High Commission of India to the United Kingdom

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The High Commission of India to the United Kingdom is the diplomatic mission of India to the United Kingdom. It is housed in India House, London.

History[edit]

In 1919, a committee chaired by the Marquess of Crewe determined there existed the need to separate the agency work of the India Office from its other political and administrative roles, and recommended the transfer of all such work to "a High Commissioner for India or some similar Indian Governmental Representative in London." It was also felt popular opinion in India would view this as a step towards full Dominion status for India.[1] The Government of India Act that same year upheld the recommendations of the committee, making provision for "the appointment of a High Commissioner by His Majesty by Order in Council, which might delegate to the official any of the contractual powers of the Secretary of State [for India] in Council, and prescribe the conditions under which he should act on behalf of the Government of India or any Provincial Government."

On 13 August 1920, King-Emperor George V issued the required Order in Council. Until India became independent in 1947, the post was styled High Commission for India. The first High Commissioner for India was Indian Civil Service officer Sir William Stevenson Meyer; the first of Indian origin was Sir Dadiba Merwanji Dalal. The High Commissioner enjoyed the same status as his counterparts from the British Dominions.[2] Upon Indian independence, the post was given the present designation.

List of High Commissioners[edit]

High Commissioner for India (1920-1947)[edit]

[3]

High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom (1947-present)[edit]

[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chapter XV- The High Commissioner for India"
  2. ^ "Chapter XV- The High Commissioner for India"
  3. ^ Also represented British Burma until 1937, when it became a Crown Colony separate from India
  4. ^ "Chapter XV- The High Commissioner for India"
  5. ^ "Chapter XV- The High Commissioner for India"
  6. ^ "Chapter XV- The High Commissioner for India"
  7. ^ "The British Empire - India and Dependencies: Government and Constitution," pg. 113, The Statesman's Year Book, 1926, Epstein. Macmillan. London 1926
  8. ^ The Statesman's Year-Book, 71st Edition, pg 118, Macmillan & Co, 1934
  9. ^ "The British Commonwealth - India and Dependencies: Government and Constitution," pg. 110, The Statesman's Year Book, 1938, Epstein. Macmillan. London 1938
  10. ^ "The British Commonwealth - India and Dependencies: Government and Constitution," pg. 111, The Statesman's Year Book, 1942, Epstein. Macmillan. London 1942
  11. ^ "The British Commonwealth - India and Dependencies: Government and Constitution," pg. 112, The Statesman's Year Book, 1946, Epstein. Macmillan. London 1946
  12. ^ "The British Commonwealth - India and Dependencies: Government and Constitution," pg. 107, The Statesman's Year Book, 1947, Epstein. Macmillan. London 1946
  13. ^ Times of India - "Shiv Shankar Mukherjee is India's new envoy to UK"
  14. ^ Hindustan Times - "Warm farewell for Shiv Mukherjee"
  15. ^ High Commission press release on appointment
  16. ^ "Indian High Commission: Former High Commissioners of India to the United Kingdom"