Highland guan

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Highland guan
Penelopina nigra -Guatemala-4.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Cracidae
Genus: Penelopina
L. Reichenbach, 1861
Species: P. nigra
Binomial name
Penelopina nigra
(Fraser, 1850)

The highland guan (Penelopina nigra) is a species of bird in the family Cracidae. It is found in the highlands of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, southern Mexico, and Nicaragua.[2]

Male (blue-black) and female (brown)

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. Its population has declined much in recent times: Listed as a species of Least Concern in 1994, it was uplisted to Near Threatened in 2000 and, as it was determined to be less common than previously believed, to Vulnerable in the 2007 IUCN Red List.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Penelopina nigra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Brooks, Daniel M., Laura Cancino & Sergio L. Pereira (eds) (2006). Conserving Cracids: The most Threatened Family of Birds in the Americas (PDF). Houston Museum of Natural Science. ISBN 0-9668278-2-1. 
  3. ^ See BirdLife International (2004, 2007a,b).