|High Commission of South Africa in London
||Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DP
Balcony of South Africa House
The High Commission of South Africa in London is the diplomatic mission from South Africa to the United Kingdom. It is located at South Africa House, a building on Trafalgar Square, London. As well as containing the offices of the High Commissioner, the building also hosts the South African consulate.
South Africa House was built by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts in the 1930s on the site of a derelict hotel. The building was designed by Sir Herbert Baker, with architectural sculpture by Coert Steynberg and Sir Charles Wheeler, and opened in 1933. The building was acquired by the government of South Africa as its main diplomatic presence in the UK. During World War II, Prime Minister Jan Smuts lived there while conducting South Africa's war plans.
In 1961, South Africa became a republic, and withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations due to its policy of racial segregation. Accordingly the building became an embassy, rather than a High Commission. During the 1980s, the building, which was the only South African diplomatic building in a public area, was targeted by protestors from around the world. During the 1990 Poll Tax Riots, the building was set alight by rioters, although not seriously damaged.
The first democratic elections in South Africa were held on the 27 April 1994, and on 31 May of that year, the country rejoined the Commonwealth, 33 years to the day after it withdrew on becoming a republic. Along with country's diplomatic missions in other Commonwealth countries, the mission once again became a High Commission.
Today, South Africa House is no longer a controversial site, and is the focal point of South African culture in the UK. President Mandela appeared on the balcony of South Africa House in 1995, as part of his Official State Visit. In 2001, he Nelson Mandela also appeared on the balcony of South Africa House, to mark the seventh anniversary of Freedom Day, when the system of Apartheid ended.
 See also
- ^ Cubitts 1810 - 1975, published 1975
- ^ Palliser, David Michael; Clark, Peter; Daunton, Martin J. (2000). The Cambridge Urban History of Britain: 1840-1950. Cambridge University Press. p. 126.
- ^ Burns, Danny (1992). Poll tax rebellion. AK Press. p. 90.
- ^ Hero's welcome for Mandela at concert. BBC News. April 30, 2001.
 External links
Coordinates: 51°30′30″N 0°07′37″W / 51.5082°N 0.1269°W