|Native to||United States|
|Region||North Dakota, Montana, South Dakota|
|Native speakers||508 (2000 census)
100 and decreasing (1986 SIL)
A description of Hidatsa-Mandan culture, including a grammar and vocabulary of the language, was published in 1877 by Washington Matthews, a government physician who lived among the Hidatsa at Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.
Linguists working on since the 1870s have considered the name of Sacagawea, guide and interpreter on the Lewis and Clark Expedition, to be of Hidatsa origin. The name is a compound of two common Hidatsa nouns, cagáàga [tsaɡáàɡa] 'bird' and míà [míà] 'woman'. The compound is written as Cagáàgawia 'Bird Woman' in modern Hidatsa orthography, and pronounced [tsaɡáàɡawia] (/m/ is pronounced [w] between vowels in Hidatsa). The double /aa/ in the name indicates a long vowel and the diacritics a falling pitch pattern. Hidatsa is a pitch-accent language that does not have stress, therefore in the Hidatsa pronunciation all syllables in [tsaɡáàɡawia] are pronounced with roughly the same relative emphasis. However, most English speakers perceive the accented syllable (the long /aa/) as stressed. In faithful rendering of the name Cagáàgawia to other languages, it is advisable to emphasize the second, long syllable, not the last, as is common in English.
- Data Center States Results
- Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
- Matthews, Washington (1877). Ethnography and philology of the Hidatsa Indians. Government Printing Office.
- Matthews, G.H. (1965). Hidatsa Syntax. Mouton.
- Park, Indrek. 2012. A Grammar of Hidatsa. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Indiana, Bloomington. p. 36.
- Hidatsa Dictionary
- Hidatsa words
- Hidatsa Water Buster Account (including clan song)
- "N. Dakota school is trying to save Hidatsa language". Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "A family's quest: Brothers lead effort to save Hidatsa language". Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Internet Archive Search: Hidatsa language". Retrieved 2012-07-17.
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