Hida, Sălaj

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Hida
Commune
Wooden Church in Baica
Wooden Church in Baica
Commune Hida in Sălaj County
Commune Hida in Sălaj County
Hida is located in Romania
Hida
Hida
Hida within Romania
Coordinates: 47°03′43″N 23°18′32″E / 47.06194°N 23.30889°E / 47.06194; 23.30889
Country  Romania
County Actual Salaj county CoA.png Sălaj County
Commune Hida
Historic region Transylvania
Government
 • Mayor Dumitru Petriş (Democratic Liberal Party)
Area 92,16 km2 (3,558 sq mi)
Population (2002)[1] 3,148
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.comunahida.ro

Hida (Hungarian: Hidalmás; Yiddish: הידאלמאש (Hidalmash)) is a commune located in Sălaj County, Romania. It is composed of eight villages: Baica (Bányika), Hida, Miluani (Milvány), Păduriş (Tyikló), Racâş (Almásrákos), Sânpetru Almaşului (Füzesszentpéter), Stupini (Füzes) and Trestia (Komlósújfalu).

Miluani[edit]

The village of Miluani had 112 inhabitants in 2002 and is famous for its grain and sunflower production.[citation needed] The settlement was first mentioned in Hungarian documents in 1320 as Miluad. From the 13th century the area was property of the Hungarian Zsombor clan. In the 14th century it was donated to the Elefánthy family. A Romanian Orthodox church was built in the 16th century and a new one in 1920. Miluani is the filia of the Roman Catholic parish of Chidea; traditionally its vicars were Franciscans until 1897. Local Unitarians also belongs to Chidea. Miluani was also a center of the Greek-Catholic arch-deaconry. [1]

Miluani historically was part of Transylvania within the Kingdom of Hungary. It belonged to Doboka County until 1876, when it was incorporated into Kolozs county. In 1920, after World War I and the Treaty of Trianon, the village, as part of Transylvania, was handed over to Romania.

In 1940, by the Second Vienna Arbitration, it was again annexed by Hungary. In 1944 ethnic Romanian rebels of Miluani burnt up the Hungarian Reformed Church's archive in Hida. [2] The Jewish population of Hidalmás (26.0% in 1910) was deported to Auschwitz by the Hungarian government in May 1944.

Among those who have resided in the village include Sándor Kendi, a Hungarian magnate and József Nyírő, a Hungarian writer and politician, and vicar in Miluani.

Wooden Church in Hida, built in the18th century, historic monument

Sights[edit]

  • Wooden Church in Baica, built in the 17th century (1645), historic monument[2]
  • Wooden Church in Hida, built in the 18th century (1717), historic monument[3]
  • Wooden Church in Racâş, built in the 16th century (1558), historic monumen
  • Wooden Church in Sânpetru Almaşului, built in the 18th century (1795), historic monument
  • Orthodox Church in Miluani, built in the 16th century, historic monument[4]
  • Hida, Manor Hatfaludy, built in the 20th century (1916), historic monument[5]
  • Hida, Devil's Rock Nature reserve (Natural monument)[6]
  • Meadow with daffodils from Racâş-Hida, Natural reserve

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°04′N 23°17′E / 47.067°N 23.283°E / 47.067; 23.283