Hickory Ridge, Virginia
|Hickory Ridge, Virginia|
|Extinct unincorporated town|
|Country||United States of America|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Hickory Ridge is an extinct unincorporated town in Prince William County, Virginia. The town was located on land that is now part of Prince William Forest Park, a National Park Service property located adjacent to Marine Corps Base Quantico. The town was established shortly after the opening of the now defunct Cabin Branch Pyrite Mine in 1889 and was home to many of the mine employees.
The center of town was located about one-half mile west of the mine itself, at the junction of what is now Scenic Drive and Pyrite Mine Road. It consisted largely of an Odd Fellows hall that also functioned as a church and school for black families, Porter's Inn, one of the few restaurants that would serve blacks, and the company store. At its peak, the town consisted of about 171 homes scattered over the area.
Unlike its present day appearance, Prince William Forest Park was, at the time of the town, not widely forested but instead covered with small farm and garden plots. The townspeople were mostly self-sufficient, supplementing their diet with local fish from the nearby Potomac River and whatever meager income they could earn from selling extra meat and produce at area markets.
The mine operated from 1889 to 1920, employing about 300 men from both Hickory Ridge and the nearby community of Batestown. The remnants of the mine itself, which underwent sealing and reclamation, are located on the banks of Quantico Creek at the end of Pyrite Mine Road.
Between 1933 and 1937 the Federal Government began implementing a Resettlement Administration program, where rural farmers were supposed to be relocated to more fertile areas. The RA bought 79 pieces of property in both Hickory Ridge and Batestown and condemned another 48, to form the Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area.
The area residents resisted the relocation efforts, sometimes retreating into the park boundaries to escape detection. This continued until the beginning of WWII, where the park was taken over by the Office of Strategic Services as a spy training ground. The park was surrounded by barbed wire and fences, and patrolled by dogs and armed guards. All remaining forty-four holdouts were evicted, some literally carried away screaming.
At the end of the war, the displaced residents hoped their land would be restored, but to date these families have received no compensation. Instead, the property was turned over to the National Park Service and renamed Prince William Forest Park.
- "Stolen Land: Life After the Civil War" by Kari Pugh, WUSA9.com, February 15, 2005, retrieved April 7, 2006
- "Hickory Ridge and Batestown: Local Life Before the Park", Official NPS Website, retrieved April 7, 2006
- National Park Service - Chopawamsic Recreational Demonstration Area
- "Stolen Land: Federal Takeover" by Kari Pugh, WUSA9.com, February 16, 2005, retrieved April 7, 2006
- "Stolen Land: Preserving the Past" by Kari Pugh, WUSA9.com, February 17, 2005, retrieved April 7, 2006