Higher education in Hong Kong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Higher Education in Hong Kong means any education higher than secondary education, including professional, technical, and academic. It is the highest level of education in Hong Kong, regulated under the Hong Kong Law.

Institutes[edit]

Statutory universities[edit]

Statutory universities are those educational institutes who gained approval from the Chief Executive-in-Council, and then make into law by the Legislative Council. To date, there are eight statutory universities in total, which are funded by University Grants Committee except The Open University of Hong Kong (as a self-financing institution at present) : (Listed in the order of date of granted full university status)

It was a common misconception that The Hong Kong Institute of Education is a university-by-law as it provides degree programmes and it is Government-funded. Such misconception was mostly affected by JUPAS, which unites almost all of the University Grants Committee-funded-degrees admissions since 1991 and providing solely Government-funded-programmes until 2006. The uses of "八大" by media, which can both mean "eight (government-funded) universities" or "eight (government-funded) Tertiary Institutes (providing degrees)" in Chinese further confuses the matter.

For local secondary school students, the JUPAS is the main stream for entering the universities listed above.

Statutory institutes[edit]

Statutory institutes are those educational institutes who gained approval from the Chief Executive-in-Council, and then make into law by the Legislative Council. To date, there are two statutory institutes in total: (Listed in the order of date of founding)

The HKIEd, though still yet to be university-by-law, they are one of the member institutes of UGC and they participate in JUPAS like other UGC-funded universities.

Approved post secondary colleges[edit]

Approved post secondary colleges are educational institutes registered under the Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance (Cap. 320). This kind of colleges are allowed to give out academic awards at Bachelor degree level or above as well as to include the Chinese words ″學院″ or ″大學″, or the English word ″University″ in the registration name with prior approval from the Chief Executive-in-Council. To date, there are five post-secondary colleges in total:

Vocational Training Council member institutions[edit]

Vocational Training Council member institutions like Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education (IVE) are formed and operated by the Vocational Training Council in accordance with the Vocational Training Council Ordinance (Cap. 1130).

General institutes[edit]

The following educational institutes are formed under the Education Ordinance (Cap. 279), approved by the Permanent Secretary for Education to offer higher educations, and acquired accreditation by the Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications for their academic awards up to sub-degree (i.e. higher diploma, associate degree) level.

Other universities[edit]

Savannah College of Art and Design of Hong Kong is a campus from a USA-based university.

Details[edit]

Based on the above information, ranking by status and the date of founding.

Institution Category Type Funded by Accreditation status Academic awards
(Honorary degree excluded)
The University of Hong Kong (HKU) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
The Open University of Hong Kong (OUHK) Statutory university Public Self Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
Lingnan University (LU) Statutory university Public UGC Self-accredited Subject to legal regulations
Hong Kong Shue Yan University (HKSYU) Approved Post Secondary College Private Self Programme Area Accreditation Master degree or below
The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts Statutory institute Public Public Programme Area Accreditation Master degree or below
The Hong Kong Institute of Education (HKIEd) Statutory institute Public UGC Self-accredited
(only in teacher training programmes)
Subject to legal regulations
Caritas Institute of Higher Education Approved Post Secondary College Private Self HKCAAVQ Bachelor degree or below
Chu Hai College of Higher Education Approved Post Secondary College Private Self HKCAAVQ Bachelor degree or below
Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education (IVE) Vocational Training Council member institution Public Public Programme Area Accreditation Higher Diploma or below
Caritas Bianchi College of Careers General institute Private Self HKCAAVQ Associate degree or below
Hong Kong Institute of Technology General institute Private Self HKCAAVQ Associate degree or below
Hong Kong College of Technology General institute Private Self HKCAAVQ Sub-degree or below
Hang Seng Management College Approved Post Secondary College Private Self HKCAAVQ Bachelor degree or below
Tung Wah College Approved Post Secondary College Private Self HKCAAVQ Bachelor degree or below

Note:

  • UGC is abbreviation of University Grants Committee
  • HKCAAVQ is abbreviation of Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications(formerly HKCAA)
  • Programme Area Accreditation means the programme operator can operate specific programmes at designated subject areas and academic levels during specific period, granted and reviewed by HKCAAVQ, which prior notice and individual accreditation to HKCAAVQ are not required.
  • Honour Diploma (academically equivalent to Higher diploma and Associate degree in Hong Kong, and equivalent to Bachelor degree in some countries) was an academic award issued by colleges or institutes before they were granted full university status, such as HKBU, LU and SYU. It is no longer awarded nowadays.

Further reading[edit]

  • French, N.J., (1999). The Reform of Higher Education in Hong Kong. In C.B. Teather (ed) Higher Education in a Post-binary Era: National Reforms and Institutional Responses (pp. 158–180) London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 1999.
  • Mok, K.H. (2001). Academic Capitalisation in the New Millennium: The Marketisation and Corporatisation of Higher Education in Hong Kong. Policy & Politics, 29(3), 299-315
  • Postiglione, G.A. (2002). The Transformation of Academic Autonomy in Hong Kong. In M.K. Chan and A.Y. So (eds.) Crisis and Transformation in China’s Hong Kong (pp. 307–321). London : M.E. Sharpe.
  • Shive, G. (1992). Educational Expansion and the Labour Force. In G.A. Postiglione (ed) Education and Society in Hong Kong: Toward One Country and Two Systems (pp. 215–234). Hong Kong: HKU Press.
  • Sutherland, S. (2002). Higher Education in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Research Grant Council.
  • Tang, H.H. (2010). "Higher Education Governance and Academic Entrepreneurialism in East Asia: The Two Episodes of Hong Kong and Macau". Research Studies in Education 8: 106-124. (ISBN 978-988-19820-1-8).
  • University Grants Committee. (1996). Higher Education in Hong Kong: A Report by the Universities Grants Committee. Hong Kong: Government Printer.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]