High conservation value area

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A high conservation value area (HCVA) is a natural area with environmental, socioeconomic, biodiversity or landscape value, as used within forestry management certification systems. The concept was developed by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in 1999. An area of high conservation value may cover a range of conservation priorities. In order to allocate these principles, each such area is categorized as one of the following:[1]

  • Biodiversity: HCVA 1 areas contain globally, regionally or nationally significant concentrations of biodiversity values (e.g. endemism, endangered species, refugia).
  • Landscapes: HCVA 2 areas are globally, regionally or nationally significant large landscape-level areas.
  • Ecosystems: HCVA 3 areas are in or contain rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems.
  • Ecosystem Services: HCVA 4 areas have watershed protection or erosion control value.
  • Livelihoods: HCVA 5 areas are fundamental to meeting basic needs of local communities (e.g. subsistence, health).
  • Cultural identity: HCVA 6 areas are critical to local communities’ traditional cultural identity (areas of cultural, ecological, economic or religious significance identified in cooperation with such local communities).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kaechele, Karin, 'Mapping High Conservation Value Areas (HCVA) in Mato Grosso State', Instituto Centro de Vida, Brazil

External links[edit]