List of high-speed railway lines

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This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country or region.

High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (120 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.[1][2]

Overview[edit]

The following table gives an overview of high speed rail in service or under construction by country. For a complete country overview see the particulair country's list below.

It shows all high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) or over) in service and under construction listed by country. Based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[3] it has been updated with other sources.

Country Region In operation
(km)
Under construction
(km)
Total country
(km)
Electrification Track gauge (mm) Comment
Austria Austria Europe 292 210 292 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1,435 mm/​4 ft 8 12 in standard gauge
Belgium Belgium Europe 209 0 209 25 kV 50 Hz standard
China China[4] Asia 19,369.8 16,280 35,649.8 25 kV 50 Hz standard
Denmark Denmark Europe 5 60 65 25 kV 50 Hz standard
France France Europe 2,036 757 2,793 25 kV 50 Hz (partially) standard
Germany Germany Europe 1,334 428 1,762 15 kV 16.7 Hz standard
Greece Greece Europe 0 500 500 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV AC standard
Italy Italy[5][6] Europe 923 125 1,048 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV DC standard
Japan Japan Asia 2,664 782 3,446 25 kV 50/60 Hz standard
Mexico Mexico America 0 210 210 25 kV 60 Hz standard
Morocco Morocco Africa 0 350 350 25 kV 50 Hz standard
Netherlands Netherlands Europe 120 0 120 25 kV 50 Hz standard
Norway Norway Europe 64 54 118 15 kV 16.7 Hz standard
Poland Poland Europe 85 145 230 3 kV DC standard
Portugal Portugal Europe 0 627 627 25 kV 50 Hz standard
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Asia 0 550 550 25 kV 50 Hz standard
South Korea South Korea Asia 819 419 1,237 25 kV 60 Hz standard
Spain Spain Europe 3,100 1,800 4,900 25 kV 50 Hz standard
Switzerland Switzerland Europe 80 57 137 15 kV 16.7 Hz standard world's longest railway tunnel Gotthard Base Tunnel is expected to open in 2016
Taiwan Taiwan Asia 345 0 345 25 kV 60 Hz standard
Turkey Turkey Europe and Asia 1,420 1,506 2,926 25 kV 50 Hz standard
United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 113 0 305 25 kV 50 Hz standard
United States United States America 362 483 845 25 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 25 Hz standard
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Asia 344 344 1,520 mm/​4 ft 11 2732 in Russian gauge

Japan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tokaido Shinkansen Tokyo - Shin-Osaka 285 km/h 1964-10-01 515.4 km
Sanyo Shinkansen Shin-Osaka - Okayama 300 km/h 1972-03-15 553.7 km
Okayama - Hakata 1975-03-10
Tohoku Shinkansen Tokyo - Ueno 110 km/h (260 km/h ready) 1991-06-20 674.9 km
Ueno - Omiya 1985-11-15
Omiya - Utsunomiya 275 km/h 1982-06-23
Utsunomiya - Morioka 320 km/h
Morioka - Hachinohe 260 km/h 2002-12-01
Hachinohe - Shin-Aomori 2010-12-04
Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya - Niigata 240 km/h 1982-11-15 269.5 km
Hokuriku Shinkansen Takasaki - Nagano 260 km/h 1997-10-01 470.6 km
Nagano - Kanazawa 2015-03-14
Kanazawa - Tsuruga construction (260 km/h ready) 2023 (expected)
Kyushu Shinkansen Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 260 km/h 2011-03-12 256.8 km
Shin-Yatsushiro - Kagoshima-Chuo 2004-03-13
Takeo-Onsen - Nagasaki construction 2022 (expected) 66.7 km
Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori - Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto construction (260 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 360.2 km
Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto - Sapporo 2030 (expected)

France[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Sud-Est Paris Gare de Lyon - Lyon-Perrache 300 km/h 1981 409 km
LGV Atlantique Paris Gare Montparnasse - Courtalain 300 km/h 1990 130 km
Courtalain - Tours 102 km
Courtalain - Le Mans 52 km
LGV Rhône-Alpes Lyon-Perrache - Saint-Quentin-Fallavier 300 km/h 1992 37 km
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier - Valence 1994 78 km
LGV Nord Gare du Nord - Channel Tunnel 300 km/h 1993 333 km
LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Nord - LGV Sud-Est 300 km/h 1994 57 km
LGV Méditerranée Valence - Les Angles 300 km/h[7][7] 2001-06-10 127 km
Les Angles - Nîmes 25 km
Les Angles - Marseille 320 km/h[7] 91 km
LGV Est Paris Gare de l'Est - Baudrecourt (Part 1) 320 km/h 2007-06-10 300 km
Baudrecourt - Strasbourg (Part 2) Construction (320 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 107 km
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 320 km/h 2010-12-19 44.4 km
LGV Rhin-Rhône Eastern branch Mulhouse - Petit-Croix (Part 1) 320 km/h 2011-12-11 140 km
Petit-Croix - Dijon (Part 2) Suspended (320 km/h ready) 50 km
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique Tours - Bordeaux Construction (350 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 279 km
LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le Mans - Rennes Construction (350 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 182 km
Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier Nîmes - Montpellier Construction (220 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 80 km
LGV Lyon–Turin Lyon - Torino Construction (220 km/h ready) 2025 (expected) 142 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Vierzon Étampes - Vierzon 200 km/h 1967 1847 134 km [8]
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Bordeaux Étampes - Bordeaux 220 km/h 1971 1861 388 km [8]
(Paris - ) Connerré - Le Mans Connerré - Le Mans 220 km/h 1990 1865 18 km [8]
Le Mans - Nantes Le Mans - Gare de Nantes 220 km/h 1990 1863 120 km [8]
Strasbourg - Mulhouse Strasbourg - Mulhouse 220 km/h 1995 1844 104 km [8]

Germany[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway Wolfsburg - Berlin 250 km/h 1998-09 258 km
Hanover–Wurzburg high-speed railway Hanover - Wurzburg 280 km/h 1991 327 km
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway Mannheim - Stuttgart 280 km/h 1991-05-09 99 km
Köln–Frankfurt high-speed rail line Cologne - Frankfurt 300 km/h 2002-08-01 180 km
Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway Nuremberg - Ingolstadt 300 km/h 2006-05-13 171 km
Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway Erfurt - Leipzig Construction (300 km/h ready) 2015 (expected) 123 km
Frankfurt–Mannheim high-speed railway Frankfurt - Planned (300 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 85 km
Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway Nuremberg - Erfurt Construction (300 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 190 km
Hanau-Gelnhausen high-speed railway Hanau - Gelnhausen Planned (300 km/h ready) 2023 (expected) 55 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway Köln - Aachen 250 km/h 2002 1841 70 km

Spain[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Madrid–Seville Madrid Atocha - Seville Santa Justa 300 km/h 1992-04 471.8 km
Madrid–Barcelona Madrid Atocha - Figueres Vilafant 320 km/h 2013 (full length) 621 km
Madrid–Valladolid Madrid Chamartin - Valladolid-Campo Grande 300 km/h 2007 179.6 km
Córdoba–Málaga
Madrid–Levante Madrid Atocha - Valencia Central 300 km/h 2010-12-19 940 km (total)
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 320 km/h 2010-12-19 44.4 km

Italy[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Florence–Rome high-speed railway Florence - Rome 250 km/h 1992 (full length) 254 km
Rome–Naples high-speed railway Rome - Naples 300 km/h 2005 (full length) 205 km
Turin–Milan high-speed railway Turin - Milan 300 km/h 2009 (full length) 125 km
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway Milan - Bologna 300 km/h 2009 215 km
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway Bologna - Florence 300 km/h 2009 78 km

United Kingdom[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
High Speed 1 Channel Tunnel - Fawkham Junction (Section 1) 300 km/h 2003-09-28 74 km
Fawkham Junction - St. Pancras (Section 2) 225 km/h 2007-11-14 39 km

Classic Upgraded Line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
East Coast Main Line London Kings Cross - Edinburgh Waverley 200 km/h 1850 632 km

Belgium[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL 1 LGV Nord - Bruxelles-Sud 300 km/h 1997-12-14 88 km
HSL 2 Bruxelles-Nord - Liège-Guillemins 300 km/h 2002-12-15 64.7 km
HSL 3 Liège-Guillemins - Cologne-Aachen 260 km/h 2009-06-14 56 km
HSL 4 Antwerpen-Centraal - HSL Zuid 300 km/h 2009 40 km

China[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

inaugurated before 2008[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Shanghai Maglev Train Longyang Road - Pudong International Airport 430 km/h 2002-12-31 30.5 km
Qinshen PDL Qinhuangdao - Shenyang North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2003-10-12 404 km
Hening railway Hefei South - Feidong 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-11-12 21.7 km
Feidong - Quanjiao 2008-04-18 79 km
Quanjiao - Nanjing South 2011-06-30 56 km
Jiaoji PDL Qingdao - Linzi 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2008-07-20 254 km
Linzi - Jinan 2008-12-21 154 km
Jingjin ICR Beijing South - Tianjin 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2008-08-01 117 km
Hewu railway Chang'anji - Hankou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2008-12-31 359 km
Hefei South - Chang'anji 2014-11-12 14.2 km

inaugurated in 2009[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Shitai PDL Shijiazhuang - Taiyuan 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-01-01 197.5 km
Suicheng Railway Suining - Chengdu East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-07-07 146 km
Wenfu Railway Wenzhou South - Fuzhou South 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-07-01 298 km
Yontaiwen Railway Ningbo - Wenzhou South 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-09-28 279 km
Wuguang PDL Wuhan - Guangzhou North 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2009-12-26 980 km
Guangzhou North - Guangzhou South 2010-01-30 49 km

inaugurated in 2010[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Zhengxi PDL Zhengzhou West - Lintong East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-02-06
Lintong East - Xi'an North 2011-01-11
Zhengzhou East - Zhengzhou West 2012-12-26
Fuxia Railway Fuzhou South - Xiamen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-04-26
Chengguan ICR Chengdu - Qingchengshan 200 km/h (220 km/h ready) 2010-05-10
Juyuan - Lidui Park 2013-07-23
Pixian West - Pengzhou 2014-04-30
Huning ICR Shanghai - Nanjing 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-07-01
Changjiu ICR Nanchang West - Jiujiang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-09-20
Huhang PDL Shanghai Hongqiao - Hangzhou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-10-16
Yiwan Railway Yichang East - Lichuan 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) 2010-12-22
Changji ICR Changchun - Jilin 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-12-30
Hainan Eastern Ring Railway Haikou - Meilan  ? 2010-12-30
Meilan - Sanya 200 km/h (250 km/h ready)

inaugurated in 2011[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Guangzhu ICR Guangzhou South - Zhuhai North 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) 2011-01-07 93 km
Zhuhai North - Zhuhai 2012-12-31 23 km
Jinghu HSR Beijing South - Shanghai Hongqiao 300 km/h (380 km/h ready) 2011-06-30 1318 km
Guangshengang HSR Guangzhou South - Shenzhen North 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2011-12-26 102 km
Shenzhen North - Futian construction (200 km/h ready) 2015 (expected) 8 km
Futian - West Kowloon 2017 (expected) 26 km

inaugurated in 2012[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Longxia Railway Longyan - Xiamen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2012-06-28
Hanyi Railway Hankou - Yichang East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2012-07-01
Shiwu PDL Zhengzhou East - Wuhan 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-09-28
Shijiazhuang - Zhengzhou East 2012-12-26
Hebeng PDL Hefei West - Bengbu South 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-10-16
Hada PDL Harbin West - Dalian North 300 km/h (summer)
200 km/h (winter)
2013-12-01
Jingshi PDL Beijing West - Shijiazhuang 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-12-26

inaugurated in 2013[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Suiyu Railway Suining - Chongqing North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-01-24
Ninghang PDL Nanjing South - Hangzhou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-07-01
Hangyong PDL Hangzhou East - Ningbo 300 km/h (350 km/h) 2013-07-01
Panying PDL Panjin North - Yingkou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-09-12
Xiangpu Railway Nanchang West - Fuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-09-26
Yongtai - Putian
Jinqin PDL Tianjin - Qinhuangdao 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-12-01
Xibao PDL Xi'an North - Baoji South 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Xiashen Railway Xiamen North - Shenzhen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Yuli Railway Chongqing North - Lichuan 200 km/h 2013-12-28
Wuxian ICR Wuhan - Xianning South 300 km/h (350 km/h) 2013-12-28
Maozhan Railway Maoming East - Zhanjiang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Hengliu Railway Hengyang East - Liuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Liunan ICR Liuzhou - Nanning East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Nanqin Railway Nanning East - Qinzhou North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Qinfang Railway Qinzhou North - Fangchenggang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Qinbei Railway Qinzhou North - Beihai 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30

inaugurated in 2014[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Nanguang Railway Nanning East - Wuzhou south 200 km/h (250 km/h) 2014-04-18 576 km
Wuzhou South - Guangzhou South 200 km/h (250 km/h) 2014-12-26
Wuhuang ICR Wuhan - Huanggang East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2014-06-18
Gedian South - Daye North
Daxi PDL Taiyuan - Xi'an North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-07-01
Datong South - Taiyuan construction (250 km/h ready) 2015 (expected)
Hangchang PDL Hangzhou East - Nanchang West 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2014-09-16
Nanchang West - Changsha South 2014-12-10
Changkun PDL Changsha South - Xinhuang West 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-12-16
Xinhuang West - Kunming South 2015 (expected)
Chengmianle PDL Jiangyou - Emeishan 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-12-20
Lanxin PDL Hami - Urumqi 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-11-15
Lanzhou West - Hami 2014-12-26
Guiguang PDL Guiyang North - Guangzhou South 250 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-12-26
Qingrong ICR Qingdao North - Rongcheng 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-12-28
Zhengkai ICR Zhengzhou East - Songcheng Road 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-12-28 47 km
Songcheng Road - Kaifeng 2017 (expected) 3 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Hukun Railway Shanghai - Kunming 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
some sections
Guangshen Railway Guangzhou - Shenzhen 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jinghu Railway Beijing - Shanghai 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jingha Railway Beijing - Harbin 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jingguang Railway Beijing - Guangzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
some sections
Zhengxu Railway Zhengzhou - Xuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)

South Korea[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Gyeongbu HSR Seoul - Dongdaegu 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2004-04-01 286.8 km
Dongdaegu - Busan 2010-11-01 130.7 km
Honam HSR Osong - Gwangju Songjeong 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2015-04-02 182.3 km
Gwangju Songjeong - Mokpo 2018 (expected)
Sudogwon HSR Suseo - Jije - Pyeongtaek Junction Construction (300 km/h) 2016 (expected) 61.1 km
Wonju-Gangneung Line Wonju - Gangneung Construction (250 km/h) 2017 (expected) 120.3 km
Seohae Line Wonsi - Hongseong Construction (250 km/h) 2019 (expected) 89.2 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Jeolla Line Iksan - Suncheon 200 km/h (230 km/h ready) 2011-10-05 145.6 km
Suncheon - Yeosu Expo 230 km/h 34.8 km
Donghae Line Geoncheon Interconnection - Pohang 200 km/h 2015-04-02 38.7 km[9]
Jungang Line Dodam - Yeongcheon Upgrading (230 km/h) 2018 (expected) 148.1 km

Taiwan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Taiwan High Speed Rail Banqiao - Zuoying 300 km/h 2007-01-05 332.1 km
Taipei - Banqiao ~130 km/h 2007-03-01 7.2 km
Nangang - Taipei construction 2015 (expected) 9.2 km

Netherlands[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL-Zuid Amsterdam Centraal - HSL 4 300 km/h 2009-09-07 125 km

Turkey[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway Ankara Central - Eskisehir Central 250 km/h 2009-03-13 251 km
Eskisehir Central - Pendik 2014-07-25 214 km
Pendik - Haydarpasa construction (250 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 68 km
Ankara-Konya high-speed railway Ankara Central - Konya 250 km/h 2011-08-23 306 km

Russia[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway Moscow - Saint Petersburg 250 km/h 2009-12-26 649.7 km
Trans-Siberian Railway Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod 250 km/h 2010-07-30 461 km
Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg Railway Riihimäki - Saint Petersburg 220 km/h 2010-12-12 385 km

United States[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Northeast Corridor Washington Union - Boston South 240 km/h 2000-12-11 729.5 km

Uzbekistan[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line Tashkent - Samarkand 250 km/h 2011-10-08 344 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General definitions of highspeed". Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  2. ^ C. S. Papacostas; Panos D. Prevedouros (2001). Transportation engineering and planning. Pearson College Division. ISBN 978-0-13-081419-7. 
  3. ^ "High Speed lines in the world". Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  4. ^ 王佳烨 (2013-09-26). "China's high-speed railways exceed 10,000 km". English.eastday.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  5. ^ "La rete oggi - La rete oggi - RFI". Rfi.it. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  6. ^ "Brescia high speed line contract signed". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  7. ^ a b c "Ligne a Grande Vitesse Mediterranee (LN5)" (PDF). Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "RAIL21 - Le réseau SNCF". Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  9. ^ "트래블바이크뉴스 : 네이버 블로그". Blog.naver.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.