|System||Nagoya Municipal Subway|
|Daily ridership||200,334 (2008)|
|Opening||November 15, 1957|
|Operator(s)||Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya|
|Rolling stock||5000 series
|Track length||20.6 kilometres (12.8 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||Third rail 600 V DC|
|Operating speed||65 km/h (40 mph)|
The Higashiyama Line (東山線 Higashiyama-sen?) is a subway line, which forms part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway system in Nagoya, Japan. Officially, the line is referred to as Nagoya City Rapid Railway Line 1 (名古屋市高速度鉄道第1号線 Nagoya-shi Kōsokudo Tetsudō Dai-ichi-gō-sen?). It runs from Takabata in Nakagawa Ward to Fujigaoka in Meitō Ward, all within Nagoya. The Higashiyama Line's color on maps is Windsor yellow; its stations carry the letter H followed by a number. All the stations accept manaca, a rechargeable contactless smart card.
The first section of the line opened in 1957. The line links Nagoya Station and Sakae, the CBD of Nagoya. As such, the line has the highest ridership among Nagoya Municipal Subway Lines. On arriving at Nagoya Station (from Fujigaoka), departing Nagoya Station (to Fujigaoka), or at Fujigaoka Station, the announcements are made in five languages, namely Japanese, English, Korean, Chinese, and Portuguese, in that order.
The stations are as follows:
|Number||Station name||Japanese||Distance (km)||Transfers||Location|
|H01||Takabata||高畑||0.0||Nagoya Municipal Subway: Kanayama Line (planned)||Nakagawa||Nagoya, Aichi|
|H02||Hatta||八田||0.9||Kansai Main Line
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu-Hatta)
|H04||Nakamura Kōen||中村公園||3.1||Sakura-dōri Line (planned extension)|
|H08||Nagoya||名古屋||6.6||Chūō Main Line, Kansai Main Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (Kintetsu Nagoya)
Meitetsu Nagoya Line (Meitetsu Nagoya)
Sakura-dōri Line (S02)
Aonami Line (AN01)
|H09||Fushimi||伏見||8.0||Tsurumai Line (T07)||Naka|
|H10||Sakae||栄||9.0||Meitetsu Seto Line (Sakaemachi)
Meijō Line (M05)
|H11||Shinsakae-machi||新栄町||10.1||Kamiiida Line (planned extension)||Higashi|
|H12||Chikusa||千種||11.0||Chūō Main Line|
|H13||Imaike||今池||11.7||Sakura-dōri Line (S08)||Chikusa|
|H16||Motoyama||本山||14.2||Meijō Line (M17)|
|H17||Higashiyama Kōen (Higashiyama Park)||東山公園||15.1||Tōbu Line (planned)|
|H18||Hoshigaoka||星ヶ丘||16.2||Tōbu Line (planned)|
The Higashiyama Line was the first underground rapid transit line in Nagoya, and it opened initially on 15 November 1957 with three stations. The three stations were Nagoya Station, Fushimimachi Station (now Fushimi), and Sakaemachi Station (now Sakae). At first, the subway had six 100 series EMU trainsets, formed with two cars per set.
The line was simultaneously extended from Nagoya to Nakamura Kōen and from Hoshigaoka to its current eastern terminus of Fujigaoka on April 1, 1969. The line was further extended from Nakamura Kōen to its present western terminus of Takabata on September 21, 1982, and with that was completed as the line which operates today.
All trains are based at Takabata and Fujigaoka Depots.
- 100/200/250/500/700 series (1957-1999)
- 300/800 series (1967-2000)
The 250, 300 and 700 series trains were later sold to Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad, where they were refurbished and reclassified as Kotoden 600 series (former 250/700 series) and Kotoden 700 series (former 300 series), and to the Argentinian transport company Metrovías S.A., where they serve Line C of the Buenos Aires Metro.
- 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. http://wwwtb.mlit.go.jp/chubu/tetudo/tetudouhp.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- 車内アナウンス：東山線 [Announcements in the Train: Higashiyama Line] (in Japanese). Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- 東山線 [Higashiyama Line] (in Japanese). hatena. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- 佐藤, 信之 (19 June 2004), 地下鉄の歴史首都圏・中部・近畿圏 (in Japanese), グランプリ出版, ISBN 4-87687-260-0
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