Highbridge Reservoir received water from a portion of the Croton Aqueduct system. It was located on Amsterdam Avenue between 172nd Street and 174th Street, in Upper Manhattan adjacent to the High Bridge Water Tower and the High Bridge across the Harlem River Valley. The reservoir covered about 7 acres (28,000 m2), was 16 feet (4.9 m) deep, and had a total capacity of 10,794,000 US gallons (40,860,000 L).
In 1863, the New York Legislature authorized construction of the reservoir and water tower to supply water pressure to buildings located at high elevations in the surrounding area. The project was designed by John B. Jervis, the chief engineer of the Croton Aqueduct. Construction began in 1866 and was completed in 1872. Steam engines pumped water up from the aqueduct approximately 100 feet (30 m) into the reservoir and then pumped it another 200 feet (61 m) to the top of the water tower in to a tank with a capacity of 47,000 US gallons (180,000 L). 
By 1934, the reservoir had not been used for fifteen years and was proposed by New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation Commissioner, Robert Moses, as the site of a new park. In the spring of 1934, Highbridge Reservoir was taken over by the Office of Parks for the construction of the Highbridge Play Center of Highbridge Park, including an outdoor swimming pool.
- "Highbridge Removal". New York Times. August 12, 1917. p. RE2. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
- Wegmann, Edward (1896). The Water-Supply of the City of New York. 1658-1895. New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 76–77. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- Gray, Christopher (October 9, 1988). "The High Bridge Water Tower; Fire-Damaged Landmark To Get $900,000 Repairs". New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- High Bridge Reservoir by Sarah Morrison/ February 28, 2011
- "2 Reservoir Sites to Serve as Parks". New York Times. April 4, 1934. p. 23. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
- "Moses to Get Two Unneeded Reservoirs As Sites for Stadium and Swimming Pool". New York Times. April 5, 1934. p. 23. Retrieved February 17, 2010.