High forest (woodland)
High Forest is a type of forest originated from seed or from planted seedlings. In contrast to a low forest (also known as a coppice forest), a high forest usually consists of large, tall mature trees with a closed canopy. High forests can occur naturally or they can be created and/or maintained by human management. Trees in a high forest can be of one, a few or many species. A high forest can be even-aged or uneven-aged. Even-aged forests contain trees of one, or two successional age classes (generations). Uneven-aged forests have three or more age classes represented.
High forests have relatively high genetic diversity compared with coppice forests, which develop from vegetative reproduction. A high forest can have one or more canopy layers. The understory of a high forest can be open (i.e. – park-like, easy to see and walk through), or it can be dense. A high forest's understory can have high or low vegetation species diversity.
- "Dictionary of Forestry". Society of American Foresters.
- Smith, D.M. (1986). The Practice of Silviculture. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 527.
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