November 7, 1902|
|Died||May 19, 1996
Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan
Born in Osaka and a graduate of Kansai University, Hōjō moved to Tokyo in 1926, and found employment with the Hakone Tozan Railway. In 1933, he quit his job to devote his attention to drama, becoming a student with Okamoto Kido and Hasegawa Shin. He became a leading member of the Shimpa modern drama movement in the 1930s.
During World War II, he was active in writing kokumingeki (government propaganda plays) such as "Tamna Tunnel", intended to help the war effort.
Hōjō was author of more than 200 plays and the leader of commercial theatre in Japan after World War II, working in a wide range of genre, from kabuki, to shimpa and Takarazuka Revues. In "Behind the Flower Garden" in 1960, he wrote a play in which actor Shotaro Hanayagi had to play both the male and female leads.
His psychological dramas about average citizens appealed to mainstream audiences. He is especially known for his screenplay adaptations of “Miyamoto Musashi”, “Genji Monogatari”, and many other historical dramas.
Hōjō was awarded numerous literary awards in his career, including the Shinchosha Prize, the Yomiuri Literary Award and the Kikuchi Kan Prize. In 1987, he was designated a Person of Cultural Merit by the Japanese government.
- Koi sugata kitsune goten (恋すがた狐御殿) (1956) - writer
- Cody, Gabrielle H. The Columbia encyclopedia of modern drama: A-L. Columbia University Press (2007). ISBN 0231144229
- Powell, Brian. Japan's Modern Theatre: A Century of Change and Continuity. RoutledgeCurzon (2002). ISBN 1-873410-30-1