Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0014
|Glossary of Shinto|
The Hie Shrine (日枝神社 Hie Jinja?) is a Shinto shrine in Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Its June 15 Sannō Matsuri is one of the three great Japanese festivals of Edo (the forerunner of Tokyo). Other names for the shrine include Hiyoshi Sannō-sha, Hiyoshi Sannō Daigongen-sha, Edo Sannō Daigongen, Kōjimachi Sannō, Sannō-sha, and Sannō-sama.
The main god of the shrine is Ōyamakui-no-kami.
The date of establishment of the Hie Shrine is uncertain. According to one theory, Ōta Dōkan established it in 1478. Another theory identifies the Hie with the Sannō Shrine mentioned in a 1362 record of the Kumano Nachi Taisha.
Tokugawa Ieyasu relocated it to the grounds of Edo Castle, and in 1604 his son Tokugawa Hidetada moved it out, so the people of Edo could worship there. The shaden was lost to the Great Fire of Meireki of 1657, and in 1659 Tokugawa Ietsuna rebuilt it at its present location. The shrine stands southwest of the castle, in the ura kimon direction according to onmyōdō.
From 1871 through 1946, the Hie Shrine was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines.
The shaden was lost again to the bombing of Tokyo in World War II. The present structure dates from 1958.
The Hie Shrine possesses one National Treasure, a sword. It also holds 14 Important Cultural Assets, 13 swords and one naginata. The shrine is also one of the most popular for Japanese families to visit during the Shichigosan coming-of-age festival.
Tameike-Sannō Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza and Namboku Lines, Kokkai-gijidō-mae Station on the Marunouchi and Chiyoda Lines, and Akasaka-mitsuke Station on the Ginza and Marunouchi Lines are the closest stops to the shrine.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 126.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- This article incorporates material from 日枝神社 (Hie Jinja) in the Japanese Wikipedia, retrieved September 16, 2007.
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