High Council of State (Algeria)
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The High Council of State in Algeria was a collective presidency set up by the military in January 1990 following the annulled elections in December 1991.
It originally consisted of:
- Mohamed Boudiaf (PRS)
- Ali Kafi (FLN)
- Redha Malek, Prime Minister (from July 1992)
- Major General Khaled Nezzar, Defense Minister
- Ali Haroun (FLN)
- Tedjini Haddam
Chairman of the HCS was Mohamed Boudiaf from January 16, 1992 until his assassination on June 29, 1992. He was succeeded as Chairman by Ali Kafi until the HCS was replaced by president Liamine Zéroual in January 1994.
The HCS halted Algeria's democratization, assuming an effective monopoly on politics. Presidential and parliamentary elections were resumed a few years later, when Zéroual assumed the presidency, but the military continued to wield a dominant influence over the process. The Council's policies were mostly concerned with fighting the Islamist rebellion, with mixed success.
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