primarily as park-and-ride commuter stations to commuters and residents going into Downtown Miami, and Tri-Rail station to Miami International Airport and north to West Palm Beach.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Recreation
- 6 Government and infrastructure
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The city's name is most commonly attributed to Muskogee origin, "Haiyakpo" (prairie) and "hili" (pretty) combining in "Hialeah" to mean "pretty prairie". Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning "Upland Prairie". The city is located upon a large prairie between Biscayne Bay and the Everglades.
The Seminole interpretation of its name, "High Prairie", evokes a picture of the grassy plains used by the native Indians coming from the everglades to dock their canoes and display their wares for the newcomers of Miami. This "high prairie" caught the eye of pioneer aviator Glenn Curtiss and Missouri cattleman James H. Bright in 1921. Together, they developed not only the town of Hialeah but also Hialeah Park Race Track.
In the early "Roaring '20s", Hialeah produced significant entertainment contributions. Sporting included the Spanish sport of jai alai and greyhound racing, and media included silent movies like D. W. Griffith's The White Rose which was made at the Miami Movie Studios located in Hialeah. However, the 1926 Miami hurricane brought many of these things to an end.
In the years since its incorporation in 1925, many historical events and people have been associated with Hialeah. The opening of the horse racing course at Hialeah Park Race Track in 1925 (which was nicknamed the "Grand Dame") received more coverage in the Miami media than any other sporting event in the history of Miami up to that time and since then there have been countless horse racing histories played out at the world famous 220-acre (0.89 km2) park. It was considered one of the most grand of thoroughbred horse racing parks with its majestic Mediterranean style architecture and was considered the Jewel of Hialeah at the time.
The Park's grandeur has attracted millions, included among them are names known around the world such as the Kennedy family, Harry Truman, General Omar Bradley, Winston Churchill, and J. P. Morgan. The Hialeah Park Race Track also holds the dual distinction of being an Audubon Bird Sanctuary due to its famous pink flamingos and being listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The famous aviatrix Amelia Earhart in 1937 said her final good-byes to the continental U.S. from Hialeah as she left on her ill-fated flight around the world in 1937.
While Hialeah was once envisioned as a playground for the elite, Cuban exiles, fleeing Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution as well as World War II veterans and city planners transformed the city into a working-class community. Hialeah historian Patricia Fernández-Kelly explained "It became an affordable Eden." She further describes the city as "a place where different groups have left their imprint while trying to create a sample of what life should be like." Several waves of Cuban exiles, starting after the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and continuing through to the Freedom Flights from 1965–1973, the Mariel boatlift in 1980, and the Balseros or boat people of the late 1990s, created what at least one expert has considered the most economically successful immigrant enclave in U.S. history as Hialeah is the only American industrial city that continues to grow.
From a population of 1,500 in 1925, Hialeah has grown at a rate faster than most of the ten largest cities in the State of Florida since the 1960s and holds the rank of Florida's fifth-largest city, with more than 224,000 residents. The city is also one of the largest employers in Dade County. Predominantly Hispanic, Hialeah residents are characterized as having assimilated their cultural heritage and traditions into a hard-working and diverse community proud of its ethnicity and family oriented neighborhoods.
On July 26, 2013, 42-year-old Pedro Alberto Vargas, a resident of Hialeah, set his apartment on fire before shooting and killing six people, including the building managers Italo and Samira Pisciotti, and four residents of the apartment complex. He then engaged police officers in a shootout before holding two people hostage for about three hours. On July 27, after negotiations allegedly broke down, Vargas was shot and killed by a SWAT team. It was the deadliest shooting to have ever taken place in the city of Hialeah.
Hialeah is located at (25.860474, -80.293971).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles (51 km2). 19.2 square miles (50 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (2.53%) is water.
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Miami Lakes, Opa-locka
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Westview
- Hialeah Gardens, Medley, Miami Springs Westview, West Little River, Gladeview, Brownsville, Miami
- Miami Springs Miami
- Hialeah Gardens, Medley, Miami Springs
|2010 Census||Hialeah||Miami-Dade County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||-0.8%||+10.8%||+17.6%|
|Population density||10,474.2/sq mi||1,315.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||92.6%||73.8%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||4.2%||15.4%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||2.7%||18.9%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||94.7%||65.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.1%||0.2%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.0%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.6%||2.4%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||2.6%||3.2%||3.6%|
Hialeah is the tenth-largest city in the United States among cities with a population density of more than 10,000 people per square mile.
As of 2010, there were 74,067 households, with 3.9% being vacant. As of 2000, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.39.
In 2000, the age distribution of the population showed 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $29,492, and the median income for a family was $31,621. Males had a median income of $23,133 versus $17,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,402. About 16.0% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010, Hialeah had the highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents in the United States, with 73.37% of the populace. It had the forty-third highest percentage of Colombian and Colombian American residents in the US, at 3.16% of the city's population, and the eighty-fifth highest percentage of Dominican and Dominican American residents in the US, at 1.81% of the its population. It also had the thirty-eighth highest percentage of Hondurans and Honduran American in the US, at 1.15%, while it had the eighth highest percentage of Nicaraguans and Nicaraguan American, at 4.07% of all residents.
Hialeah ranks #2 (nearby Hialeah Gardens ranks as #1) in the list of cities in the United States where Spanish is most spoken. As of 2000, 92.14% of the population spoke Spanish at home, while those who spoke only English made up 7.37% of the population. All other languages spoken were below 1% of the population.
While Roman Catholicism is overwhelmingly the majority religion of city residents, Hialeah also contains the largest Santero Community outside of Cuba. A city ordinance restricting the Santería practice of animal sacrifice was ruled unconstitutional in Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah.
The City of Hialeah is a significant commercial center in Miami-Dade County. The city is host to national retailers such as Starbucks, Target, Best Buy, Kohl's, Walmart, Lowe's, The Home Depot as well as homegrown business such as Navarro and Sedano's.
Hialeah is also home to vibrant community of mom and pop stores which actively and successfully compete against national name brand retailers, outfitters, and franchises. In order to remain competitive national businesses have altered their traditional business strategy to meet the demands of the local community. Publix supermarkets opened a Publix Sabor along one of the city's main streets which caters exclusively to Latin American and Hispanic clientele. Moreover, while most of the manufacturing and cloth industry that made Hialeah an industrial city in the 1970s-1980s have disappeared, new electronics and technology businesses have reinvigorated the local economy.
Westland Mall provides residents with over 100 stores and several eateries. Macy's, J. C. Penney, and Sears are the main anchor stores located at Westland Mall. Visitors can dine at Fuddruckers, IHOP, Los Ranchos, Chili's, Manchu Wok, McDonald's, and Edy's among other eateries.
In March 2009, it was announced that a $40–$90 Million restoration project was set to begin within the year on the Hialeah Park Race Track. On May 7, 2009 the Florida legislature agreed to a deal with the Seminole Tribe of Florida that allowed Hialeah Park to operate slot machines and run Quarter Horse races. The historic racetrack reopened on November 28, 2009 but only for quarter horse races. The park installed slot machines in January 2010 as part of a deal to allow for two calendar seasons of racing. The races went on all the way until February 2, 2010. Only a portion of the park has been restored and an additional $30 million will be needed to complete this first phase of the project. The full transformation is expected to cost $1 billion since the plan includes a complete redevelopment of the surrounding area including the construction of an entertainment complex to include a hotel, restaurants, casinos, stores and a theater.In June 2010 concerns were raised over the preservation of Hialeah Park's historical status as the planned development threatens to hurt Hialeah Park's status as a National Historic Landmark.
The City of Hialeah boasts 3 tennis centers, more than 5 public swimming pools and aquatic centers, and more than 14 public parks totaling more than 100 acres (0.40 km2) combined. Furthermore, "Milander Park features a municipal auditorium and a 10,000 seat football stadium."
Government and infrastructure
Hialeah is located within Florida's 27th Congressional District. It is currently represented in the House of Representatives by Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Republican. According to the nonpartisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research (BACVR) Hialeah, Florida is the fourth most conservative city in the United States. The current mayor of Hialeah is Carlos Hernández.
Public primary and secondary schools
Two high schools serving the Hialeah community, Mater Academy Charter High School and Miami Lakes Tech, were named as "Silver" award winners in U.S. News & World Report 's "Best High Schools 2008 Search".
|Amelia Earhart Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||473||Airplanes|
|Ben Sheppard Elementary School||Magnet||K-5||963||Silver Hawks|
|Bob Graham Education Center||K-8 Center||K-8||1696||Bobcats|
|City of Hialeah Educational Academy||Charter||9-12||450||Bulldogs|
|Earnest R. Graham K-8 Academy||K-8 Center||K-8||1455|
|Flamingo Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||950|
|Henry H. Filer Middle School||Middle||6-8||1093||Panthers|
|Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||647||Tigers|
|Hialeah Middle School||Middle||6-8||872||Broncos|
|Hialeah High School||Senior High||9-12||2874||Thoroughbreds|
|Hialeah-Miami Lakes High School||Senior High||9-12||1668||Trojans|
|iPrep Academy @ Hialeah-Miami Lakes||Magnet||9-12||100||Trojans|
|James H. Bright/J.W. Johnson Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||690||Alligators|
|John G. DuPuis Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||637||Dolphins|
|José Martí MAST 6-12 Academy||Magnet||6-12||568||Silver Knights|
|M.A. Milam K-8 Center||K-8 Center||K-8||976||Colts|
|Mae M. Walters Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||625||Eagles|
|Meadowlane Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||985||Tigers|
|North Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||573||Eagles|
|North Twin Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||554|
|Palm Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||747||Dolphins|
|Palm Springs Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||701||Florida Panthers|
|Palm Springs Middle School||Middle||6-8||1233||Pacers|
|South Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||1107||Sharks|
|Twin Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K-5||565||Eagles|
|Westland Hialeah High School||Magnet||9-12||2137||Wildcats|
|Youth Co-Op Preparatory Charter School||Charter||K-8||Tigers|
|Youth Co-Op Preparatory High School||Charter||9-10||Titans|
- Champagnat Catholic School - Serves mainly southern and south-central Hialeah
- Our Lady of Charity School - A private Catholic school not formally associated with the Roman Catholic Church, is located in Hialeah.
- St. John the Apostle School - Serves mainly southern and south-central Hialeah
- Immaculate Conception School
- Horeb Christian School
- Edison Private School
- Miami-Dade College Hialeah Campus has served as the city's academic center since 1980. Besides its academic mission, the campus also sponsors numerous cultural and community events.
Private colleges and universities
Hialeah's public library was founded in 1924, one year prior to the incorporation of the city. While over the years the county wide Miami-Dade Public Library System has taken over the libraries of most of the cities in the county, the Hialeah public library has remained independent.
- Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer (North 79th Street and West 37th Avenue)
- Hialeah (East 21st Street and East 1st Avenue)
- Okeechobee (West 19th Street and South Okeechobee Road)
- Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer (North 79th Street and West 37th Avenue)
- Hialeah Market (North 41st Street and West 38th Avenue)
"All Ways Lead to Hialeah" was one of the city’s first slogans. At the time, Glenn Curtiss and James Bright could not have imagined the important link in the transportation chain provided by Hialeah’s location. Sitting in the heart of northwest Dade, Hialeah has access to every major thoroughfare linked by:
- Interstate 75
- State Road 826 (Palmetto Expressway)
- Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike
- U.S. Route 27
- State Road 924 (Gratigny Parkway)
- Alex Avila, Major League Baseball Player - drafted by the Detroit Tigers in the fifth round
- María Canals-Barrera, actress
- Devin Bush, professional NFL FS for the Atlanta Falcons (1995–1998), the St. Louis Rams (1999–2000) and the Cleveland Browns (2001–2002)
- Rene Capo, United States Olympic representative as a judoka
- Harry Wayne Casey, lead singer of KC and the Sunshine Band and graduate of Hialeah High School
- Chris Corchiani, professional NBA guard for Orlando Magic after being picked in the second round of the 1991 NBA Draftfrom North Carolina State University and later on the Boston Celtics as well as the Washington Bullets
- Jack Daugherty, MLB first baseman for the Texas Rangers, Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds and Montreal Expos
- Rohan Davey, professional NFL quarterback for the New England Patriots (2002–2004), switched on to the Arizona Cardinals, also helped lead the win of the NFL Europe World Bowl for the Berlin Thunder
- Bucky Dent, professional baseball player for the MLB New York Yankees and graduate of Hialeah High School
- Vincent D'Onofrio, actor and producer, known for stage, film and television work and best known for his role as Detective Robert Goren in Law & Order: Criminal Intent and graduate of Hialeah-Miami Lakes High School
- Nick Esasky, MLB infielder for the Cincinnati Reds, Boston Red Sox and Atlanta Braves
- Bobby Estelella, MLB catcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, San Francisco Giants, New York Yankees, Colorado Rockies, Arizona Diamondbacks and Toronto Blue Jays
- Wifredo A. Ferrer, nominated to be the next U.S. attorney for the Southern District of Florida by President Barack Obama
- René García, former City of Hialeah Councilman and Florida State House Representative
- Gio González, Baseball Player - Drafted by Chicago White Sox in the 1st Round, Made MLB Debut in 2008 with the Oakland A's against the Toronto BlueJays
- Ted Hendricks, former professional football player, Hialeah High Class of 1965
- Charlie Hough, former professional baseball player, Hialeah High graduate
- Richard Hough, former professional baseball player, Hialeah High graduate
- Greg Jackson, professional football player for the National Football League
- Catherine Keener, Oscar-nominated actress
- Corey Lemonier, former Auburn University defensive end. Currently plays linebacker for the San Francisco 49ers.
- Raúl L. Martínez, former mayor of Hialeah, Florida and longest-seated mayor in Hialeah history (1981–2005)
- Lizbet Martínez, Cuban violinist and teacher at M.A. Milam K-8 Center
- Oscar Múñoz, MLB pitcher for the Minnesota Twins
- Roell Preston, former professional football player
- Mike Rio, professional mixed martial arts fighter, former member of the UFC
- Julio Robaina, Mayor of the city of Hialeah, Florida as of 2005
- Rick Sánchez, former CNN anchor/correspondent
- Jon Secada, Grammy Award–winning musician
- Michael Timpson, professional NFL wide receiver for the New England Patriots for six seasons (1989–1994) and alumnus of the Lakes class of 1985
- "Biography of the Mayor". Hialeahfl.gov. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
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- "Hialeah History at Hello Hialeah". Hellohialeah.com. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
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- Zumbrun, Joshua. "In Pictures: America's 10 Most Boring Cities". Forbes.
- Diaz, Alan (July 27, 2013). "Florida hostage standoff: Man sets fire to Hialeah apartment complex killing six while holding two others at gunpoint". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Armario, Christine (July 27, 2013). "Florida Shooting: 7 Dead In Hialeah Apartment Shootout, Including Gunman (VIDEO, PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Pedro Vargas ID'd as gunman behind deadly rampage in Hialeah, Florida". CBS News. July 27, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
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- "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
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- [dead link]
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- "Energy Saving Device, "The Guardian," Provides Green Solution To Energy Bills". Prweb.com. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- "Legal corporate english." Telemundo. Retrieved on February 3, 2009.
- "Hispanic Viewers Hooked on the New American Idol: Barack Obama". HispanicBusiness.com. January 29, 2009. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- Freer, Jim (April 16, 2009). "Owner: Legislation Key to 'New' Hialeah". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Hialeah Park and Race Track". The Miami Urbex. Blogspot. June 8, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "The rebirth of Hialeah Park: Racing returns Nov. 28". Sun Sentinel. All Voices. September 17, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
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- "Hialeah Dental Clinic Turns 10." Gator Dentist Today. University of Florida College of Dentistry. Northern hemisphere Fall of 2007. p. 4. Retrieved on April 15, 2012.
- "Directory of Representatives". The United States House of Representatives. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Study Ranks America's Most Liberal and Conservative Cities". Govpro.com. August 16, 2005. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- Benjamin S. Brasch; Joey Flechas (August 2, 2013). "There candidates for mayor in Hialeah". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "2009-10 School List by Elected Officials, 12-11-09.XLS" (PDF). Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Best High Schools in the US | Top US High Schools". US News & World Report. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Introduction to CCS". Champagnatcatholicschool.com. February 9, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- Padgett, Tim. "A Florida Epidemic: Female Teachers Sleeping with Their Students." Time. Friday May 29, 2009. Retrieved on May 29, 2009.
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