List of high-speed rail lines

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This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country.

High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (125 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.[1][2]

Overview[edit]

The following table gives an overview of high speed rail by country.

It shows all high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h or over) in service and under construction listed by country. Based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[3] it has been updated with other sources.

Rank Country Region In operation
(km)
Under construction
(km)
Total country
(km)
Electrification Track gauge (mm) Comment
Australia Australia Oceania 1,435
Austria Austria Europe 93 0 93 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1,435
Belgium Belgium Europe 209 0 209 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
China China[4] Asia 14,424 13,053 27,479 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Czech Republic Czech Republic Europe 1,435
Denmark Denmark Europe 5 60 65 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Finland Finland Europe 1,520
France France Europe 2,036 757 2,793 25 kV 50 Hz (partially) 1,435
Germany Germany Europe 1,334 428 1,762 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1,435
India India Asia 1,676
Iran Iran Asia 0 1,975 1,975 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Italy Italy[5][6] Europe 923 300 1,123 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV DC 1,435
Japan Japan Asia 2,664 782 3,446 25 kV 50/60 Hz 1,435
Mexico Mexico Americas 0 210 210 25 kV 60 Hz 1,435
Morocco Morocco Africa 0 350 350 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Netherlands Netherlands Europe 120 0 120 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Norway Norway Europe 64 54 118 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1,435
Portugal Portugal Europe 0 0 0 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435 Plans halted.
Russia Russia Europe 649 0 649 1,520
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Asia 0 550 550 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
South Korea South Korea Asia 412 562 974 25 kV 60 Hz 1,435
Spain Spain Europe 3,100 1,800 4,900 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
Switzerland Switzerland Europe 35 72 107 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1,435
Taiwan Taiwan Asia 345 0 345 25 kV 60 Hz 1,435
Thailand Thailand Asia 1,435
Turkey Turkey Europe and Asia 1,420 1,506 2,926 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 113 192 305 25 kV 50 Hz 1,435
United States United States Americas 0 0 0 1,435 No dedicated lines.
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Asia 344 344 1,520

Japan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Tokaido Shinkansen Tokyo - Shin-Osaka 270 km/h (285 km/h ready) 1964-10-01 515.4 km
Sanyo Shinkansen Shin-Osaka - Okayama 300 km/h 1972-03-15 100.9 km
Okayana - Hakata 1975-03-10 392.8 km
Tohoku Shinkansen Tokyo - Ueno 110 km/h (260 km/h ready) 1991-06-20 3.6 km
Ueno - Omiya 1985-11-15 27.7 km
Omiya - Utsunomiya 275 km/h 1982-06-23 77.7 km
Utsunomiya - Morioka 320 km/h 387.5 km
Morioka - Hachinohe 260 km/h 2002-12-01 96.6 km
Hachinohe - Shin-Aomori 2010-12-04 81.8 km
Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya - Niigata 240 km/h 1982-11-15 269.5 km
Hokuriku Shinkansen Takasaki - Nagano 260 km/h 1997-10-01 117.4 km
Nagano - Kanazawa construction (260 km/h ready) 2015 (expected) 228 km
Kanazawa - Tsuruga 2025 (expected) 120.7 km
Kyushu Shinkansen Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 260 km/h 2011-03-12 130 km
Shin-Yatsushiro - Kagoshima-Chuo 2004-03-13 126.8 km
Takeo-Onsen - Nagasaki construction 2022 (expected) 66.7 km
Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori - Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto construction (260 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 148.9 km
Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto - Sapporo 2035 (expected) 211.3 km

France[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
LGV Sud-Est Paris Gare de Lyon - Lyon-Perrache 300 km/h 1981 409 km
LGV Atlantique Paris Gare Montparnasse - Courtalain 300 km/h 1990 130 km
Courtalain - Tours 102 km
Courtalain - Le Mans 52 km
LGV Rhône-Alpes Lyon-Perrache - Saint-Quentin-Fallavier 300 km/h 1992 37 km
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier - Valence 1994 78 km
LGV Nord Gare du Nord - Channel Tunnel 300 km/h 1993 333 km
LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Nord - LGV Sud-Est 300 km/h 1994 57 km
LGV Méditerranée Valence - Les Angles 300 km/h[7] [7] 2001-06-10 127 km
Les Angles - Nîmes 25 km
Les Angles - Marseille 320 km/h[7] 91 km
LGV Est Paris Gare de l'Est - Baudrecourt (Part 1) 320 km/h 2007-06-10 300 km
Baudrecourt - Strasbourg (Part 2) Construction (320 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 107 km
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 320 km/h 2010-12-19 44.4 km
LGV Rhin-Rhône Eastern branch Mulhouse - Petit-Croix (Part 1) 320 km/h 2011-12-11 140 km
Petit-Croix - Dijon (Part 2) Suspended (320 km/h ready) 50 km
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique Tours - Bordeaux Construction (350 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 279 km
LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le Mans - Rennes Construction (350 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 182 km
Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier Nîmes - Montpellier Construction (220 km/h ready) 2017 (expected) 80 km
LGV Lyon–Turin Lyon - Torino Construction (220 km/h ready) 2025 (expected) 142 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Upgrade Opening Length
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Vierzon Étampes - Vierzon 200 km/h 1967 1847 134 km [8]
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Bordeaux Étampes - Bordeaux 220 km/h 1971 1861 388 km [8]
(Paris - ) Connerré - Le Mans Connerré - Le Mans 220 km/h 1990 1865 18 km [8]
Le Mans - Nantes Le Mans - Gare de Nantes 220 km/h 1990 1863 120 km [8]
Strasbourg - Mulhouse Strasbourg - Mulhouse 220 km/h 1995 1844 104 km [8]

Germany[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway Wolfsburg - Berlin 250 km/h 1998-09 258 km
Hanover–Wurzburg high-speed railway Hanover - Wurzburg 280 km/h 1991 327 km
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway Mannheim - Stuttgart 280 km/h 1991-05-09 99 km
Köln–Frankfurt high-speed rail line Cologne - Frankfurt 300 km/h 2002-08-01 180 km
Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway Nuremberg - Ingolstadt 300 km/h 2006-05-13 171 km

Spain[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Madrid–Seville Madrid Atocha - Seville Santa Justa 300 km/h 1992-04 471.8 km
Madrid–Barcelona Madrid Atocha - Figueres Vilafant 320 km/h 2013 (full length) 621 km
Madrid–Valladolid Madrid Chamartin - Valladolid-Campo Grande 300 km/h 2007 179.6 km
Córdoba–Málaga
Madrid–Levante Madrid Atocha - Valencia Central 300 km/h 2010-12-19 940 km (total)

Italy[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Florence–Rome high-speed railway Florence - Rome 300 km/h 1992 (full length)
Rome–Naples high-speed railway Rome - Naples 300 km/h 2005 (full length)
Turin–Milan high-speed railway Turin - Milan 300 km/h 2009 (full length)
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway Milan - Bologna 300 km/h 2009
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway Bologna - Florence 300 km/h 2009

United Kingdom[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
High Speed 1 Channel Tunnel - Fawkham Junction (Section 1) 300 km/h 2003-09-28 74 km
Fawkham Junction - St. Pancras (Section 2) 225 km/h 2007-11-14 39 km

Belgium[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
HSL 1 LGV Nord - Bruxelles-Sud 300 km/h 1997-12-14 88 km
HSL 2 Bruxelles-Nord - Liège-Guillemins 300 km/h 2002-12-15 64.7 km
HSL 3 Liège-Guillemins - Cologne-Aachen 260 km/h 2009-06-14 56 km
HSL 4 Antwerpen-Centraal - HSL Zuid 300 km/h 2009 40 km

China[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

inaugurated before 2008[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Shanghai Maglev Train Longyang - Pudong International Airport 430 km/h 2002-12-31 30.5 km
Qinshen PDL Qinhuangdao - Shenyang North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2003-10-12 404 km
Hening railway Hefei South - Feidong construction (250 km/h ready) 2014 (expected)
Feidong - Quanjiao 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2008-04-18 79 km
Quanjiao - Nanjing South 2011-06-30 56 km
Jiaoji PDL Qingdao - Linzi 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2008-07-20 254 km
Linzi - Jinan 2008-12-21 154 km
Jingjin ICR Beijing South - Tianjin 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2008-08-01 117 km
Hewu railway Chang'anji - Hankou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2008-12-31 359 km
Hefei South - Chang'anji construction (250 km/h ready) 2014 (expected)

inaugurated in 2009[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Shitai PDL Shijiazhuang - Taiyuan 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-01-01
Suicheng Railway Suining - Chengdu East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready)
Wenfu Railway Wenzhou South - Fuzhou South 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-07-01
Yontaiwen Railway Ningbo - Wenzhou South 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2009-09-28
Wuguang PDL Wuhan - Guangzhou North 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2009-12-26
Guangzhou North - Guangzhou South 2010-01-30

inaugurated in 2010[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Zhengxi PDL Zhengzhou West - Lintong East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-02-06
Lintong East - Xi'an North 2011-01-11
Zhengzhou East - Zhengzhou West 2012-12-26
Fuxia Railway Fuzhou South - Xiamen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-04-26
Chengguan ICR Chengdu - Qingchengshan 200 km/h (220 km/h ready) 2010-05-10
Pixian West - Pengzhou 2012
Juyuan - Lidui Park 2013-07-23
Huning ICR Shanghai - Nanjing 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-07-01
Changjiu ICR Nanchang West - Jiujiang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-09-20
Huhang PDL Shanghai Hongqiao - Hangzhou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2010-10-16
Yiwan Railway Yichang East - Lichuan 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) 2010-12-22
Changji ICR Changchun - Jilin 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2010-12-30
Hainan Eastern Ring Railway Haikou - Meilan  ? 2010-12-30
Meilan - Sanya 200 km/h (250 km/h ready)

inaugurated in 2011[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Guangzhu ICR Guangzhou South - Zhuhai North 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) 2011-01-07
Zhuhai North - Zhuhai 2012-12-31
Jinghu HSR Beijing South - Shanghai Hongqiao 300 km/h (380 km/h ready) 2011-06-30 1318 km
Guangshengang HSR Guangzhou South - Shenzhen North 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2011-12-26
Shenzhen North - Futian construction (200 km/h ready) 2014 (expected)
Futian - West Kowloon 2017 (expected) 26 km

inaugurated in 2012[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Longxia Railway Longyan - Xiamen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2012-06-28
Hanyi Railway Hankou - Yichang East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2012-07-01
Shiwu PDL Zhengzhou East - Wuhan 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-09-28
Shijiazhuang - Zhengzhou East 2012-12-26
Hebeng PDL Hefei West - Bengbu South 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-10-16
Hada PDL Harbin West - Dalian North 300 km/h (summer)
200 km/h (winter)
2013-12-01
Jingshi PDL Beijing West - Shijiazhuang 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2012-12-26

inaugurated in 2013[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Suiyu Railway Suining - Chongqing North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-01-24
Ninghang PDL Nanjing South - Hangzhou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-07-01
Hangyong PDL Hangzhou East - Ningbo 300 km/h (350 km/h) 2013-07-01
Panying PDL Panjin North - Yingkou East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-09-12
Xiangpu Railway Nanchang West - Fuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-09-26
Yongtai - Putian
Jinqin PDL Tianjin - Qinhuangdao 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-12-01
Xibao PDL Xi'an North - Baoji South 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Xiashen Railway Xiamen North - Shenzhen North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Yuli Railway Chongqing North - Lichuan 200 km/h 2013-12-28
Wuxian ICR Wuhan - Xianning South 300 km/h (350 km/h) 2013-12-28
Maozhan Railway Maoming East - Zhanjiang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Hengliu Railway Hengyang East - Liuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-28
Liunan ICR Liuzhou - Nanning East 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Nanqin Railway Nanning East - Qinzhou North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Qinfang Railway Qinzhou North - Fangchenggang 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30
Qinbei Railway Qinzhou North - Beihai 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2013-12-30

inaugurated in 2014[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Nanguang Railway Nanning East - Wuzhou south 200 km/h (250 km/h) 2014-04-18
Wuzhou South - Guangzhou South construction (250 km/h ready) 2015 (expected)
Wuhuang ICR Wuhan - Huanggang East 300 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2014-06-18
Gedian South - Daye North
Daxi PDL Taiyuan - Xi'an North 200 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2014-07-01
Datong South - Taiyuan construction (250 km/h ready) 2015 (expected)

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Hukun Railway Shanghai - Kunming 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
some sections
Guangshen Railway Guangzhou - Shenzhen 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jinghu Railway Beijing - Shanghai 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jingha Railway Beijing - Harbin 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
Jingguang Railway Beijing - Guangzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)
some sections
Zhengxu Railway Zhengzhou - Xuzhou 200 km/h (250 km/h upgraded)

South Korea[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Gyeongbu HSR Seoul - Dongdaegu 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2004-04-01 286.8 km
Dongdaegu - Busan 2010-11-01 130.7 km
Honam HSR Osong - Gwangju Songjeong 305 km/h, construction
(350 km/h ready)
2015-03 expected 182.3 km
Gwangju Songjeong - Mokpo 2018 expected
Sudogwon HSR Suseo - Jije - Pyeongtaek Junction 300 km/h 2015 expected 61.1 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Jeolla Line Iksan - Suncheon 200 km/h (230 km/h ready) 2010-10-05 145.6 km
Suncheon - Yeosu Expo 230 km/h 34.8 km
Donghae Southern Line Singyeongju Station / Junction - Pohang 2015-03 expected 200 km/h 48? km
Jungang Line Hoegi - Andong upgrading (230 km/h ready)
Wonju-Gangneung Line Wonju - Gangneung construction (250 km/h ready) 2017 expected 120.3 km

Taiwan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Taiwan High Speed Rail Banqiao - Zuoying 300 km/h 2007-01-05 332.1 km
Taipei - Banqiao  ? 2007-03-01 7.2 km
Nangang - Taipei construction 2015 (expected) 9.2 km

Netherlands[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
HSL-Zuid Amsterdam Centraal - HSL 4 300 km/h 2009-09-07 125 km

Turkey[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway Ankara Central - Eskisehir Central 250 km/h 2009-03-13 251 km
Eskisehir Central - Pendik 2014-07-25 214 km
Pendik - Haydarpasa construction (250 km/h ready) 2016 (expected) 68 km
Ankara-Konya high-speed railway Ankara Central - Konya 250 km/h 2011-08-23 306 km

Russia[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway Moscow - Saint Petersburg 250 km/h 2009-12-26 649.7 km
Trans-Siberian Railway Moscow - Nizhny Novograd 2010-07
Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg Railway Riihimäki - Saint Petersburg 220 km/h 2010-12-12

United States[edit]

Classic ugraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Speed Opening Length
Northeast Corridor Washington Union - Boston South 240 km/h 2000-12-11

References[edit]

  1. ^ General definitions of highspeed. uic.asso.fr/ November 28, 2006. Retrieved on January 3, 2007.
  2. ^ C. S. Papacostas; Panos D. Prevedouros (2001). Transportation engineering and planning. Pearson College Division. ISBN 978-0-13-081419-7. 
  3. ^ High speed lines in the world - UIC - International Union of Railways
  4. ^ China's high-speed railways exceed 10,000 km-Eastday
  5. ^ La rete oggi - La rete oggi - RFI
  6. ^ Brescia high speed line contract signed - Railway Gazette
  7. ^ a b c RT LGV Med
  8. ^ a b c d e RT Lignes SNCF