List of universities in Finland

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Institutions of higher education are designated universities by Finnish legislation.[1] Only these universities have the right to confer the degrees in the categories alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (Bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (Master's degree) and doctoral degrees.[2]

In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education, the ammattikorkeakoulu/yrkeshögskola, which is variously translated as polytechnic or as a University of Applied Sciences (see a list of polytechnics in Finland). The polytechnics have the right to confer degrees in categories ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees are classified as Bachelor's and Master's degrees.[3]

Universities[edit]

Multidisciplinary universities[edit]

The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):

No Name Logo Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 University of Helsinki University of Helsinki.svg 1640 Public Helsinki 36500 9000
2 Åbo Akademi University Åbo Akademis sigill.svg 1918 Public Turku 7941 1127
3 University of Turku University of Turku.svg 1920 Public Turku, Pori 20090 3500
4 University of Tampere University of Tampere.svg 1925 Public Tampere, Pori 15884 1967
5 University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylän yliopisto.png 1934 Public Jyväskylä 15000 2700
6 University of Oulu University of Oulu.svg 1958 Public Oulu 15880 2868
7 University of Vaasa University of Vaasa.svg 1968 Public Vaasa 5000 425
8 University of Lapland University of Lapland.svg 1979 Public Rovaniemi 5445 647
9 University of Eastern Finland University of Eastern Finland.svg 2010 Public Joensuu, Kuopio, and Savonlinna 15000 2800
10 Aalto University Aalto University logo.svg 2010 Public Espoo and Helsinki 19683 4985

Specialised universities[edit]

In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:

No Name Logo Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 Hanken School of Economics Hanken logo.svg 1909 Public Helsinki, Vaasa 2200 170
2 Lappeenranta University of Technology 1969 Public Lappeenranta 6900 960
3 Tampere University of Technology Tampere University of Technology logo.png 1972 Public Tampere, Pori 9904 1463
4 National Defence University MpKK joukko-osastotunnus.svg 1993 Public Helsinki 850 350
5 University of the Arts Helsinki University of the Arts Helsinki logo.svg 2013 Public Helsinki 2100 600

The National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors.[4] The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag (558/2009). 1 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  2. ^ http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/1998/19980464 Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 1 and 8 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  3. ^ http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/1998/19980464 Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 3 and 10 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  4. ^ Finnish Council of University Rectors. Member Universities. Retrieved 10-3-2007.