Higashiyama Line

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     Higashiyama Line
Subway NagoyaHigashiyama.png
Kamiyashiro stn.jpg
Overview
Type Rapid Transit
System Nagoya Municipal Subway
Locale Nagoya, Japan
Termini Takabata
Fujigaoka
Stations 22
Daily ridership 200,334[1] (2008)
Operation
Opening November 15, 1957 (1957-11-15)
Operator(s) Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya
Character Hatchii
Depot(s) Takabata, Fujigaoka
Rolling stock 5000 series
5050 series
N1000 series
Technical
Track length 20.6 kilometres (12.8 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Third rail 600 V DC
Operating speed 65 km/h (40 mph)

The Higashiyama Line (東山線 Higashiyama-sen?) is a subway line, which forms part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway system in Nagoya, Japan. Officially, the line is referred to as Nagoya City Rapid Railway Line 1 (名古屋市高速度鉄道第1号線 Nagoya-shi Kōsokudo Tetsudō Dai-ichi-gō-sen?). It runs from Takabata in Nakagawa Ward to Fujigaoka in Meitō Ward, all within Nagoya. The Higashiyama Line's color on maps is Windsor yellow; its stations carry the letter H followed by a number. All the stations accept manaca, a rechargeable contactless smart card.

The first section of the line opened in 1957. The line links Nagoya Station and Sakae, the CBD of Nagoya. As such, the line has the highest ridership among Nagoya Municipal Subway Lines. On arriving at Nagoya Station (from Fujigaoka), departing Nagoya Station (to Fujigaoka), or at Fujigaoka Station, the announcements are made in five languages, namely Japanese, English, Korean, Chinese, and Portuguese, in that order.[2]

Stations[edit]

The stations are as follows:[3]

Number Station name Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
H01 Takabata 高畑 0.0 Nagoya Municipal Subway: Kanayama Line (planned) Nakagawa Nagoya, Aichi
H02 Hatta 八田 0.9 Kansai Main Line
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu-Hatta)
H03 Iwatsuka 岩塚 2.0 Nakamura
H04 Nakamura Kōen 中村公園 3.1 Subway NagoyaSakuradori.png Sakura-dōri Line (planned extension)
H05 Nakamura Nisseki 中村日赤 3.9
H06 Honjin 本陣 4.6
H07 Kamejima 亀島 5.5
H08 Nagoya 名古屋 6.6 Chūō Main Line, Kansai Main Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu Nagoya)
Meitetsu Nagoya Line (Meitetsu Nagoya)
Subway NagoyaSakuradori.png Sakura-dōri Line (S02)
Aonami Line (AN01)
H09 Fushimi 伏見 8.0 Subway NagoyaTsurumai.png Tsurumai Line (T07) Naka
H10 Sakae 9.0 Meitetsu Seto Line (Sakaemachi)
Subway NagoyaMeijo.png Meijō Line (M05)
H11 Shinsakae-machi 新栄町 10.1 Subway NagoyaKamiiida.png Kamiiida Line (planned extension) Higashi
H12 Chikusa 千種 11.0 Chūō Main Line
H13 Imaike 今池 11.7 Subway NagoyaSakuradori.png Sakura-dōri Line (S08) Chikusa
H14 Ikeshita 池下 12.6
H15 Kakuōzan 覚王山 13.2
H16 Motoyama 本山 14.2 Subway NagoyaMeijo.png Meijō Line (M17)
H17 Higashiyama Kōen (Higashiyama Park) 東山公園 15.1 Tōbu Line (planned)
H18 Hoshigaoka 星ヶ丘 16.2 Tōbu Line (planned)
H19 Issha 一社 17.5 Meitō
H20 Kamiyashiro 上社 18.6
H21 Hongō 本郷 19.3
H22 Fujigaoka 藤が丘 20.6 Linimo (L01)

History[edit]

The Higashiyama Line was the first underground rapid transit line in Nagoya, and it opened initially on 15 November 1957 with three stations. The three stations were Nagoya Station, Fushimimachi Station (now Fushimi), and Sakaemachi Station (now Sakae). At first, the subway had six 100 series EMU trainsets, formed with two cars per set.

The line was extended from Sakaemachi (now Sakae) to Ikeshita on June 15, 1960, from Ikeshita to Higashiyama Kōen on April 1, 1963, from Higashiyama Kōen to Hoshigaoka on March 30, 1967.

The line was simultaneously extended from Nagoya to Nakamura Kōen and from Hoshigaoka to its current eastern terminus of Fujigaoka on April 1, 1969. The line was further extended from Nakamura Kōen to its present western terminus of Takabata on September 21, 1982, and with that was completed as the line which operates today.[4]

Rolling stock[edit]

All trains are based at Takabata and Fujigaoka Depots.

Former[edit]

  • 100/200/250/500/700 series (1957-1999)
  • 300/800 series (1967-2000)

The 250, 300 and 700 series trains were later sold to Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad, where they were refurbished and reclassified as Kotoden 600 series (former 250/700 series) and Kotoden 700 series (former 300 series), and to the Argentinian transport company Metrovías S.A., where they serve Line C of the Buenos Aires Metro.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. http://wwwtb.mlit.go.jp/chubu/tetudo/tetudouhp.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  2. ^ "車内アナウンス:東山線" [Announcements in the Train: Higashiyama Line] (in Japanese). Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "東山線" [Higashiyama Line] (in Japanese). hatena. Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  4. ^ 佐藤, 信之 (19 June 2004), 地下鉄の歴史首都圏・中部・近畿圏 (in Japanese), グランプリ出版, ISBN 4-87687-260-0 

External links[edit]