Highland County, Ohio

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Highland County, Ohio
Seal of Highland County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Highland County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1, 1805[1]
Named for hilly topography which divides the Little Miami and Scioto river watersheds
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Hillsboro
 • Total 557.79 sq mi (1,445 km2)
 • Land 553.08 sq mi (1,432 km2)
 • Water 4.71 sq mi (12 km2), 0.84%
 • (2010) 43,589
 • Density 78.8/sq mi (30/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.highland.oh.us

Highland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 43,589, which is an increase of 6.6% from 40,875 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Hillsboro.[3] The county is named for the topography which is hilly and divides the watersheds of the Little Miami and Scioto Rivers.[4]


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 557.79 square miles (1,444.7 km2), of which 553.08 square miles (1,432.5 km2) (or 99.16%) is land and 4.71 square miles (12.2 km2) (or 0.84%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 5,766
1820 12,308 113.5%
1830 16,345 32.8%
1840 22,269 36.2%
1850 25,781 15.8%
1860 27,773 7.7%
1870 29,133 4.9%
1880 30,281 3.9%
1890 29,048 −4.1%
1900 30,982 6.7%
1910 28,711 −7.3%
1920 27,610 −3.8%
1930 25,416 −7.9%
1940 27,099 6.6%
1950 28,188 4.0%
1960 29,716 5.4%
1970 28,996 −2.4%
1980 33,477 15.5%
1990 35,728 6.7%
2000 40,875 14.4%
2010 43,589 6.6%
Est. 2012 42,998 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 43,589 people living in Highland County. The population density is 78.8 people per square mile. The county is made up of 96.4% White, 1.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.5% from two or more races, and 0.8% Hispanic or Latino.

This county is also made up of 6.2% of people under the age of 5, 24.7% of people under the age of 18, and 16.5% of people over the age of 65. The median age is 39.2. The county is also 51% female.

There are 16,963 households in Highland County as of the 2010 census. The average household size is 2.58 persons, while the average family size is 3.04 persons. According to the 2010 census, 41.9% of the houses in Highland County had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.07% of the houses were married couples living together, 11.09% of the houses had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.91% of the houses were non-families. Individuals made up 24.33% of all households and 11.02% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

According to the census, 81.5% of people over the age of 25 is at least a high school graduate and 11.1% of people over the age o 25 have earned at least a bachelor's degree. The median household income is $39,641 and 17.6% of people live below the poverty line. The per capita income of Highland County is $19,557.



Map of Highland County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels




Unincorporated communities[edit]

School Districts[edit]

Highland County is home to 5 school districts. They are Greenfield Exempted Village Schools in Greenfield,[8] Hillsboro City Schools in Hillsboro,[9] Fairfield Local School District in Leesburg,[10] Bright Local School District in Mowrystown,[11] and Lychburg-Clay Local School District in Lynchburg.[12]


There are currently several recreational areas in Highland County. There is Rocky Fork State Park[13] which is located in Hillsboro. It provides opportunities to go camping, fishing, boating, swimming, hunting, putt-putt, and disc golf amongst other activities.

There is also Paint Creek State Park[14] located in Bainbridge. Paint Creek offers many of the same activities as Rocky Fork but also offers horse riding, mountain biking, and winter recreational activities.

Fort Hill State Memorial is a memorial built by the Hopewell people that sits in Hillsboro[15] an is believed to be around 2000 years old.

Fallsville Wildlife Area[16] is located just north of Hillsboro. It offers fishing, hunting, hiking, and wildlife watching.


Habitat for Humanity of Highland County [1] was established in 2000, and has since built three homes: one on Johnson St. in Hillsboro and two on 2nd St. in Greenfield. Highland County Habitat is a locally run affiliate of Habitat for Humanity International, a nonprofit, ecumenical Christian housing organization. Habitat for Humanity works in partnership with people in need to build and renovate decent, affordable housing. The houses then are sold to those in need at no profit and with no interest charged.

Highlands Sanctuary is a chain of nature preserves centered in Highland County and owned by an organization of the same name.


The Highland County District Library [2] is the public library system serving Highland County, Ohio. The main library is in Hillsboro, with three branches located in Greenfield, Leesburg, and Lynchburg. The library is a member of the SEO Consortium which allows patrons access to over 6.9 million items owned by member libraries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Highland County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Highland County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Highland County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Greenfield Exempted Village Schools". Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  9. ^ "Hillsboro City Schools". Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  10. ^ "Leesburg Fairfield School District". Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  11. ^ "Bight Local School District". Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  12. ^ "Lynchburg-Clay School District". Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  13. ^ "Rocky Fork State Park". 
  14. ^ "Paint Creek State Park". 
  15. ^ "Arc of Appalachia Preserve System". 
  16. ^ "Fallsville Wildlife Area". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°11′N 83°36′W / 39.18°N 83.60°W / 39.18; -83.60