High Street, Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see High Street (disambiguation).
High Street
High Street from above looking east.JPG
The High Street from St Mary's, looking east
Other name(s) The High
Postal code OX1
Location Oxford, England
Coordinates 51°45′09″N 1°15′07″W / 51.7525°N 1.252°W / 51.7525; -1.252Coordinates: 51°45′09″N 1°15′07″W / 51.7525°N 1.252°W / 51.7525; -1.252
East end Magdalen Bridge
West end Carfax
South M
Other
Known for Oxford colleges and buildings
19th century photograph of the High Street looking west with University College on the left and the spires of the University Church of St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church in the distance.
View along south side of the High Street from the Carfax end.
The University Church of St Mary the Virgin on the northern side of the High Street.
The Queen's College, also on the northern side of the High Street.
Magdalen College with its tower, at the eastern end of the High Street.
University College, on the south side of the High Street.
The Rhodes Building of Oriel College on the south side of the High Street.

The High Street in Oxford, England, runs between Carfax, generally recognized as the centre of the city, and Magdalen Bridge to the east.[1]

Overview[edit]

The street has been described by Nikolaus Pevsner as "one of the world's great streets".[2] It forms a gentle curve and is the subject of many prints, paintings, photographs, etc. The vista looking west towards Carfax with University College on the left and The Queen's College on the right is an especially popular view. There are many historical buildings on the street, including Oxford University buildings and colleges.[3] Locally the street is often known as The High.

Buildings[edit]

To the north are (west to east): Lincoln College (main entrance on Turl Street, including All Saints Church, now Lincoln College's library.), Brasenose College (main entrance in Radcliffe Square), St Mary's (the University Church), All Souls College, The Queen's College, St Edmund Hall (main entrance in Queen's Lane) and Magdalen College (including Magdalen Tower).

To the south are (west to east): Oriel College, University College (including the Boyle-Hooke plaque outside the Shelley Memorial), the Examination Schools, the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art, the Eastgate Hotel (at the original entrance to the city) and the Botanic Garden.

Commerce[edit]

Queen's Lane Coffee House (in the junction with Queen's Lane) was established in 1654 and is probably Oxford's first coffee house.

Despite an influx of chain stores in nearby Cornmarket Street, the High is home to a number of specialist independent retailers. These include Shepherd & Woodward (University outfitters), Payne & Son (goldsmiths), Sanders of Oxford (printsellers) and Waterfield's Books. To the north at the eastern end between Cornmarket and the Turl is the historic traditional Covered Market, established in 1774.

William Henry Butler, later Mayor of Oxford, was a wine merchant with premises in the High Street during the early 19th century.[4]

Edward Bracher, a pioneering Victorian photographer, had a shop at 26 High Street. Henry Taunt, another photographer, joined him as a member of staff in 1856. Taunt later returned to 41 High Street after the lease for his own shop premises in Broad Street expired in 1894.

83 High Street bears a blue plaque (10 October 2001) commemorating Sarah Cooper (1848–1932) marmalade maker, wife of Frank Cooper whose shop at 83–84 High Street was the origin of the Frank Cooper jam business (a brand now owned by Premier Foods). The company made "Oxford Marmalade" famous.

In June 1879, George Claridge Druce (also a noted botanist and later mayor of the city) moved to Oxford and set up a chemist's shop, Druce & Co., at 118 High Street. This continued until his death 1932.

The Old Bank Hotel was the first new hotel for 135 years in the centre of Oxford. Quod Brasserie is also part of the hotel, located between junctions of Oriel Street and Logic Lane.

Commentary[edit]

The architectural critic Nikolaus Pevsner wrote in 1974 that

"The High Street is one of the world’s great streets. It has everything."[5][6]

He may have been echoing Thomas Hardy's comment in Jude the Obscure:

"And there's a street in the place — the main street — that ha'n't another like it in the world."[5][7]

Adjoining streets[edit]

The following streets, also of historical significance, are off the High Street:[1]

Gallery[edit]

Panoramic view of the High Street looking south from the tower of St Mary's Church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). "The High Street and the Streets off the High Street". The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Penguin Books. pp. 306–311. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 
  2. ^ Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). "High Street". The Encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. pp. 183–185. ISBN 0-333-39917-X. 
  3. ^ Stephanie Jenkins, History of the High.
  4. ^ William Henry Butler: Mayor of Oxford, January–October 1836, Mayors of Oxford.
  5. ^ a b Stephanie Jenkins, The High - Quotations
  6. ^ Article on the street in the Oxford Mail
  7. ^ Jude the Obscure in Google Books. The comment is made by a carter describing Christminster, Hardy's pseudonym for Oxford.

External links[edit]