High brown fritillary

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High brown fritillary
Fabriciana adippe.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Fabriciana
Species: F. adippe
Binomial name
Fabriciana adippe
(Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Synonyms
  • Argynnis adippe

The high brown fritillary (Fabriciana adippe) is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family, native from Europe across mainland Asia to Japan. The adults fly in July/August and lay eggs near to the larval food plants which are species of violets, (similar to the pearl-bordered fritillary). The eggs are often laid in places where there are dead bracken on the ground or in areas where the underlying rock is limestone the eggs may be laid in moss overlying rocks. The mosaics are typically one-third grass and two-thirds bracken. It likes drier conditions (but not as dry as the Queen of Spain fritillary) than its more common relative Argynnis aglaja, preferring sandy or rocky hills and banks with patches of the foodplant for the larvae. It is among the first butterfly species to disappear when the vegetation becomes too lush.

F. adippe on Centaurea sadleriana

Bugle, Bramble and thistle flowers are favourite nectar sources for the adult.

The species was once widespread in the United Kingdom but has now greatly declined.[1] It has legal protection in the UK under the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside Act.[2]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "High Brown Fritillary". Butterfly Conservation. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Pocket Nature Butterflies and Moths, by Paul Sterry and Andrew Mackay, published by Dorling Kindersley 2010, ISBN 978 1 4053 4995 6