High jump

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For other uses, see High jump (disambiguation).
Athletics
High jump
Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Men's records
World Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) (1993)
Olympic Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
World Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) (1987)
Olympic Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without the aid of certain devices. In its modern most practiced format, auxiliary weights and mounds have been used for assistance; rules have changed over the years. Over the centuries since, competitors have introduced increasingly more effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) set in 1993, the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Rules[edit]

Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop

Jumpers must take off on one foot.

A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance . The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. If two or more jumpers tie for first place, the tie-breakers are: 1) The fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) The fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied, the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.[1]

History[edit]

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In the latter, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to modernise, starting with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors, but extending his back and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney achieved a more economic clearance and raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in).

American and Soviet jumpers held the playing field for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most economical clearance up to that time. Straddle-jumper Charles Dumas was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m) in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 334 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 212 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were: Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equaled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspects[edit]

High jump shoes[edit]

High jump shoes are different from most other track shoes in that they have much thicker soles than ordinary "sprint spikes" - in order to provide stability and comfort at take-off, although in the 1960s and early 70s, when the straddle technique still predominated, a single shoe was often worn on the take-off foot where the built-up sole would allow the free leg to swing without spikes catching the ground. There are an additional four holes in the heel of the take-off shoe, where the user can insert spikes for increased traction. The total number of spikes allowed by the IAAF can not exceed 11 in the sole, and jump shoes are normally configured with six or seven in the front, and four in the heel: spikes may not exceed 12mm in length. The four heel spikes aid greatly in the last four to five steps of the J-approach, allowing the jumper to run on his or her curve at a fast speed without slipping. The limit for the length of spikes in the shoe may not exceed 9mm in length on a synthetic track. Some high jump shoes are even more technologically developed and in addition to the extra spikes on the heel, the shoes are modified to lean the direction of the approach to provide further support while running their curve. As well as the approach, high jump shoes also help and support the jumper's takeoff. The IAAF regulations specify a maximum sole thickness for both high jump and long jump shoes; competitors in all other events may wear shoes with soles of any thickness.

The approach[edit]

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

The approach of the high jump may actually be more important than the take off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward .[2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean from the ankles on the curve and not the hips.[3] Unlike the "classic" straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their J approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall-out in mid-air.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.[4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Declaring the winner[edit]

In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his/her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie here, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, the one with the fewest number of total misses is declared the winner. If still tied a playoff is held. Starting height is the next larger height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, he is declared the winner.

  • In the table below, dashes indicate that a height was not attempted, crosses indicate failed attempts, and circles indicate a cleared height. Jumpers A and D cleared 1.99 m but failed at 2.01 m. A wins this competition having cleared the winning height with two attempts, while jumper D required three attempts. Similarly, B is ranked ahead of C having cleared the decisive height (i.e., 1.97m) in the first attempt.
Athlete 1.91 m 1.93 m 1.95 m 1.97 m 1.99 m 2.01 m Height Rank
A - - XO XO XO XXX 1.99 1st
B O - O O XXX 1.97 3rd
C O - XO XO X-- XX 1.97 4th
D - XO O XXO XXO XXX 1.99 2nd
E - - - XXX 5th

All-time top ten athletes[edit]

Men (outdoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date Ref
1 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Salamanca 27 July 1993
2 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Brussels 5 September 2014 [9]
3 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Stockholm 30 June 1987
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) New York City 14 June 2014 [10]
5 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) Kobe 4 September 1985
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Doha 9 May 2014
7 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS) Donetsk 11 August 1985
 Sorin Matei (ROM) Bratislava 20 June 1990
 Charles Austin (USA) Zürich 7 August 1991
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) London 5 August 2000
 Derek Drouin (CAN) [11] Des Moines 25 April 2014
 Andriy Protsenko (UKR) Lausanne 3 July 2014 [12]

Women (outdoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date
1 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Rome 30 August 1987
2 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Zagreb 31 August 2009
3 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) Berlin 20 July 1984
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Cheboksary 22 July 2011
5 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Eberstadt 26 July 2003
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Paris 31 August 2003
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Athens 28 August 2004
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) Berlin 14 June 2009
9 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Tamara Bykova (URS) Kiev 22 June 1984
 Heike Henkel (GER) Tokyo 31 August 1991
 Inha Babakova (UKR) Tokyo 15 September 1995
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Beijing 23 August 2008
 Chaunté Lowe (USA) Des Moines 26 June 2010

Men (indoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date Ref
1 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Budapest 4 March 1989
2 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Carlo Thränhardt (FRG) Berlin 26 February 1988
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Prague 25 February 2014 [13]
4 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Piraeus 1 February 1987
5 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Hollis Conway (USA) Seville 10 March 1991
 Stefan Holm (SWE) Madrid 6 March 2005
 Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) Arnstadt 8 February 2014
8 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) Cologne 24 February 1985
 Ralf Sonn (GER) Berlin 1 March 1991
10 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) Indianapolis 7 March 1987
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS) Indianapolis 7 March 1987
 Steve Smith (GBR) Wuppertal 4 February 1994
 Wolf-Hendrik Beyer (GER) Weinheim 18 March 1994
 Sorin Matei (ROM) Wuppertal 3 February 1995
 Matt Hemingway (USA) Atlanta 4 March 2000
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) Stockholm 15 February 2005
 Linus Thörnblad (SWE) Gothenburg 25 February 2007
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Sopot 9 March 2014

Women (indoor)[edit]

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date
1 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Arnstadt 6 February 2006
2 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Heike Henkel (GER) Karlsruhe 8 February 1992
3 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Athens 20 February 1988
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Arnstadt 6 February 2010
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Arnstadt 4 February 2012
6 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Birmingham 3 March 2007
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) Karlsruhe 15 February 2009
8 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Alina Astafei (GER) Berlin 3 March 1995
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Budapest 7 March 2004
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) Banská Bystrica 9 February 2011

Olympic medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Ellery Clark (USA)  James Connolly (USA) none awarded
 Robert Garrett (USA)
1900 Paris
details
 Irving Baxter (USA)  Patrick Leahy (GBR)  Lajos Gönczy (HUN)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Samuel Jones (USA)  Garrett Serviss (USA)  Paul Weinstein (GER)
1908 London
details
 Harry Porter (USA)  Géo André (FRA)
none awarded
 Con Leahy (GBR)
 István Somodi (HUN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Alma Richards (USA)  Hans Liesche (GER)  George Horine (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Richmond Landon (USA)  Harold Muller (USA)  Bo Ekelund (SWE)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Osborn (USA)  Leroy Brown (USA)  Pierre Lewden (FRA)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Bob King (USA)  Benjamin Hedges (USA)  Claude Ménard (FRA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Duncan McNaughton (CAN)  Bob Van Osdel (USA)  Simeon Toribio (PHI)
1936 Berlin
details
 Cornelius Johnson (USA)  Dave Albritton (USA)  Delos Thurber (USA)
1948 London
details
 John Winter (AUS)  Bjørn Paulson (NOR)  George Stanich (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Walt Davis (USA)  Ken Wiesner (USA)  José da Conceição (BRA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Charles Dumas (USA)  Chilla Porter (AUS)  Igor Kashkarov (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Robert Shavlakadze (URS)  Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)  John Rambo (USA)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Dick Fosbury (USA)  Ed Caruthers (USA)  Valentin Gavrilov (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Jüri Tarmak (URS)  Stefan Junge (GDR)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1976 Montreal
details
 Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Greg Joy (CAN)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1980 Moscow
details
 Gerd Wessig (GDR)  Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Jörg Freimuth (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1988 Seoul
details
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Hollis Conway (USA)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS)
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hollis Conway (USA)
 Tim Forsyth (AUS)
 Artur Partyka (POL)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Charles Austin (USA)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Sergey Klyugin (RUS)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Abderahmane Hammad (ALG)
2004 Athens
details
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Matt Hemingway (USA)  Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2008 Beijing
details
 Andrey Silnov (RUS)  Germaine Mason (GBR)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Erik Kynard (USA)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
 Derek Drouin (CAN)
 Robert Grabarz (GBR)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Ethel Catherwood (CAN)  Lien Gisolf (NED)  Mildred Wiley (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Jean Shiley (USA)  Babe Didrikson (USA)  Eva Dawes (CAN)
1936 Berlin
details
 Ibolya Csák (HUN)  Dorothy Odam (GBR)  Elfriede Kaun (GER)
1948 London
details
 Alice Coachman (USA)  Dorothy Tyler (GBR)  Micheline Ostermeyer (FRA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Esther Brand (RSA)  Sheile Lerwill (GBR)  Aleksandra Chudina (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Mildred McDaniel (USA)  Thelma Hopkins (GBR) none awarded
  Mariya Pisareva (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Jarosława Jóźwiakowska (POL) none awarded
 Dorothy Shirley (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Michele Brown (AUS)  Taisia Chenchik (URS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Miloslava Rezková (TCH)  Antonina Okorokova (URS)  Valentina Kozyr (URS)
1972 Munich
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)  Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT)
1976 Montreal
details
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)
1980 Moscow
details
 Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Urszula Kielan (POL)  Jutta Kirst (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Joni Huntley (USA)
1988 Seoul
details
 Louise Ritter (USA)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Alina Astafei (ROU)  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Niki Bakogianni (GRE)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Oana Pantelimon (ROU)
2004 Athens
details
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Vita Styopina (UKR)
2008 Beijing
details
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2012 London
details
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)

World Championships medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Tyke Peacock (USA)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
 Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo  Charles Austin (USA)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg  Troy Kemp (BAH)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)  Mark Boswell (CAN)  Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton  Martin Buß (GER)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis  Jacques Freitag (RSA)  Stefan Holm (SWE)  Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki  Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR)  Víctor Moya (CUB)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka  Donald Thomas (BAH)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)  Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
 Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu  Jesse Williams (USA)  Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)  Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Derek Drouin (CAN)

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo  Heike Henkel (GER)  Yelena Yelesina (URS)  Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)  Silvia Costa (CUB)  Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Alina Astafei (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens  Hanne Haugland (NOR)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
 Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Marina Kuptsova (RUS)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Chaunte Howard (USA)  Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Ariane Friedrich (GER)
2011 Daegu  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)

Athletes with most medals[edit]

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

  • 3 wins: Javier Sotomayor (CUB) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1993 & 1997
  • 3 wins: Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1987 & 1995
  • 2 wins: Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) - Olympic Champion in 1988, World Champion in 1983
  • 2 wins: Charles Austin (USA) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Iolanda Balas (ROM) - Olympic Champion in 1960 & 1964
  • 2 wins: Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) - Olympic Champion in 1972 & 1984
  • 2 wins: Heike Henkel (GER) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1991
  • 2 wins: Hestrie Cloete (RSA) - World Champion in 2001 & 2003
  • 2 wins: Blanka Vlasic (CRO) - World Champion in 2007 & 2009
  • 2 wins: Anna Chicherova (RUS) - Olympic Champion in 2012, World Champion in 2011

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 1 1 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 2 0 1 - - - 1 0 0 3 0 0 13 4 1
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5 2 1 0 0 0 - - - 7 3 1
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 1 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 7 2 1
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 6 3 2
 Lee Jin-Taek (KOR) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 - - - 1 0 1 2 0 0 6 1 1
 Igor Paklin (URS) 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Valeriy Brumel (URS) 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 4 1 0
 Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 2
 Charles Austin (USA) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 1
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 3 8 2
 Dragutin Topić (SRB) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 4
 Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 3 0 0
 Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 2 2 1
 Hollis Conway (USA) 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 3

Women[edit]

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) 1 1 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 13 2 0
 Sara Simeoni (ITA) 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 10 2 4
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO) 0 1 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 1
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA) 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6 2 0
 Heike Henkel (FRG) 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 - - - 6 1 3
 Iolanda Balaş (ROM) 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 - - - 6 1 0
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) 0 0 1 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 4
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 5 1 0
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 - - - 4 4 2
 Tamara Bykova (URS) 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 - - - 4 2 2
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 - - - 4 3 2
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 4 0 0
 Ruth Beitia (ESP) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 4
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 - - - 3 2 0
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 - - - 3 1 1
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 3 1

Season's bests[edit]

Men[edit]

Year Height Athlete Venue
1971 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in)  Pat Matzdorf (USA) Berkeley
1972 2.25 m (7 ft 412 in)  Jüri Tarmak (URS) Moscow
1973 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)  Dwight Stones (USA) Munich
1974 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in)  Dwight Stones (USA) Oslo
1975 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in)  Dwight Stones (USA) New York
1976 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)  Dwight Stones (USA) Philadelphia
1977 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)  Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) Richmond
1978 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in)i  Vladimir Yashchenko (URS) Milano
1979 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) Ottawa
1980 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)  Gerd Wessig (GDR) Moscow
1981 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)  Aleksey Demyanyuk (URS) Leningrad
1982 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) Delhi
1983 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) Shanghai
1984 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) Eberstadt
1985 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) Kobe
1986 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) Rieti
1987 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Stockholm
1988 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Salamanca
1989 2.44 m (8 ft 0 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) San Juan
1990 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Sorin Matei (ROM) Bratislava
1991 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)
 Charles Austin (USA)
 Hollis Conway (USA)
Saint-Denis
Zürich
Sevilla
1992 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)i  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) Genova
1993 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Salamanca
1994 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Seville
1995 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Mar del Plata
1996 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Charles Austin (USA) Atlanta
1997 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Athens
1998 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) Maracaibo
1999 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) Seville
2000 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) London
2001 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) Eberstadt
2002 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Jacques Freitag (RSA) Durban
2003 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in)  Aleksander Walerianczyk (POL) Bydgoszcz
2004 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)i  Stefan Holm (SWE) Stockholm
2005 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)i  Stefan Holm (SWE) Madrid
2006 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in)  Andrey Silnov (RUS)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
Monaco
Arnstadt;Moskva
Arnstadt
2007 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)i  Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Moskva
2008 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)  Andrey Silnov (RUS)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
London
Moskva
2009 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)i  Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Pireás
2010 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)i  Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Banská Bystrica
2011 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)i  Ivan Ukhov (RUS) Hustopece; Banská Bystrica; Paris-Bercy
2012 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
Cheboksary
Lausanne
2013 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) Lausanne
2014 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) Bruxelles

Women[edit]

Year Height Athlete Venue
1970 1.87 m (6 ft 112 in)  Antonina Lazareva (URS) Kiev
1971 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in)  Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT) Vienna
1972 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL) Zagreb
1973 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL) Warsaw
1974 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Rome
1975 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Nice
1976 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Dresden
1977 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Berlin
1978 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in)  Sara Simeoni (ITA) Brescia
1979 1.99 m (6 ft 614 in)  Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR) Turin
1980 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in)  Sara Simeoni (ITA) Turin
1981 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in)  Pamela Spencer (USA) Brussels
1982 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) Athens
1983 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Tamara Bykova (URS) Pisa;Budapest
1984 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) Berlin
1985 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Moscow
1986 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Sofia
1987 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Rome
1988 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Sofia
1989 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Silvia Costa (CUB)
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)
Barcelona;Pireás
1990 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)  Yelena Yelesina (URS) Seattle
1991 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Heike Henkel (GER) Tokyo
1992 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)i  Heike Henkel (GER) Karlsruhe
1993 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Fukuoka
1994 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)i  Alina Astafei (GER) Berlin
1995 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Inga Babakova (UKR) Tokyo
1996 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Atlanta
1997 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)
 Inga Babakova (UKR)
Osaka;Paris-Bercy
Fukuoka
1998 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)  Venelina Veneva (BUL) Kalamata
1999 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Monaco
2000 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in)  Monica Iagăr (ROM) Villeneuve d'Ascq
2001 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Venelina Veneva (BUL) Kalamáta
2002 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Poznań
2003 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)
Eberstadt
Saint-Denis
2004 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Athens
2005 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Sheffield
2006 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)i  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Arnstadt
2007 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Stockholm
2008 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Istanbul
Madrid
2009 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Zagreb
2010 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)i  Blanka Vlašić (CRO) Arnstadt
2011 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Anna Chicherova (RUS) Cheboksary
2012 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)i  Anna Chicherova (RUS) Arnstadt
2013 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Brigetta Barrett (USA) Des Moines
2014 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)
 Maria Kuchina (RUS)
[[Eugene, Oregon}|Eugene]]
Zurich
Stockholm
  • "i" indicates indoor performance.

Height differentials[edit]

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height.[14][15]

Men[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.59 m (1 ft 11 in) Stefan Holm 1.81 m (5 ft 1114 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Franklin Jacobs 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
3 0.58 m (1 ft 1034 in) Linus Thörnblad 1.80 m (5 ft 1034 in) 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)
Anton Riepl 1.75 m (5 ft 834 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Rick Noji 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
6 0.57 m (1 ft 1014 in) Hollis Conway 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
7 0.56 m (1 ft 10 in) Takahiro Kimino 1.76 m (5 ft 914 in) 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in)
Charles Austin 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
Sorin Matei 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)
10 0.55 m (1 ft 912 in) Robert Wolski 1.84 m (6 ft 014 in) 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in)
Hari Shankar Roy 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.25 m (7 ft 412 in)
Marcello Benvenuti 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)
Milton Ottey 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in)

Women[edit]

Rank Differential Athlete Height Mark
1 0.35 m (1 ft 134 in) Antonietta Di Martino 1.69 m (5 ft 612 in) 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)
2 0.33 m (1 ft 034 in) Kajsa Bergqvist 1.75 m (5 ft 834 in) 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)
Niki Bakoyianni 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)
4 0.32 m (1 ft 012 in) Yolanda Henry 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Emilia Dragieva 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
6 0.31 m (1 ft 0 in) Marie Collonvillé 1.63 m (5 ft 4 in) 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in)
7 0.30 m (0 ft 1134 in) Jessica Ennis 1.65 m (5 ft 434 in) 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in)
Viktoriya Seryogina 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua 1.69 m (5 ft 612 in) 1.99 m (6 ft 614 in)
Lyudmila Andonova 1.77 m (5 ft 912 in) 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)
Cindy Holmes 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)

Female two metres club[edit]

As of January 2014, 65 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in).[6][8] The following table shows the only ten countries from which more than one athlete has cleared that mark.

# Nations Athletes
16  Russia Anna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00,
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00, Mariya Kuchina 2.00
8  United States Chaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Tisha Waller 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00, Inika McPherson 2.00
 Germany Heike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00
5  Bulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00
 Ukraine Inha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00
3  Italy Antonietta Di Martino 2.04, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00 m
 South Africa Hestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré Du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00
2  Sweden Kajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01
 Cuba Silvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01
 East Germany Susanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00

National records[edit]

Updated September 2014.

Men[edit]

Nation Height Athlete Venue Date Ref
 Cuba 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) Javier Sotomayor Salamanca 27 July 1993
 Qatar 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in) Mutaz Essa Barshim Brussels 5 September 2014 [16]
 Sweden 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Patrik Sjöberg Stockholm 30 June 1987
 Russia 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) i Ivan Ukhov Prague 25 February 2014 [17]
 Germany 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) i Carlo Thränhardt Berlin 26 February 1988
 Ukraine 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in) Bohdan Bondarenko New York City 14 June 2014 [10]
 Kyrgyzstan 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in) Igor Paklin Kobe 4 September 1985
 Romania 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Sorin Matei Bratislava 20 June 1990
 United States 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Charles Austin Zürich 7 August 1991
 Canada 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in) Derek Drouin Des Moines 25 April 2014 [18]
 China 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) Zhu Jianhua Beijing 1983-06-11
 Serbia 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Dragutin Topic Belgrad 1993-08-01
 Bahamas 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Troy Kemp Nice 1995-07-12
 Poland 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Artur Partyka Eberstadt 1996-08-18
 South Africa 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in) Jacques Freitag Oudtshoorn 2005-03-05
 Azerbaijan 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in) Valeriy Sereda Rieti 1984-09-02
 United Kingdom 2.37 m (7 ft 914 in) m Steve Smith Seoul 1992-09-20
Stuttgart 1993-08-22
Robbie Grabarz Lausanne 2012-08-23 [19]
 Belgium 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Eddy Annys Ghent 1985-05-26
 Slovakia 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Jan Zvara Prague 1987-08-23
 Czech Republic 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Jaroslav Baba Rome 2005-07-08
 Bermuda 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Clarence Saunders Auckland 1990-02-01
 Bulgaria 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Georgi Dakov Brussels 1990-08-10
 Greece 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Lambros Papakostas Athens 1992-07-21
 Australia 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Tim Forsyth Melbourne 1997-03-02
 Norway 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Steinar Hoen Oslo 1997-07-01
 Israel 2.36 m (7 ft 834 in) Konstantin Matusevich Perth 2000-02-05
 France 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) Jean-Charles Gicquel Paris 1994-03-13
 Cyprus 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) Kyriakos Ioannou Osaka 2007-08-29
 Lithuania 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Rolandas Verkys Warsaw 1991-06-16
 Spain 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Arturo Ortíz Barcelona 1991-06-22
 Belarus 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Andrey Sankovich Gomel 1993-05-15
 South Korea 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Lee Jin-Taek Seoul 1997-06-20
 Algeria 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Abderrahmane Hammad Algiers 2000-07-14
 Jamaica 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Germaine Mason Santo Domingo 2003-08-09
 Botswana 2.34 m (7 ft 8 in) Kabelo Kgosiemang Addis Ababa 2008-05-04
 Italy 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Marcello Benvenuti Verona 1989-09-12
 Colombia 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Gilmar Mayo Pereira 1994-10-17
 Japan 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) Naoyuki Daigo Kobe 2006-07-02
 Uzbekistan 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Gennadiy Belkov Tashkent 1982-05-29
 Slovenia 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Rožle Prezelj Maribor 2012-06-17
 Brazil 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in) Jessé de Lima Lausanne 2008-09-02
  Switzerland 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Roland Dalhäuser Eberstadt 1981-06-07
 Tajikistan 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Oleg Palaschevskiy Bryansk 1990-08-12
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Elvir Krehmic Zagreb 1998-07-07
 Finland 2.31 m (7 ft 634 in) Mika Polku Hämeenkyrö 2000-07-22
Toni Huikuri Bratislava 2002-06-11
 Netherlands 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Wilbert Pennings Eberstadt 7 August 1999 [20]
 Peru 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Hugo Munoz Lima 1995-10-29
 Estonia 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Marko Turban Rakvere 1996-06-05
 Latvia 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Normunds Sietiņš Nurmijärvi 1992-07-20
 Ireland 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in) Adrian O'Dwyer Algiers 2004-06-24
 Iceland 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Einar Karl Hjartarson Reykjavík 2001-02-20
 Cameroon 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in) Fernand Djoumessi Bühl 19 June 2014 [21]
 Malaysia 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Lee Hup Wei Beijing 25 May 2008
 Sri Lanka 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Manjula Kumara Wijesekara Colombo 23 July 2004
Incheon 4 September 2005
 Venezuela 2.27 m (7 ft 514 in) Eure Yáñez São Paulo 4 May 2014 [22]
 Sudan 2.26 m (7 ft 434 in) Mohamed Younes Idris Abidjan 26 April 2014 [23]
 Puerto Rico 2.26 m (7 ft 434 in) Luis Castro Garbsen 18 May 2014 [24]
São Paulo 3 August 2014 [25]
 San Marino 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) Eugenio Rossi Tbilisi 21 June 2014 [26]
 Saudi Arabia 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) Nawaf Ahmad Al-Yami Salzburg 15 June 2013
 Mali 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Abdoulaye Diarra Bamako 19 May 2013
 United Arab Emirates 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Sayed Abbas Al-Alaoui Doha 10 April 2013
 Panama 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) Alexander Bowen Tegucigalpa 22 June 2014 [27]
 Trinidad and Tobago 2.12 m (6 ft 1114 in) Daniel Kashef Nashville 20 April 2013
 Suriname 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Miguel van Assen Nassau 31 March 2013

Women[edit]

Nation Height Athlete Venue Date Ref
 Bulgaria 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) Stefka Kostadinova Rome 1987-08-30
 Sweden 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Kajsa Bergqvist Arnstadt 2006-02-04
 Croatia 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in) Blanka Vlašić Zagreb 2009-08-31
 Germany 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Heike Henkel Karlsruhe 1992-02-08
 Russia 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in) Anna Chicherova Cheboksary 2011-07-22
 South Africa 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) Hestrie Cloete Paris 2003-08-31
 Ukraine 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Inga Babakova Tokyo 1995-09-15
 Belgium 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Tia Hellebaut Birmingham 2007-03-03
 United States 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in) Chaunte Lowe Des Moines 2010-06-26
 Cuba 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Silvia Costa Barcelona 1989-09-09
 Italy 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in) Antonietta Di Martino Banská Bystrica 2011-02-09
 Greece 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Niki Bakogianni Atlanta 1996-08-03
 Romania 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in) Monica Iagar Bucharest 1999-01-23
 Spain 2.02 m (6 ft 712 in) Ruth Beitia San Sebastián 2007-08-04
 Kazakhstan 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Olga Turchak Moscow 1986-07-07
 Norway 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) Hanne Haugland Zürich 1997-08-13
 Yugoslavia 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Biljana Petrović Saint-Denis 1990-06-22
 Belarus 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Tatyana Shevchik Gomel 1993-05-14
 Czech Republic 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Zuzana Hlavoňová Prague 2000-06-05
 Slovenia 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Britta Bilač Helsinki 1994-08-14
 Hungary 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) Dóra Győrffy Nyíregyháza 2001-07-26
 Poland 2.00 m (6 ft 612 in) i Kamila Lićwinko Arnstadt 8 February 2014 [28]
Sopot 22 February 2014 [29]
8 March 2014 [30]
 Uzbekistan 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Lyudmila Butuzova Sochi 1984-06-10
 Canada 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Debbie Brill Rieti 1984-09-02
 Australia 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Alison Inverarity Ingolstadt 1989-02-12
 Saint Lucia 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Levern Spencer Athens, GA 2010-05-08
 Lithuania 1.98 m (6 ft 534 in) Airinė Palšytė Kaunas 27 July 2014 [31]
 China 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Jin Ling Hamamatsu 1989-05-07
 Latvia 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Valentīna Gotovska Vilnius 1992-30-03
 Austria 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Sigrid Kirchmann Stuttgart 1993-08-21
 Moldova 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Olga Bolşova Rieti 1993-09-05
 Argentina 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Solange Witteveen Manaus 2001-05-19
 Dominican Republic 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Juana Rosario Arrendel San Salvador 2002-12-02
 Kyrgyzstan 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Tatyana Efimenko Rome 2003-07-11
 Mexico 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) Romary Rifka Xalapa 2004-04-04
 Estonia 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Anna Iljuštšenko Viljandi 2011-08-09
 Japan 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Miki Imai Yokohama 15 September 2001
 United Kingdom 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) i Katarina Johnson-Thompson Sheffield 8 February 2014 [32]
1.96 m (6 ft 5 in) Isobel Pooley Eberstadt 24 August 2014 [33]
 Ireland 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in) Deirdre Ryan Daegu 1 September 2011
 France 1.95 m (6 ft 434 in) Maryse Ewanje-Epee Göteborg 4 March 1984
 Israel 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) i Danielle Frenkel Paris 5 March 2011
 Vietnam 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Bui Thi Nhung Bangkok 4 May 2005
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Amra Temim Varaždin 1987-08-15
 Serbia 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Amra Temim Thessaloniki 1988-09-16
 Netherlands 1.94 m (6 ft 414 in) Nadine Broersen Zürich 14 August 2014 [34]
 Turkey 1.93 m (6 ft 334 in)[35] Candeğer Oğuz Istanbul 2004-05-16
 Brazil 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Orlane dos Santos Bogotá 1989-08-11
 Finland 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Hanna Mikkonen Tampere 12 June 2005
 Cyprus 1.92 m (6 ft 312 in) Leontia Kallenou Lexington 17 May 2014 [36]
 Bahamas 1.87 m (6 ft 112 in) i Saniel Atkinson Grier Nashville 24 January 2014 [37]
Blacksburg 8 February 2014 [38]
 Iran 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) Sepideh Tavakkoli Incheon 28 September 2014 [39]
 Morocco 1.80 m (5 ft 1034 in) Ghizlane Siba Warri 30 March 2013
Reims 5 May 2013
Villeneuve d'Ascq 19 May 2013
 Malaysia 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Yap Sean Yee Hanoi 27 June 2013
Shabana Khanum Jalal Din Bangkok 5 May 2005
 Ethiopia 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Ariyat Dibow Ubang Marrakech 12 August 2014 [40]
 Curaçao 1.70 m (5 ft 634 in) Sharyaane Gijsbertha Nassau 1 April 2013 [41]
 Suriname 1.60 m (5 ft 234 in) Deborah Galon Willemstad 10 March 2013
Nassau 1 April 2013 [41]
 Guinea 1.60 m (5 ft 234 in) Fatoumata Balley Bruay-la-Buissière 19 May 2013
 Oman 1.50 m (4 ft 11 in) Buthayna Ayed Al-Yacoobi Debrecen 11 July 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] iaaf rules
  2. ^ Straddle Technique
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  6. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  7. ^ High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ a b High Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/sports/others/justin-gatlin-rolls-back-the-years-as-tyro-barshim-basks_1465688.html
  10. ^ a b "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7'10 ½"
  12. ^ "High Jump Results". Diamond League - Lausanne. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  13. ^ [4]. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
  14. ^ High Jump Differentials
  15. ^ 50 cm club - Alltime list in jump above own height
  16. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Phil Minshull (24 February 2014). "Ukhov stock continue to rise as the russian jumps 2.42 in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Derek Drouin sets Canadian record in high jump, clears 2.40 metres". www.montreal.ctvnews.ca. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "High Jump Results". IAAF. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Athlete profile for Wilbert Pennings". IAAF. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  21. ^ "Kameruner Djoumessi Sieger des Hochsprungmeetings in Bühl" (in German). www.tagblatt.de. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  22. ^ Carmen Aular (6 May 2014). "Entre líneas deportivas del CNP Caracas" (in Spanish). www.cnpcaracas.org. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  23. ^ "ATHLETISME : Meeting Gabriel Tiacoh d’Abidjan 2014 Les ivoiriens survolent les débats.". www.senesport.info. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Garbsen (Germany), 18.5.2014 –Springermeeting". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. May 18, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  25. ^ "High Jump Results". CBAt. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "ETCH3L High Jump results". tbilisi2014.com. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  27. ^ "Central American Championships 2014 Results". www.atletismocadica.org. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  28. ^ Phil Minshull (8 February 2014). "Ukhov and Dmitrik clear 2.40m in Arnstadt, but the Olympic champion gets the verdict". IAAF. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  29. ^ "HMP 2014: rekordowe 2.00 Lićwinko, 5.72 Sobery" (in Polish). PZLA. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "High Jump Results Summary". IAAF. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "Kaunas (Lithuania), 26-27.7.2014 –National Championships-". www.trackinsun.blogspot.de. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  32. ^ "High Jump Results". British Athletics. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "Isobel Pooley breaks British outdoor high jump record". www.athleticsweekly.com. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  34. ^ "Heptathlon - High Jump Results". European Athletics. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  35. ^ Website of Turkish Athleticism Federation
  36. ^ "High Jump Result". www.directathletics.com. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  37. ^ "Vanderbilt Invitational 2014 Results". www.cfpitiming.com. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  38. ^ "Doc Hale Virginia Tech Elite 2014 Results". www.virginiasports.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  39. ^ "Heptathlon High Jump Results". www.incheon2014ag.org. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  40. ^ "African Championships Day 3 Results". www.marrakech2014.com. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  41. ^ a b "CARIFTA Games 2013 Results". www.bah.milesplit.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 

External links[edit]