Hidalgo County, Texas

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Hidalgo County, Texas
Hidalgo County Courthouse.jpg
The Hidalgo County Courthouse at Edinburg in October 2002
Flag of Hidalgo County, Texas
Flag
Map of Texas highlighting Hidalgo County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Seat Edinburg
Largest city McAllen
Area
 • Total 1,583 sq mi (4,100 km2)
 • Land 1,571 sq mi (4,069 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 774,769
 • Density 493.5/sq mi (191/km²)
Congressional district 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.hidalgo.tx.us

Hidalgo County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 774,769.[1] The county seat is Edinburg,[2] while the largest city is McAllen. The county is named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who raised the call for Mexico's independence from Spain.[3]

Hidalgo County is located within the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located in the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas.

It is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States, and is the eighth-most populous county in Texas. Its population in 2010 was 774,769, a 35% increase from 2000.[4]

Metropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Hidalgo County as the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.[5] The United States Census Bureau ranked the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 70th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[6]

The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive McAllen-Edinburg, TX Combined Statistical Area,[5] the 60th most populous combined statistical area and the 67th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of Template:Conver, of which 1,571 square miles (4,070 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.8%) is water.[8] The northern part of the county has sandy and light loamy soils over deep reddish or mottled, clayey subsoils. In some areas limestone lies within forty inches of the surface. The southern part of the county has moderately deep to deep loamy surfaces over clayey subsoils. Along the Rio Grande brown to red clays occur. Hidalgo County is in the South Texas Plains vegetation area, which features grasses, mesquite, live oaks, and chaparral. Native plants, reduced in recent years by extensive farming, include chapote, guayacan, ebony, huisache, brasil, and yucca.

In 1982, 91 percent of the land was in farms and ranches, with 52 percent of the farmland under cultivation and 85 percent irrigated; 51 to 60 percent of the county was considered prime farmland. The primary crops were sorghum, cotton, corn, and vegetables; Hidalgo County led Texas counties in the production of cabbage, onions, cantaloupes, carrots, and watermelons. The primary fruits and nuts grown in the county were grapefruit, oranges, and pecans. Cattle, milk cows, and hogs were the primary livestock products. Natural resources included caliche, sand, gravel, oil, and gas. Oil and gas production in 1982 totaled 98,487,211,000 cubic feet (2.7888472×109 m3) of gas-well gas, 139,995 barrels of crude oil, 1,101,666 barrels of condensate, and 15,784,000 cubic feet (447,000 m3) of casinghead gas. The climate is subtropical and subhumid. Temperatures range from an average low of 47 °F (8 °C) in January to an average high to 96 °F (36 °C) in July; the average annual temperature is 73 °F (23 °C). Rainfall averages 23 inches (580 mm) a year, and the growing season lasts for 320 days of the year.[9]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,182
1870 2,387 101.9%
1880 4,347 82.1%
1890 6,534 50.3%
1900 6,837 4.6%
1910 13,728 100.8%
1920 38,110 177.6%
1930 77,004 102.1%
1940 106,059 37.7%
1950 160,446 51.3%
1960 180,904 12.8%
1970 181,535 0.3%
1980 283,229 56.0%
1990 383,545 35.4%
2000 569,463 48.5%
2010 774,769 36.1%
Est. 2013 815,996 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850-2010[11]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 774,769 people residing in the county. 88.0% were White, 1.0% Asian, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.8% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 90.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 569,463 people, 156,824 households, and 132,829 families residing in the county. The population density was 363 people per square mile (140/km²). There were 192,658 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile (47/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 77.71% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 18.64% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. 88.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 156,824 households out of which 49.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.30% were non-families. 13.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.60 and the average family size was 3.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 35.30% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 16.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,863, and the median income for a family was $26,009. Males had a median income of $21,299 versus $18,297 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,899. About 31.30% of families and 35.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.50% of those under age 18 and 23.30% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States. In 2009, it was tied with Bronx County, New York for "the greatest share of people receiving food stamps: 29 percent."[13]

Las Milpas, previously unincorporated, was annexed by Pharr in 1987.[14]

Politics[edit]

Hidalgo County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 28.6% 39,865 70.4% 97,969 1.07% 1,488
2008 30.3% 39,688 69.0% 90,261 0.80% 1,043
2004 44.8% 50,931 55.9% 62,369 0.33% 383
2000 37.9% 38,301 60.8% 61,390 1.4% 1,359
1996 28.8%24.437 66.5% 56,335 4.5% 7,910
1992 30.5% 26,976 58.0% 51,205 11.3% 9,979
1988 34.9%29,246 64.8% 54,330 0.40% 294
1984 44.1% 35.059 55.6% 44,147 0.30% 226
1980 41.8% 25,808 56.0% 34,542 2.20% 1,367
1976 35.2% 19,199 64.1% 35,021 0.70% 373
1972 55.2% 22,920 44.3% 18,366 0.50% 213
1968 69.0% 14,455 54.1% 20,087 5.90% 2,569
1964 34.3%11,563 65.5% 22,110 0.20% 83
1960 42.1% 13,628 57.6% 18,663 0.40% 115

Hidalgo County tends to vote for the Democratic Party, although there is representation of the Republican Party in some of the offices that affect the county. Hidalgo County is represented by Ruben Hinojosa of Texas's 15th congressional district, and Henry Cuellar of Texas's 28th congressional district. In the 2012 presidential election, 70.4% of the voters voted for Barack Obama while 28.6% voted for Mitt Romney. The last time Hidalgo County voted Republican was in the 1972 presidential election when Richard Nixon won over 55% of the votes.

Political Parties[edit]

Democratic Party

Hidalgo County Democratic Party Chair - Kelly Rivera Salazar
Headquarters:
Hidalgo County Democratic Party
3307 N. McColl Rd #D
McAllen, TX 78401
Website: Hidalgo County Democratic Party

Republican Party

Headquarters:
Hidalgo County Republican Party
5111 North 10th ST, PMB340
McAllen, Texas 78504
Meetings are currently held at:
5804 N. 23rd Street, McAllen, Texas 78504
Website: Hidalgo County Republican Party

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Hidalgo County

In addition, the county is served by the multi-county South Texas Independent School District. The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates three PK-8th Grade schools, two lower-level elementary schools and two high schools.

The University of Texas-Pan American is located in Edinburg. Hidalgo County, along with neighboring Starr County, is part of the South Texas College.

Media[edit]

Area newspapers[edit]

The Valley Town Crier

Area radio stations[edit]

Magazines[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 156. 
  4. ^ Grinberg, Emmanuella. "Impoverished border town grows from shacks into community." CNN. July 8, 2011. Retrieved on July 9, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Hidalgo County". Texas Almanac. Retrieved Nov 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 17, 2013
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ Bloch, Matthew; Jason DeParle, Matthew Ericson and Robert Gebeloff (November 28, 2009). "Food Stamp Usage Across the Country". New York Times. Retrieved November 28, 2009. 
  14. ^ "LAS MILPAS, TX." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on September 27, 2013.
  15. ^ Garza, Alicia A. "McCook, Texas". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved July 14, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°24′N 98°11′W / 26.40°N 98.18°W / 26.40; -98.18