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Hidalgo and Fidalgo (in Galician and Portuguese) are traditional titles for men of the Spanish nobility and of the Portuguese nobility, and of the gentry of each monarchy. The word hidalgo is a contraction of the phrases hijo de algo (″son of something″) and hijo de alguien (″son of someone″). In formal, social usage, the Spanish court rigorously regulated who was and who was not entitled to call himself Un hidalgo; by extension, in Spanish cultural usage, the word hidalgo is applied to describe a man who is of a noble and generous spirit, ″a gentleman″ (un caballero).

In Mexican culture and history, the word hidalgo is the surname of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753–1811), and so refers to the Jesuit priest who was the first warlord of the Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) from Spain.

The name Hidalgo also refers to:



United States[edit]


  • In the Doc Savage stories ″Hidalgo″ is the name of a fictional country in Central America

Other uses[edit]