High Peak (UK Parliament constituency)

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High Peak
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of High Peak in Derbyshire.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Electorate 72,178 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Buxton, Castleton, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Glossop
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Andrew Bingham (Conservative Party (UK))
Number of members One
Created from North Derbyshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

High Peak is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Bingham, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983–2010: The Borough of High Peak; and the District of West Derbyshire wards of Bradwell, Hathersage, and Tideswell.

2010–present: The Borough of High Peak.

The constituency covers much of northern Derbyshire and represents most of the west of the Peak District which encircles Buxton and Glossop.[2] Crowden, Tintwistle and Woodhead (formerly within the boundaries of Cheshire and in the Stalybridge and Hyde constituency) were brought into the seat in the boundary changes for the 1983 general election. The constituency boundaries became co-terminous with the local government district at the 2010 general election.

Constituency profile[edit]

Areas around the Hope Valley have a Conservative majority, whereas the north western part of the constituency, in Glossop (especially the Manchester overspill estate of Gamesley), Hadfield and Tintwistle, are more Labour-inclined. Buxton is often divided between the two main parties. The seat has considerable connections with Manchester (and the Hope Valley with Sheffield), rather than the East Midlands.

History[edit]

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Since 1910 the seat has returned a Conservative MP apart from during two periods. A Labour Party representative was elected for the first time in 1966, but lost it at the next general election. Labour next won the seat at the 1997 landslide general election and held it at the other two general elections during the Blair Ministry, but it was regained by the Conservatives at the 2010 election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 William Sidebottom Conservative
1900 Oswald Partington Liberal
December 1910 Samuel Hill-Wood Conservative
1929 Alfred Law Conservative
1939 by-election Hugh Molson Conservative
1961 by-election David Walder Conservative
1966 Peter Jackson Labour
1970 Spencer Le Marchant Conservative
1983 Christopher Hawkins Conservative
1992 Charles Hendry Conservative
1997 Tom Levitt Labour
2010 Andrew Bingham Conservative

Elections[edit]

Election results for High Peak

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Bingham
Labour Caitlin Bisknell[4]
General Election 2010: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Bingham 20,587 40.9 +3.6
Labour Caitlin Bisknell 15,910 31.6 -9.5
Liberal Democrat Alistair Stevens 10,993 21.8 +2.4
UKIP Sylvia Hall 1,690 3.4 +1.2
Green Peter Allen 922 1.8 N/A
Independent Lance Dowson 161 0.3 N/A
Independent Tony Alves 74 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,677 9.3%
Turnout 50,337 69.9 +3.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 6.5%

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Levitt 19,809 39.6 -7.0
Conservative Andrew Bingham 19,074 38.2 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Marc Godwin 10,000 20.0 +3.9
UKIP Michael Schwarz 1,106 2.2 N/A
Majority 735 1.5%
Turnout 49,989 66.4
Labour hold Swing -3.9
General Election 2001: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Levitt 22,430 46.6 -4.2
Conservative Simon Chapman 17,941 37.3 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Peter Ashenden 7,743 16.1 +4.9
Majority 4,489 9.3
Turnout 48,114 65.2 -13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Levitt 29,052 50.8
Conservative Charles Hendry 20,261 35.5
Liberal Democrat Sue Barber 6,420 11.2
Referendum Party C. Hanson-Orr 1,420 2.5
Majority 8,791
Turnout 79.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: High Peak[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Hendry 27,538 46.0 +0.3
Labour Tom Levitt 22,719 37.9 +9.1
Liberal Democrat SP Molloy 8,861 14.8 −10.8
Green R Floyd 794 1.3 +1.3
Majority 4,819 8.0 −8.9
Turnout 59,912 84.6 +4.1
Conservative hold Swing −4.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Hawkins 25,715 45.67 −0.7
Labour J. McCrindle 16,199 28.8 +2.7
Social Democratic J. Oldham 14,389 25.6 −2.0
Majority 9,516 16.9 −1.9
Turnout 56,303 80.5 +2.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Hawkins 24,534 46.4 −0.1
Social Democratic David Marquand 14,594 27.6 +10.7
Labour David Wilcox 13,755 26.0 −10.6
Majority 9,940 18.8 +9.0
Turnout 52,883 78.5 −3.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Spencer Le Marchant 22,532 46.5
Labour David Bookbinder 17,777 36.7
Liberal D. Brown 8,200 16.9
Majority 4,755 9.8
Turnout 81.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Spencer Le Marchant 19,043 41.4
Labour David Bookbinder 17,041 37.1
Liberal Christopher Walmsley 9,875 21.5
Majority 2,002 4.4
Turnout 80.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Spencer Le Marchant 19,231 39.8
Labour Peter Michael Jackson 16,956 35.1
Liberal N. Scott 12,117 25.1
Majority 2,275 4.7
Turnout 85.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Spencer Le Marchant 19,558 43.7
Labour Peter Michael Jackson 18,054 40.4
Liberal Dennis Wrigley 7,119 15.9
Majority 1,504 3.4
Turnout 80.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Michael Jackson 16,938 41.3
Conservative David Walder 16,124 39.3
Liberal Dennis Wrigley 7,990 19.5
Majority 814 2.0
Turnout 84.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Walder 15,753 38.1
Labour John Roper 14,416 34.9
Liberal Dennis Wrigley 11,147 27.0
Majority 1,337 3.2
Turnout 85.3
Conservative hold Swing
High Peak by-election, 1961
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Walder 13,069
Labour Wilfred McCormack Halsall 11,201
Liberal Dennis Wrigley 10,674
Majority 1,868
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Molson 18,738 46.0
Labour Bernard Conlan 13,827 34.0
Liberal Stephen R. Cawley 8,138 20.0
Majority 4,911 12.1
Turnout 82.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Molson 19,094 48.4
Labour N. McBride 13,652 34.6
Liberal Stephen R. Cawley 6,712 17.0
Majority 5,442 13.8
Turnout 79.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Molson 21,305 49.0
Labour Wilfred McCormack Halsall 18,127 41.7
Liberal Stephen R. Cawley 4,070 9.4
Majority 3,178 7.3
Turnout 85.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Molson 19,740 45.7
Labour Wilfred McCormack Halsall 16,933 39.2
Liberal Tom Stuttard Rothwell 6,539 15.1
Majority 2,807 6.5
Turnout 85.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Molson 18,113 45.5
Labour Wilfred McCormack Halsall 15,454 38.8
Liberal Tom Stuttard Rothwell 6,230 15.7
Majority 2,659 6.7
Turnout 77.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

At the High Peak by-election, 1939, Hugh Molson was elected unopposed.

General Election 1935: High Peak
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Alfred Joseph Law 19,145 53.9
Labour R. W. Wright 9,559 26.9
Liberal L. Radcliffe 6,831 19.2
Majority 9,586 27.00
Turnout 72.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: High Peak[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Alfred Joseph Law 27,577 74.1
Labour George Bagnall 9,640 25.9
Majority 17,937 48.2
Turnout 37,217
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate[6]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Alfred Joseph Law 16,406 43.1
Liberal Robert McDougall 11,083 29.1
Labour George Bagnall 10,567 27.8 N/A
Majority 5,323 14.0
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate[6]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Samuel Hill-Wood 14,560 53.3
Liberal Robert McDougall 12,772 19.2 46.7
Majority 1,788 6.5
Turnout 27,332
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 34,896

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Samuel Hill Hill-Wood 12,162
Liberal Robert McDougall 9,432
Labour Frank Anderson 5,684
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Lady Anna Barlow
General Election 1922

Electorate 34,242

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Samuel Hill Hill-Wood 14,892 52.5 -6.3
Labour Frank Anderson 7,698 27.1 n/a
Liberal Hon. Lady Anna Barlow 5,802 20.4
Majority 7,194 25.4
Turnout 82.9 +20.6
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 33,075

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Samuel Hill Hill-Wood
12,118
Liberal Capt Clifford Brookes MD 8,504
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

General Election December 1910[7]

Electorate 12,412

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Hill Hill-Wood 5,813 50.8 +0.3
Liberal Oswald Partington 5,629 49.2 -0.3
Turnout 11,442 92.2
Majority 184 1.6 +0.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.3
General Election January 1910[8]

Electorate 12,412

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Oswald Partington 5,912 50.5 -1.1
Conservative Samuel Hill-Wood 5,806 49.5 +1.1
Majority 1.0 -2.2
Turnout 94.4 +3.3
Liberal hold Swing -1.1
High Peak by-election, 1909[9]

Electorate 11,951

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Oswald Partington 5,619 51.5
Conservative Albert Peter Anthony Profumo 5,272 48.4
Majority 347 3.2
Turnout 91.1
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1906[10]

Electorate 11,154

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Oswald Partington 5,450 53.9
Conservative Albert Peter Anthony Profumo 4,662 46.1
Majority 788 7.8 +6.0
Turnout 90.7 +4.1
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/high-peak-2015.html
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  6. ^ a b c The Constitutional Year Book 1938, p.230
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°21′N 1°51′W / 53.35°N 1.85°W / 53.35; -1.85