Shiriyazaki Lighthouse & Kandachime horses
Location of Higashidōri in Aomori Prefecture
|• Total||294.39 km2 (113.66 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2014)|
|• Density||23.5/km2 (61/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Japanese yew|
|- Bird||Slaty-backed Gull|
|Address||5-34 Isogomata Sawanai,Higashidōri-mura, Shimokita-gun, Aomori-ken 039-4292|
Higashidōri (東通村 Higashidōri-mura?) is a village located in Shimokita District of northeastern Aomori Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan. As of September 2014, the village had an estimated population of 6,921 and a population density of 23.5 persons per km². Its total area was 294.39 km².
Higashidōri occupies the northeastern coastline of Shimokita Peninsula, facing the Pacific Ocean and Tsugaru Strait, with Cape Shiriyazaki forming a boundary between the two waters. The village has a cold maritime climate characterized by cool short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall. Parts of the village are within the limits of the Shimokita Hanto Quasi-National Park.
The area around Higashidōri was inhabited by the Emishi people, with archaeological remains dating to the Jōmon period. During the Edo period, it was controlled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain, but was a sparsely populated area with scattered fishing hamlets. During the cadastral reform of 1889, Higashidōri Village was proclaimed from the merger of twelve small hamlets, although the village administrative center was kept within the town hall of neighboring Tanabu Town (now part of the city of Mutsu). In 1988, to celebrate its 100th anniversary as a village, a village hall was finally built within the borders of Higashidōri.
The economy of Higashidōri was traditionally almost completely dependent on commercial fishing. However, since the 1980s, there has been massive investment from Tōhoku Electric Power Company and Tokyo Electric Power Company towards the construction of the Higashidōri Nuclear Power Plant and related support facilities. In addition, the Iwaya Wind Farm, with a total generation capacity of 32.5 MW, is the largest in Japan.
Media related to Higashidōri, Aomori at Wikimedia Commons
- Higashidōri official website (Japanese)