|Motto: We're Ore And More|
within Saint Louis County, Minnesota
|• Mayor||Rick Cannata|
|• Total||186.43 sq mi (482.85 km2)|
|• Land||181.83 sq mi (470.94 km2)|
|• Water||4.60 sq mi (11.91 km2)|
|Elevation||1,493 ft (455 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||16,287|
|• Density||90.0/sq mi (34.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0661469|
Hibbing is a city in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 16,361 at the 2010 census. The city was built on the rich iron ore of the Mesabi Iron Range. At the edge of town is the largest open-pit iron mine in the world. U.S. Highway 169, State Highway 37, State Highway 73, Howard Street, and 1st Avenue are five of the main routes in Hibbing. The Range Regional Airport offers daily commercial flights between Hibbing and Minneapolis, as well as hosting many private pilots and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources fire fighting aircraft.
Hibbing was founded in 1893 by the town's namesake, Frank Hibbing. Hibbing was born in Hannover, Germany on December 1, 1856 and was christened Frans Dietrich von Ahlen. His mother died when he was still in infancy and it was her name, Hibbing, which he assumed when he set out to seek his fortune in the New World. He first settled in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin where he worked on a farm and in a shingle mill. After deciding he was not familiar enough with the English language to make a legal career possible, he turned to timber cruising.
In 1887, Mr. Hibbing settled in Duluth where he established a real estate business and began explorations on the Vermilion Range. In 1892, he headed a party of thirty men at Mountain Iron and cut a road through the wilderness to Section 22, 58-20. An expert iron ore prospector, he soon discovered the surface indication which led him to believe in the existence of extensive ore deposits.
In July 1893, the townsite of Hibbing was laid out and named in honor of him. Feeling personally responsible as Hibbing's creator, he took the deepest pride in its development and, by his generous aid, made its progress possible. He used his personal means to provide a water plant, electric light plant, the first roads, hotel, sawmill, and bank building. For the last ten years of his life, Mr. Hibbing made his home in Duluth where many of his business interests were centered. He retained close contact with the community which bore his name, until he died of appendicitis on July 30, 1897 at age forty.
Hibbing Heights was platted in 1908, which was annexed by Alice in 1910, when Alice incorporated as a city. Between 1919 and 1921, the Village of Hibbing relocated immediately south of Alice and then annexed Alice in 1920. Hibbing remained a village until 1979 when the Town of Stuntz was annexed. An Article of Incorporation was filed in July 1979 with the state and Hibbing became a city from that action in January 1980.
Hibbing is home to the world's largest iron ore mine, which was discovered by Leonidas Merritt. Hibbing grew rapidly in its early years as the huge iron ore mines such as the Mahoning, Hull, Rust, Sellers, and Burt provided the raw material for America's industrial revolution. In fact, the mines encroached on the village from the east, north, and west and it was determined that some of the ore body actually went under the town whose population had hit 20,000 by 1915.
Negotiations between the Oliver Mining Company and the village finally brought about a plan whereby the entire village would relocate to a site two miles south near Alice. The company, for its part, agreed to develop the downtown buildings with low interest loans that could be paid off over the years by the retailers. New civic structures such as Hibbing High School, the Androy Hotel, the Village Hall, and the Rood Hospital were also constructed with mining company money. In all, about 200 structures were moved down the First Avenue Highway, as it was called, to the new city. These included a store and even a couple of large hotels. Only one structure didn't make it: the Sellers Hotel tumbled off some rollers and crashed to the ground leaving, as one witness said, "an enormous pile of kindling". The move started in 1919 and the first phase was completed in 1921. Known today as "North Hibbing", this area remained as a business and residential center through the 1940s when the mining companies bought the remaining structures. The last house was moved in 1968.
On July 25, 1979, Hibbing annexed the Town of Stuntz which comprised five townships. With this annexation, the following unincorporated communities were also annexed (community location by township, range and section indicated):
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 186.43 square miles (482.85 km2); 181.83 square miles (470.94 km2) is land and 4.60 square miles (11.91 km2) is water. McCarthy Beach State Park is nearby.
|Climate data for Hibbing, Minnesota|
|Record high °F (°C)||48
|Average high °F (°C)||18
|Average low °F (°C)||−5
|Record low °F (°C)||−50
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.64
|Source: The Weather Channel|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,361 people, 7,414 households, and 4,325 families residing in the city. The population density was 90.0 inhabitants per square mile (34.7 /km2). There were 8,200 housing units at an average density of 45.1 per square mile (17.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 7,414 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the 2000 census, there were 17,071 people, 7,439 households, and 4,597 families residing in the city. The population density was 94.0 people per square mile (36.3/km²). There were 8,037 housing units at an average density of 44.2 per square mile (17.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.33% White, 0.46% Black, 0.73% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. 17.1% were of German, 12.4% Finnish, 10.5% Norwegian, 9.4% Italian, 6.4% Irish and 5.9% Swedish ancestry.
There were 7,439 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,346, and the median income for a family was $43,558. Males had a median income of $38,064 versus $22,183 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,561. About 8.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents
- Joe Bretto, professional hockey player, Chicago Black Hawks.
- Vincent Bugliosi, prosecutor of Charles Manson.
- Bruce Carlson, United States Air Force general, director of the National Reconnaissance Office.
- Steve Deger, nonfiction author.
- Bob Dylan (born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth), musician, singer-songwriter, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer and Pulitzer Prize winner.
- Steve Enich, professional football player.
- Dick Garmaker, professional basketball player.
- Gus Hall, former leader of the Communist Party USA and four-time U.S. presidential candidate.
- Jeff Halper, professor of anthropology, author, lecturer, political activist and co-founder of Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions.
- Chi Chi LaRue, American film director
- Roger Maris, professional baseball player, former single-season home run record holder.
- Kevin McHale, professional basketball player, three NBA titles with the Boston Celtics, former Minnesota Timberwolves Vice President. Current coach of the Houston Rockets.
- Bethany McLean, co-author of Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room.
- Joe Micheletti, professional hockey player, television Olympics & NHL hockey analyst in NYC.
- Pat Micheletti, professional hockey player.
- Robert Mondavi, American wine entrepreneur.
- Marie Myung-Ok Lee, novelist and essayist.
- Carol J. Oja, music historian at Harvard University.
- Jeno Paulucci, founder of Jeno's Pizza and Chun King Foods brands
- Rudy Perpich, Minnesota governor, former town dentist
- Gary Puckett, musician.
- John P. Sheehy, internationally known architect.
- Carl Wickman, founder and longtime CEO of Greyhound Lines.
- John (Jack) Petroske, member of the 1956 men's U.S. Olympic Hockey Team, winning a silver medal.
- Frank J. Techar, Chief Operating Officer Bank of Montreal.
Hibbing has one sister city:
- "City of Hibbing Minnesota". City of Hibbing Minnesota. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Gilman, Rhoda R. (1989). The Story of Minnesota's Past. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 35–43. ISBN 0-87351-267-7.
- City of Hibbing. Hibbing.mn.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Hibbing: The Town That Moved, accessed 2011 March 16.
- "Minnesota Rivers Map". Minnesota State Map Collection. Geology.com. 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
- "Climate Statistics for Hibbing, Minnesota". The Weather Channel.com. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Sister Cities in our Region". U.S. Consulate General Hamburg, Germany. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "LOWER SAXONY AND THE UNITED STATES". U.S. Consulate General Hamburg. August 2009. p. 3. Retrieved 16 January 2010.[dead link]
Media related to Hibbing, Minnesota at Wikimedia Commons
- City of Hibbing – Official Website
- Hibbing Public Library website
- Hibbing Chamber of Commerce
- Range Regional Airport website
- Greyhound Bus Museum
- 1987 Photos of Bob Dylan's hometown — a personal photo journal by two Dylan fans who spent the day in Hibbing, Minnesota.