Hickman County, Tennessee

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Hickman County, Tennessee
Hickman county tennessee courthouse 2009.jpg
Hickman County Courthouse in Centerville
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hickman County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1807
Named for Edwin Hickman, explorer[1]
Seat Centerville
Largest town Centerville
Area
 • Total 613 sq mi (1,587 km2)
 • Land 613 sq mi (1,586 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), .02%
Population
 • (2010) 24,690
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website hickmanco.com

Hickman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,690.[2] Its county seat is Centerville.[3]

Hickman County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Hickman County was named for Edwin Hickman, an explorer and surveyor who was killed in an Indian attack in the area in 1791. The county was established in 1807, and named for Hickman at the suggestion of Robert Weakley, a legislator who had been a member of Hickman's surveying party.[1]

Throughout the 19th century, the county's industry revolved around iron furnaces, which made use of the county's natural supply of high-quality iron ore.[1] Early furnaces included Napier's furnace near Aetna, which was destroyed by Union soldiers during the Civil War, and furnaces built by the Standard Coal Company in the 1880s.[1]

Hickman natives include songwriter Beth Slater Whitson and Grand Ole Opry personality Minnie Pearl.[1] William F. Lyell was a corporal in the United States Army during the Korean War. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on August 31, 1951.

The county is the subject of the Johnny Cash song, "Saturday Night In Hickman County," and the Hickman community of Grinder's Switch is mentioned in the song, "The South's Gonna Do It Again," by the Charlie Daniels Band.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 612.6 square miles (1,586.6 km2), of which 612.5 square miles (1,586 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.02%) is water.[4] The Duck River, the Piney River, and many creeks, large and small, run through Hickman County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Beaver Dam Creek Wildlife Management Area
  • MTSU Wildlife Management Area
  • John Noel State Natural Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,583
1820 6,080 135.4%
1830 8,119 33.5%
1840 8,618 6.1%
1850 9,397 9.0%
1860 9,312 −0.9%
1870 9,856 5.8%
1880 12,095 22.7%
1890 14,499 19.9%
1900 16,367 12.9%
1910 16,527 1.0%
1920 16,216 −1.9%
1930 13,613 −16.1%
1940 14,873 9.3%
1950 13,353 −10.2%
1960 11,862 −11.2%
1970 12,096 2.0%
1980 15,151 25.3%
1990 16,754 10.6%
2000 22,295 33.1%
2010 24,690 10.7%
Est. 2012 24,170 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Hickman County[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 22,295 people, 8,081 households, and 5,955 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 8,904 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.71% White, 4.53% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,081 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 112.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,013, and the median income for a family was $36,342. Males had a median income of $29,411 versus $21,185 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,446. About 11.60% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Town Square in Centerville

The town of Centerville, the county seat, is the only incorporated municipality in Hickman County. Other named places in the county include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Edward Dotson, "Hickman County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°48′N 87°28′W / 35.80°N 87.47°W / 35.80; -87.47