Higashimatsushima City Hall
Location of Higashimatsushima in Miyagi Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Hideo Abe|
|• Total||101.86 km2 (39.33 sq mi)|
|Population (June 2014)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||36-1 Kamikawado, Yamoto, Higashimatsushima-shi, Miyagi-ken 981-0503|
Higashimatsushima (東松島市 Higashimatsushima-shi?) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of June 2014, the city had an estimated population of 39,689 and a population density of 390 persons per km². The total area was 101.86 km².
Higashimatsushima (lit. “East Matsushima”) is in eastern Miyagi Prefecture. The city borders on Matsushima Bay to the west and the Pacific Ocean (Ishinomaki Bay) to the south. Its coastline forms part of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park, which stretches north to Aomori Prefecture.
The area of present-day Higashimatsushima was part of ancient Mutsu Province. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate. The modern city of Higashimatsushima was created on April 1, 2005, when the towns of Naruse and Yamoto (both formally from Monou District) were merged to create the new city.
2011 earthquake disaster
On March 11, 2011, Higashimatsushima was severely hit by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami resulting in at least 1,039 deaths, and the destruction of over 11,000 structures, or approximately two-thirds of the buildings in the city limits. During the tsunami, a 45 metre ship, the Chōkai Maru, was hurled over a pier and left aground in the city. At the time of the disaster, Higashimatsushima had still not fully recovered from a previous major earthquake in 2003. About 63% of the town was inundated by the tsunami.
Higashimatsushima traditionally has been a center for commercial fishing, especially for the cultivation of oysters and on tourism. The Japan Air Self Defense Force’s Matsushima Air Field is located in Higashimatsushima.
- JR East – Senseki Line
- Sanriku Expressway (Naruse-Okumatsushima, Yamoto, and Ishinomaki interchanges)
- National Route 45
Noted people from Higashimatsushima
- Yutaka Abe – actor, movie director
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Higashimatsushima, Miyagi.|
- Higashimatsushima City official website (Japanese)