High Pasture Cave
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (March 2012)|
High Pasture Cave (Gaelic: Uamh An Ard-Achaidh) is an excavation site near the settlement of Torrin on the island of Skye in Scotland. The cave system extends to about 320 metres (1,050 ft) of accessible passages.
The cave is located about one kilometer southeast of the village of Torrin, near Kilbride. The entrance of the cave lies in a narrow valley on the northern slopes of the mountain of Beinn Dùbhaich east of the Red Cuillin hills and is formed from the erosion of Durness limestone.
The cave is entered via a natural shaft some 6 metres (20 ft) deep that lead into the main cave, both of which appear to have been in use between 1200 BC and 200 BC (mid-Bronze Age to late Iron Age).
The cave system was originally excavated in 1972 by students at the University of London Speleological Society. A full-year of excavation then took place in 2003, mainly supported by Historic Scotland, and continuing project work was under the supervision of Steven Birch and Martin Wildgoose.
A wide variety of artefacts have been recovered from the cave and environs including stone, bone, antler and residues of metalworking along with well-preserved animal and fish bones.
In 2012 a piece of carved wood, thought to be the bridge of a lyre was found there. The small burnt and broken piece has been dated to 300 BC and is the earliest find of a stringed instrument in western Europe. The notches where the strings would have been placed can be easily distinguished and according to Graeme Lawson of Cambridge Music Archaeological Research the find "pushes the history of complex music [in Britain] back more than a thousand years".
- Birch, Steven A. (Spring 2004). "High Pasture Cave: A Window on Prehistory of Strath, Skye" (pdf). Teachd an Tir: 6–7. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
- "High Pasture Cave" Highland Council. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Uamh An Ard Achadh". High Pasture Cave Project. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- "Skye cave find western Europe's 'earliest string instrument'". BBC. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Delight at find of ancient lyre". (5 April 2012) Inverness. Highland News.
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