List of universities in Finland

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Institutions of higher education are designated universities by Finnish legislation, most importantly, the University Act (Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag, 558/2009).[1] According to the decree on the System of the degrees of higher education (Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem, 464/1998), only these universities have the right to confer the degrees in the categories alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (Bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (Master's degree) and doctoral degrees.[2]

In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education, the ammattikorkeakoulu/yrkeshögskola, which is variously translated as polytechnic or as a University of Applied Sciences. These institutions are listed in the article List of polytechnics in Finland. The polytechnics have the right to confer degrees in categories ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees are classified as Bachelor's and Master's degrees.[3]


Multidisciplinary universities[edit]

The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):

No Name Logo Established date Type Location Students Administrative staff
1 University of Helsinki University of Helsinki.svg 1640 Public Helsinki 36500 9000
2 Åbo Akademi University Åbo Akademis sigill.svg 1918 Public Turku 7941 1127
3 University of Turku University of Turku.svg 1920 Public Turku 20090 3500
4 University of Tampere University of Tampere.svg 1925 Public Tampere 15884 1967
5 University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylän yliopisto.png 1934 Public Jyväskylä 15000 2700
6 University of Oulu University of Oulu.svg 1958 Public Oulu 15880 2868
7 University of Eastern Finland University of Eastern Finland.svg 2010 Public Joensuu, Kuopio, and Savonlinna 15000 2800
8 University of Vaasa University of Vaasa.svg 1968 Public Vaasa 5000 425
9 University of Lapland University of Lapland.svg 1979 Public Rovaniemi 5445 647
10 Aalto University Aalto University logo.svg 2010 Public Espoo and Helsinki 19683 4985

Specialised universities[edit]

In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:

Unlike the other schools in this list, the National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors.[4] The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag (558/2009). 1 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  2. ^ Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 1 and 8 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  3. ^ Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 3 and 10 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
  4. ^ Finnish Council of University Rectors. Member Universities. Retrieved 10-3-2007.