Highland, California

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For the community in Lake County formerly with this name, see Highland Springs, Lake County, California.
City of Highland
City
Santa Ana River Bridge
Santa Ana River Bridge
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°7′6″N 117°12′9″W / 34.11833°N 117.20250°W / 34.11833; -117.20250Coordinates: 34°7′6″N 117°12′9″W / 34.11833°N 117.20250°W / 34.11833; -117.20250
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated November 24, 1987[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 18.890 sq mi (48.924 km2)
 • Land 18.755 sq mi (48.575 km2)
 • Water 0.135 sq mi (0.349 km2)  0.71%
Elevation 1,309 ft (399 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 53,014
 • Density 2,800/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92346
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-33588
GNIS feature ID 1652722
Website City of Highland

Highland is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population in 2010 (US Census) was 53,104, up from 44,605 at the 2000 census. The term Highland also refers to a geographical area of the city of San Bernardino (generally east of Del Rosa Avenue to the eastern city limits), and parts of unincorporated San Bernardino County.

Geography[edit]

Highland is located at 34°7′6″N 117°12′9″W / 34.11833°N 117.20250°W / 34.11833; -117.20250 (34.118459, -117.202370).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.9 square miles (48.9 km²). 18.8 square miles (48.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.71%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Highland had a population of 53,104. The population density was 2,811.3 people per square mile (1,085.4/km²). The racial makeup of Highland was 27,836 (52.4%) White (30.8% Non-Hispanic White),[5] 5,887 (11.1%) African American, 542 (1.0%) Native American, 3,954 (7.4%) Asian, 168 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 11,826 (22.3%) from other races, and 2,891 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25,556 persons (48.1%).

The Census reported that 52,932 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 76 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 96 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 15,471 households, out of which 7,922 (51.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,475 (54.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,884 (18.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,183 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,129 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 109 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,254 households (14.6%) were made up of individuals and 757 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.42. There were 12,542 families (81.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.74.

The population was spread out with 16,916 people (31.9%) under the age of 18, 5,900 people (11.1%) aged 18 to 24, 13,837 people (26.1%) aged 25 to 44, 12,357 people (23.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,094 people (7.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

There were 16,578 housing units at an average density of 877.6 per square mile (338.9/km²), of which 10,106 (65.3%) were owner-occupied, and 5,365 (34.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.7%. 33,361 people (62.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,571 people (36.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Highland had a median household income of $57,313, with 20.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[5]

2000[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 44,605 people, 13,478 households, and 10,782 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,273.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,263.5/km²). There were 14,858 housing units at an average density of 1,090.3 per square mile (420.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.3% White, 12.1% African American, 1.3% Native American, 6.1% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 18.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.6% of the population.

There were 13,478 households out of which 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.3 and the average family size was 3.6.

In the city the population was spread out with 35.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,230, and the median income for a family was $43,649. Males had a median income of $38,695 versus $27,308 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,039. About 17.5% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

The city is split east to west of Boulder Ave. with the higher income area to the east and lower income area to the west. Demographics such as income levels and housing density are also split evenly by the geographic divider of Boulder Ave. Much of West Highland mirrors its sister city San Bernardino as East Highland is relatively new and only developed within the past fifteen years.

Education[edit]

Highland is served by two public school districts: Redlands Unified and San Bernardino Unified School Districts (the boundaries are generally defined by City Creek; residents east of City Creek are in the Redlands Unified School District while those west of City Creek are served by San Bernardino City Unified School District).

Highland is home to a one of a kind library and environmental learning center. The Highland Sam J. Racadio Library and Environmental Learning Center is a gold rated L.E.E.D. (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design)building. It holds thousands of books, cd's, DVD's, and other items. It offers free computer access and wifi. It has a rooftop garden and is home to animals, amphibians, and reptiles from around the globe.

Highland residents who attend college locally have a few choices: the two-campus San Bernardino Community College District (which includes Crafton Hills College in Yucaipa and San Bernardino Valley College), Loma Linda University, the private University of Redlands, and the California State University's San Bernardino campus.

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

Highland was founded as a townsite in 1891 and incorporated as a California general law city in November 1987. It follows a City Manager, City Council form of government with the City Manager appointed by the City Council.

State and federal[edit]

In the state legislature Highland is located in the 31st Senate District, represented by Republican Robert Dutton, and in the 59th and 63rd Tim Donnelly Districts, represented by Republicans Anthony Adams[7] and Bill Emmerson respectively.

Federally, Highland is located in California's 8th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R+12 and is represented by Republican Paul Cook.[8]

Public safety[edit]

The San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department provides contracted police services to the city of Highland from their regional station located at 26985 Base Line Road. The new 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) police station was recently built and occupied in June, 2011.

The city has now chosen to contract with Cal Fire to operate its fire department (three stations).

Sister cities[edit]

Highland is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]