Hidalgo County, New Mexico
|Hidalgo County, New Mexico|
Hidalgo County courthouse in Lordsburg
Location in the state of New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 25, 1919|
|Named for||Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo|
|• Total||3,446 sq mi (8,925 km2)|
|• Land||3,437 sq mi (8,902 km2)|
|• Water||9 sq mi (23 km2), 0.3%|
|• Density||1/sq mi (.548/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Hidalgo County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,894. The county seat and largest city is Lordsburg. Hidalgo was created on February 25, 1919, from the southern part of Grant County. It was named for the town north of Mexico City where the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, which in turn was named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who is known as the "Father of Mexican Independence". This county abuts the Mexican border.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,446 square miles (8,925 km2), of which 3,437 square miles (8,902 km2) is land and 9 square miles (23 km2) (0.3%) is water  The southern part of the county, the part bounded on the east and south by Mexico, is known as the Boot Heel.
Adjacent counties and municipios
- Grant County, New Mexico – north, and east
- Luna County, New Mexico – east
- Cochise County, Arizona – west
- Greenlee County, Arizona – northwest
- Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico – southwest
- Ascensión, Chihuahua, Mexico – southeast
- Janos, Chihuahua, Mexico – south
National protected areas
According to the 2010 U.S. Census:
- 42.3% White
- 0.6% Black
- 0.8% Native American
- 0.5% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 1.8% Two or more races
- 11.0% Other races
- 56.6% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2010, there are 4,894 people in the county, organized into 2,152 households, and 1,542 families. The population density is 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There are 2,848 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 42% White and about 55% of the population is Hispanic.
Size of family households: 592 2-persons, 341 3-persons, 316 4-persons, 165 5-persons, 83 6-persons, 48 7-or-more-persons. The average household size is 2.7 and the average family size is 3.29. In non-family households,there are 684 with 314 male householders (286 living alone), 293 female householders (262 living alone), and 77 non-relatives. In group quarters, there are 85 (all institutionalized).
In the county the population is spread out with 31.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $31,286. The per capita income for the county is $12,431. 27.8% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 38.90% of those under the age of 18 and 17.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Unemployment rates in April 2010 was 7.6%.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Herrera, Mary (Secretary of State) (2008) New Mexico Blue Book 2007-2008 Office of the Secretary of State, Santa Fe, New Mexico, page 226
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Geology of Lordsburg Quadrangle, Hidalgo County
- Animas, Cotton City, and Playas
- Hidalgo county, New Mexico
- Hidalgo county, New Mexico
||Greenlee County, Arizona||Grant County||Grant County|
|Cochise County, Arizona||Luna County|
|Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico||Janos, Chihuahua, Mexico||Ascensión, Chihuahua, Mexico|