Highgrove House is the country home of Prince Charles, in Gloucestershire, England. Situated at Doughton, southwest of Tetbury, Highgrove House was purchased in 1980 by the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy also manages the estate surrounding the house.
The Crawley-Boevey Baronetcy (originally Barrow Baronetcy), termed "of Highgrove in the County of Gloucester", was created on 22 January 1784. The family had inherited Flaxley Abbey in 1727, which was their seat until 1960. Highgrove House was built in 1796 to 1798 by John Paul Paul, and believed to have been designed by architect Anthony Keck. The estate itself came to the family through the marriage in 1771 of Josiah Paul Tippetts later Paul (his mother's family name, which he adopted under the terms of the will of his uncle, her brother) with Mary Clark, whose father Robert was the local squire. It belonged to Paul's descendants until 1860. In 1850 his grand daughter Mary Elizabeth Paul died after her gown caught fire during a soiree held for her brother in the ballroom. The house was sold again in 1864 to a lawyer, William Yatman. During his time at Highgrove Yatman was described as one of the "chief preservers of foxes" in an 1872 discussion on the Duke of Beaufort's hounds. It was restored in 1894 by new owners after another fire gutted the interior and damaged the west façade, where a window collapsed onto the terrace, bringing down the wall above. It has four reception rooms, nine main bedrooms, a nursery wing and staff quarters. The Duchy of Cornwall acquired Highgrove House from the MP Maurice Macmillan, son of former Tory Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in 1980.
The house was redecorated by Dudley Poplak, the interior decorator who also worked on the Prince and Diana, Princess of Wales's apartment at Kensington Palace, and the royal couple moved into Highgrove in the autumn of 1981, using it as a weekend house. In 1988, the plain exterior of the house was embellished with new balustrade, pediment, and classical pilasters to the Prince of Wales's own design. A new single-storey staff annexe was also added. The family spent weekdays at Kensington Palace and weekends at Highgrove, where Prince William and Prince Harry's ponies were kept.
A keen gardener, the Prince of Wales has devoted much time to planning and designing the gardens. He has created a wild garden, a formal garden and a walled kitchen garden. He has also planted a large number of trees in the grounds, and holds the NCCPG national beech collection. He placed a bust of Dr Alan McGlashan, MC, in the garden.
In 1980 the Prince of Wales was especially drawn to the 200-year old Highgrove Cedar of Lebanon to the west of the house. After the diseased tree had to be felled in 2007 for safety reasons, a new oak pavilion with church-like spire was constructed over the base of the tree. The organic design by Mark Hoare has a rustic cruck frame on Cotswold staddle stones.
The Head Gardener is Debs Goodenough, who in July 2008 replaced David Howard. Charles was initially assisited in his creation of Highgrove's gardens by Miriam Rothschild. He was further assisted by Lady Sailsbury, who had restored the gardens of Hatfield House, and Rosemary Verey.
The Highgrove Estate consists of parkland fringed by woods surrounding Highgrove House, a number of farm buildings and around 900 acres (364ha) of land farmed by the Duchy of Cornwall – the Home Farm. The beef herd based at Highgrove includes pedigree Aberdeen-Angus females and yearlings, Angus bulls and Angus cross Friesian cows. Sharing the permanent pasture with the beef herd is the flock of Masham and Mule sheep. The estate backs onto the grounds of Westonbirt Arboretum.
In 1985, organic farming was introduced on three blocks of land as part of a move to what has been called biologically sustainable farming linked to conservation. The step to full organic status on the whole estate was completed in 1996.
Guided tours of Highgrove Garden are available to pre-booked individuals, and groups of up to 26. All visitors must supply photo ID checked by police before entry.
The gardens were the source of inspiration for the British composer Patrick Hawes when he was asked to write a piece of music for the Prince of Wales' 60th birthday in 2008. The resultant piece entitled Goddess of the Woods was first performed on the Prince's birthday in the Floral Hall of Covent Garden Opera House. Three further movements ensued to create the "Highgrove Suite" each depicting different areas of the gardens at Highgrove. The suite was premiered at Highgrove on 8 June 2010 with the royal harpist Claire Jones and the Philharmonia orchestra.
Books by Charles, Prince of Wales on Highgrove and its gardens:
- Highgrove: An Experiment in Organic Gardening and Farming. (with Charles Clover) Photography by Andrew Lawson. 1993, New York City: Simon & Schuster. Hardcover: ISBN 0-671-79177-X.
- Highgrove: Portrait of an Estate. (with Charles Clover) Photography by Andrew Lawson. 1996, Orion. ISBN 978-1855926103
- The Garden at Highgrove. (with Candida Lycett Green) Photography by Andrew Lawson and Christopher Simon Sykes. 2001, London: Cassell & Co. Paperback: ISBN 978-0297825449
- The Elements of Organic Gardening. (with Stephanie Donaldson) 2007, W&N. ISBN 978-0297844167
- Highgrove: A Garden Celebrated. (with Bunny Guinness) 2014, W&N. ISBN 978-0297869351
- Baily's Monthly Magazine of Sports and Pastimes. Baily Bros. 1872. pp. 311–.
- "Growing Up Royal". TIME. 25 April 1988. Retrieved 4 June 2009.[dead link]
- "Obiturary: Rosalind Hudson". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Stephen Lacey (29 March 2008). "Highgrove: the cedar house rules". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Neil Tweedie (25 April 2008). "Getting Dug in at Highgrove for the Prince of Wales". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Barbara Paul Robinson (2012). Rosemary Verey: The Life & Lessons of a Legendary Gardener. David R. Godine Publisher. pp. 123–. ISBN 978-1-56792-450-3.
- Evans, Martin (10 April 2010). "Prince Charles commissions classical concert to celebrate Highgrove gardens". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Prince Charles and his garden at Highgrove: in pics". London: The Daily Telegraph. 12 November 2013.
- Official Highgrove Gardens website
- Highgrove House Wildflower Meadow
- Official Highgrove Shop
- The Prince of Wales website
- BBC Website on Highgrove
- Highgrove House entry from The DiCamillo Companion to British & Irish Country Houses