High Sheriff of Westmorland

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Westmorland (sometimes spelled Westmoreland) in North West England no longer exists as a county, the original core of it having merged into the modern district of Eden within the county of Cumbria.

The traditional county of Westmorland, like neighbouring Lancashire, was itself a new creation during the Middle Ages. It seems to have been treated as part of Yorkshire in the 11th century, and the eventual boundaries represented a merger between an earlier entity called Westmorland, and the Barony of Kendal, which was apparently originally considered part of the Honor of Lancaster, though it did not become part of Lancashire. Kendal is also now part of Cumbria.

The original Westmorland is sometimes referred to as Westmarieland and is later referred to as the Barony of Appleby or "Northern Westmorland".

List of High Sheriffs[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of historical High Sheriffs.

Except where separately referenced, names are taken from the website of the Public Record Office in Kew. The references given are also used throughout English archives.

Between the thirteenth century and 1849, the office of High Sheriff was hereditary, firstly granted in perpetuity by King John to Robert de Veteripont and afterwards held by the de Clifford family and then by the Earls of Thanet, until the 11th earl died with no successors. Due to the continued absence of the earlier incumbents on military service the duties would be actually be undertaken by a trusted Deputy Sheriff.

The office was finally abolished in 1974 when the shrievalty of Cumbria was established.

  • 1129. Richard filius Gerardi de Appleby.
  • 1199. Geoffrey FitzPeter
  • 1201. Geoffrey FitzPeter and Roger Bellocampo [Beauchamp] (under-sheriff?)(cf. The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmoreland and Cumberland. Vol. I)
  • 1200. William de Stuteville. D MUS 2/10/67.
  • 1202. William Stutevil and Philip Escrope (under-sheriff?)
  • 1204–1228 Robert de Veteripont (Vipont)
  • 1235 John de Vieuxpont Vipont (Hereditary Sheriff 1228–1243)
  • c. 1230. Alexander Bachucton D/WYB/2/115
  • 1241 Gilbert of Kirketon DDHV/70/1
  • 1241–43 John de Veteriponte(Hereditary Sheriff 1228–1243)
  • Robert de Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriff 1243–1242)
  • John de Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriff 1242–1264)
  • Isobella and Idomea Vieuxpont (Hereditary Sheriffs 1264-1308?)
  • mid 13th century. Roger de Stokes D/WYB/2/35
  • before 1283 Thomas de Mussegrave D/WYB/2/38
  • c. 1280–1290 William de Steynton D MUS 2/10/88
  • c. 1283–1289 Sir Richard de Medburn D/WYB/2/42
  • 1284 Michael de Hartcla D/WYB/2/116
  • 1288 Robert de Morvill D/WYB/2/43
  • 1294 Thomas de Hellebek WD D/MD 40
  • 1312 1312 Robert de Morwyll D HC 2/11/6
  • 1317 Henry de Warthecopp D/WYB/2/117
  • 1320–1322 Hugh de Louther SC 8/151/7531 (Louther also served as sheriff from October 1320 to February 1322)
  • 1322–1323 Hugh de Louther SC 8/151/7531 (Louther did hold the office from December 1322 to July 1323, and it is possible that this short term was as a result of the complaints made in this petition (List of Sheriffs, p. 150). However Louther also served as sheriff from October 1320 to February 1322)
  • c. 1323–1325 Henry de Threlkeld C 49/45/14
  • 1329 Thomas de Waryekop D/WYB/2/123
  • 1330 Nicholas de Grendon SC 8/33/1650
  • 1333–1334? Robert de Sandford D MUS 2/10/32
  • 1342 Thomas de Musgrave D/WYB/2/124
  • 1351 John de Burgham
  • 1355 Hugh de la Boure C 131/9/17
  • c. 1360 Roger Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1350–1389) SC 8/130/6466
  • Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1389–1391)
  • John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford (Hereditary Sheriff 1391–1422) (killed 1422)
  • 1380 William de Lancaster WD RY/BOX 92/53
  • 1389 Walter de Stirkeland SC 8/222/11077
  • 1402 Elizabeth Clifford SC 8/119/5945
  • 1403–1406 Thomas Warcop SC 8/23/1108 (Thomas Warcop of Lambert's Ash was sheriff between November 1403 and October/November 1406, and again (unless this is the son?) between September/October 1417 and October 1418)
  • 1406–1408 William de Thornburgh SC 8/23/1108 (sheriff between October/November 1406 and October/November 1408)
  • 1417–1418 Thomas Warcop SC 8/23/1108 (Thomas Warcop of Lambert's Ash was sheriff between November 1403 and October/November 1406, and again (unless this is the son?) between September/October 1417 and October 1418)

1800–1899[edit]

  • 1825–1832 Charles Tufton, 10th Earl of Thanet
  • 1832–1849 Henry Tufton, 11th Earl of Thanet
  • 1849: George Edward Wilson[2]
  • 1851: Edward Wilson, of Rigmaden[3]
  • 1852: Richard Burn, of Orton Hall[4]
  • 1853: John Wakefield, of Sedgwick House, Kendal[5]
  • 1854: John Wilson, of the Howe[6]
  • 1855: John Hill, of Castle Bank, Appleby[7]
  • 1856: William Wilkinson, of Warcop[8]
  • 1857: Richard Luther Watson, of Ecclerigg, Windermere[9]
  • 1858: Robert Addison, of the Friary, Appleby[10]
  • 1859: William Moore, of Grimes Hill, Kirkby Lonsdale[11]
  • 1860: Matthew Benson Harrison, of Ambleside[12]
  • 1861: William Hopes, of Brampton Crofts, Appleby[13]
  • 1862: Lt-Col. Frederic Gandy, of Heaves, Milnthorpe[14]
  • 1863: William Wilson, of High Park, near Kendal[15]
  • 1864: Matthew Thompson, of Kirkby Stephen[16]
  • 1865: Arthur Shepherd, of Shaw End, near Kendal[17]
  • 1866: Joseph Gibson of Whelprigg, Kirby Lonsdale[18]
  • 1867: Hugh Rigg, of Crossrigg Hall, Morland, Penrith [19]
  • 1868: Thomas Taylour (commonly called Lord Kenlis), of Underley Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale[20]
  • 1869: James Christopher Wilson, of Low Nook, Ambleside[21]
  • 1870: James Atkinson, of Winderwath, Templesowerby, Penrith[22]
  • 1871: William Henry Wakefield, of Sedgwick[23]
  • 1872: Frank Atkinson Argles, of Eversley, Milnthorpe[24]
  • 1873: Thomas Mason, of Kirkby Stephen[25]
  • 1874: Sir Henry James Tufton, of Appleby Castle, Bart[26]
  • 1875: James Cropper[27]
  • 1882: William Thompson, of Moresdale Hall, Kendal[28]
  • 1883: Joseph Gibson, of Whelprigg, Kirkby Lonsdale[29]
  • 1884: Christopher Wyndham Wilson, of Eigmaden, Kirkby Lonsdale[30]
  • 1885: Alfred Harris, of Lunefield, Kirkby Lonsdale[31]
  • 1886: Edward Hugh Wilson of Dallam Tower, Milnthorpe[32]
  • 1887: John Edward Hasell, of Dalemain[33]
  • 1888: William Dillworth Crewdson, of Helm Lodge, near Kendal[34]
  • 1889: Francis Markham, of Morland[35]
  • 1890: Walter James Marshall, of Patterdale Hall[36]
  • 1891: Thomas Atkinson Argles, of Eversley, Milnthorpe[37]
  • 1892: James Gandy Gandy, of Heaves, Milnthorpe[38]
  • 1893: Jacob Wakefield, of Sedgwick House, Kendal[39]
  • 1894: Colonel Joseph Withers, of Briery Close, Windermere.[40]
  • 1895: Charles Walker, of Brcttargh Holt, Kendal[41]
  • 1896: Henry Miles Radcliffe, of Summerlands, Kendal[42]
  • 1897: William Smith Paget-Tomlinson, of The Biggins, Kirkby Lonsdale[43]
  • 1898: William Stavert, of Prizett, Kendal[44]
  • 1899: Frank Maude Taylor Jones-Balme, of High Close, Ambleside[45]

1900–1974[edit]

  • 1900: Office declared vacant on bankruptcy PC 8/533
  • 1901: Maurice Bromley Wilson, of Dallam Tower, Milnthorpe[46]
  • 1902: William Hibbert Marshall, of Patterdale Hall, Penrith[47]
  • 1910: John Rankin, of New Hutton and Liverpool
  • 1920: A. M. Sing ZDEH/35/53
  • 1930: Anthony Lowther, of Clifton Hill [48]
  • 1935: Sir Arnold Somervell
  • 1953: Commander Richard Henley Torbock RN
  • 1957: Sir Robert Benson Ewbank, CSI, CIE
  • 1961: Charles Eric Wilson of Rigmaden [49]
  • 1971: James Anthony Cropper, of Tolson Hall, Kendal.[50]

References[edit]

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