Hiers-Brouage

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Hiers-Brouage
Citadel
Citadel
Coat of arms of Hiers-Brouage
Coat of arms
Hiers-Brouage is located in France
Hiers-Brouage
Hiers-Brouage
Coordinates: 45°51′02″N 1°04′28″W / 45.8505°N 1.0744°W / 45.8505; -1.0744Coordinates: 45°51′02″N 1°04′28″W / 45.8505°N 1.0744°W / 45.8505; -1.0744
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Rochefort
Canton Marennes
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Patrick Pellet
Area1 31.35 km2 (12.10 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 639
 • Density 20/km2 (53/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17189 / 17320
Elevation 0–26 m (0–85 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hiers-Brouage is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.

History[edit]

Citadel of Brouage - reproduction of a 17th-century scale model

Brouage was founded in 1555 by Jacques de Pons on the Bay of Biscay facing the Atlantic Ocean. Its economy was based on salt and access to the sea. The town was fortified between 1630 and 1640 by Cardinal Richelieu as a Catholic bastion in order to fight against the neighbouring Protestant town of La Rochelle. Gradually the harbour silted up in the last part of the 17th century, leaving the town stranded and useless as a port. It fell into ruin.

The town's most celebrated son is the French navigator Samuel de Champlain, who lived there when young, before being the co-founder of French settlement in Acadia (1604–1607) and Quebec (1608–1635).

In 1825 Brouage was joined to the village of Hiers, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) away, forming the commune of Hiers-Brouage.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 391 —    
1800 413 +5.6%
1806 326 −21.1%
1821 372 +14.1%
1831 764 +105.4%
1836 804 +5.2%
1841 778 −3.2%
1846 901 +15.8%
1851 760 −15.6%
1856 840 +10.5%
1861 742 −11.7%
1866 708 −4.6%
1872 695 −1.8%
1876 708 +1.9%
1881 766 +8.2%
1886 733 −4.3%
1891 687 −6.3%
1896 715 +4.1%
1901 668 −6.6%
1906 663 −0.7%
1911 639 −3.6%
1921 534 −16.4%
1926 550 +3.0%
1931 546 −0.7%
1936 560 +2.6%
1946 514 −8.2%
1954 500 −2.7%
1962 541 +8.2%
1968 519 −4.1%
1975 440 −15.2%
1982 476 +8.2%
1990 498 +4.6%
1999 472 −5.2%
2008 639 +35.4%

Sights[edit]

  • The village church dedicated to Saint Peter and Saint Paul built in 1608. Since 1982, several stained glass windows have been installed by Quebec and New Brunswick to commemorate historical figures of New France, including Samuel de Champlain who was living when young in the village.
  • The Samuel de Champlain Museum.
  • The walls of the remparts of the citadel of Brouage.
  • The Porte royale or King's gate which gave access to the quais.
  • The Saint-Luc powderhouse (poudrière) with four flying-buttresses.
  • The Halle aux vivres or Warehouse built to store goods and supplies for the citadel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]