Highgate tube station

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This article is about the present-day tube station. For the station known from 1907 to 1939 as Highgate, from 1939 to 1941 as Archway (Highgate), and from 1941 to 1947 as Highgate (Archway), see Archway tube station.
Highgate London Underground
Highgate station entrance Priory.JPG
Entrance facing east on Priory Gardens
Highgate is located in Greater London
Highgate
Highgate
Location of Highgate in Greater London
Location Highgate
Local authority London Borough of Haringey[1]
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 4.98 million[2]
2011 Steady 4.98 million[2]
2012 Decrease 4.76 million[2]
2013 Decrease 4.64 million[2]
Key dates
1867 Opened as GNR station]])
1941 Opened Northern line platforms)
1954 Closed ex-GNR platforms
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°34′40″N 0°08′45″W / 51.5777°N 0.1458°W / 51.5777; -0.1458

Highgate station is a current London Underground tube station, and former railway station, on Archway Road, in the London Borough of Haringey in north London.[1] The station takes its name from the nearby Highgate Village. It is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern line, between Archway and East Finchley stations and is in Travelcard Zone 3.[3]

Highgate station was originally opened in 1867 as part of the Great Northern Railway's line between Finsbury Park and Edgware stations. The London Underground started serving the station in 1941,[4] using new low level platforms, as part of their only partially completed Northern Heights plan. The platforms on the original railway line still exist, but were last used in 1954, and the section of the line through them to Finsbury Park was lifted by 1972. One of the original 1867 station buildings still exists, and is in use as a private house.[5]

History[edit]

Original station[edit]

View looking north-west
Ordnance survey map
Highgate station around 1870

Highgate station was originally constructed by the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway in the 1860s on its line from Finsbury Park station to Edgware station. Before the line was opened it was purchased in July 1867 by the larger Great Northern Railway (GNR), whose main line from King's Cross ran through Finsbury Park on its way to Potters Bar and the north. The railway to Edgware opened on 22 August 1867, and a branch to High Barnet station opened on 1 April 1872.[6]

Because of the hilly terrain, the station was built in a deep cutting excavated from Highgate Hill adjacent to Archway Road. Tunnels penetrated the hillside at each end of the station, leading to East Finchley to the north and Crouch End to the south. As built the station had two side platforms, with three tracks between them and a station building on the south side. A footbridge linked the two platforms.[5]

A branch line was constructed from Highgate to Alexandra Palace by the Muswell Hill Railway (MHR) and opened on 22 May 1872.[6] The new branch split from the original route north of the station in a wide arc around Highgate Wood. The next station on the branch line when it opened was Muswell Hill, and in 1902 an intermediate station opened at Cranley Gardens.[6]

In the 1880s, the station was rebuilt, with two tracks flanking a central island platform instead of the two side platforms. The island platform was accessed from a ticket office in the middle of the footbridge.[5]

In 1911, the MHR branch was taken over by the GNR.[6] After the 1921 Railways Act created the Big Four railway companies, the GNR became part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) in 1923.

Northern Heights project[edit]

Edgware Highgate & London Railway, 1900. The route to be absorbed into the Northern line

In 1935, the London Passenger Transport Board announced a proposal, which became known as the Northern Heights project, to take over the ex-GNR lines to Edgware, Barnet and Alexandra Palace, and link them to both the Northern line at Highgate and to the Northern City line at Finsbury Park. The construction of the first phase of this project involved extending tube train services from the Northern line's previous terminus at Archway station (then called Highgate), through a new section of paired tunnels under Highgate station to emerge just to the south of East Finchley station, where track connections to the ex-GNR line were made.[5]

In order to provide interchange between the Northern line services and services on the existing line from Finsbury Park, a new concourse was constructed immediately beneath the existing station, with entrances from both the south (on Archway Road) and the north (on Priory Gardens). This concourse replaced the previous footbridge, and connected to the existing island platform by a staircase and new platform buildings. The concourse was also linked by escalators to new platforms on the Northern line extension below the station. Services through the tunnel to East Finchley started operating on 3 July 1939 although they did not stop at Highgate until 19 January 1941.[4][5]

Because of the outbreak of the second world war, further works to complete the electrification of the ex-GNR lines and connect them to the Northern City line were postponed. The upper platforms at Highgate continued to be served by steam trains.[5]

An unusual relic of the abortive plan to incorporate the upper platforms into the Underground system was the numbering of the tube level platforms as 3 and 4 until the 1990s.[citation needed]

Wartime and after[edit]

Abandoned upper platforms.

LNER trains continued to serve the upper platforms, with services to East Finchley continuing until 2 March 1941. After that date LNER trains operated between Finsbury Park and Alexandra Palace only. Because the connection between the ex-GNR lines and the new tube lines was to the north-west of the junction with the Archway branch, that branch could only be served by trains running off the line from Finsbury Park.[4][5][6]

During World War II Highgate tube station was used, as many were, as a shelter from the bombing of London by the Luftwaffe, and latterly V-1 and V-2 bombs. The entertainer Jerry Springer was born at the tube station in 1944.[7]

After the war, maintenance works and reconstruction of war damage on the existing network had the greatest call on London Underground funds. Funds for new works were severely limited and the priority was given to the completion of the Central line extensions to West Ruislip, Epping and Hainault. Despite being shown as under construction on underground maps as late as 1950, work never restarted on the unimplemented parts of the Northern Heights project.[5]

After a temporary closure between October 1951 and January 1952, British Railways (the successor to the LNER) ended passenger services between Finsbury Park and Alexandra Palace permanently on 3 July 1954. The Alexandra Palace branch closed completely in 1957, but the link from Finsbury Park to East Finchley remained open to freight traffic until 1964, with British Rail freight trains to High Barnet and Edgware passing through the upper platforms at Highgate. Even after freight traffic had ceased, the line continued to be used to transfer tube stock to and from the Northern City line, with the stock being pulled over the unelectrified lines by battery locomotives. This ceased in 1970 because of the poor condition of some of the intermediate bridges, and the track was lifted through the upper platforms in 1972. Much of the route between Finsbury Park and Alexandra Palace now forms part of the Parkland Walk, although this bypasses the station site for safety reasons.[5][6][8]

The unfulfilled plans for the station involved a much more substantial station building than the inconsequential structures that were eventually built. A large building at the top of the hill would have been the main entrance with dual escalators in a stepped enclosure down to the level of the surface platforms where a secondary entrance would have provided access from the car park. The building would have been topped by a statue of Dick Whittington and his cat by Eric Aumonier who created the Archer statue at East Finchley. The current buildings were built on a much more modest scale and the escalator link to the high level exit was not built until 1957. This link is housed in a concrete box built up the side of the hill but was never completed as intended and no down escalator was ever installed although the foundations for it were completed.[citation needed]

Today[edit]

Southbound Northern line platform looking north.

The station contains two tube platforms, one in each direction and each in its own separate tunnel. The platforms are accessed from a concourse situated immediately below the disused surface platforms. This concourse has entrances and exits from both the south and north sides of the station. The southern entrance and exit is by stairs to/from the station car park, which in turn is linked by ramp and staircase to Archway Road. There is also an exit from the concourse directly to Archway Road by escalator by way of a single unidirectional escalator (an exit-only escalator).[9] The northern entrance and exit is by stairs from Priory Gardens, and is also linked by a ramped path to Muswell Hill Road.

The station is unusual in having platforms long enough to accommodate nine-car trains, being built to this length in anticipation of future extensions at other stations.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

Northbound trains normally operate to either High Barnet or Mill Hill East stations, although they can terminate at other intermediate points. Mill Hill East is the current terminus of the former Edgware branch of the GNR, the remainder of the line to Edgware being another victim of the abandonment of the later stages of the Northern Heights project, and the current Edgware branch of the Northern line operates via a different route and does not serve Highgate. Southbound trains may operate through central London via either the Charing Cross or Bank branches of the Northern line, to various terminal points. Common terminal points are Kennington station, where the two branches reunite after their different routes across central London, or Morden station, the furthest point reached by the Northern line in south-west London.[3][10] Occasionally, trains can also terminate at Tooting Broadway.

Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 3–7 minutes between 06:09 and 00:18 in both directions.[11][12]

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 43; 134;[13] 143; 234 and 263,[13][14] school route 603[14] and night route N20[13][14] serve bus stops near the station. Furthermore, bus routes 43 and 134 has a 24-hour bus service.[14]

In popular culture[edit]

The disused platforms and tunnels have sometimes been used for filming and have appeared in several productions, notably the feature film Paperhouse, the TV series Messiah and the Steven Wilson music documentary film Insurgentes.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Map of London Boroughs". Google. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Tube map". Transport for London. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Highgate Station". Disused stations. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Clive's Underground Line Guides - Northern Line". Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Nathan, John (2 July 2009). "Interview: Jerry Springer". Jewish Chronicle Online. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Parkland Walk". London Borough of Islington. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Avoiding Stairs Tube Guide". Transport for London. December 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Highgate Underground Station - Tube". Transport for London. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Highgate Underground Station to East Finchley Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Highgate Underground Station to Archway Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c "Highgate Underground Station - Bus". Transport for London. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Buses from Highgate Station (Highgate Wood)". Transport for London. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

  Current Services  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
towards Morden or Kennington
  Former Services  
Cranley Gardens
towards Alexandra Palace
  EH&LR
Alexandra Palace Line
  Crouch End
via Finsbury Park and King's Cross
towards Moorgate
East Finchley
towards High Barnet or Edgware
  EH&LR
Edgware Line
 
  Abandoned Northern Heights Extension  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
towards Moorgate