Highland Park, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Highland Park, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Highland Park
Highland Park highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Highland Park highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Highland Park, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Highland Park, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°30′03″N 74°25′40″W / 40.500795°N 74.427911°W / 40.500795; -74.427911Coordinates: 40°30′03″N 74°25′40″W / 40.500795°N 74.427911°W / 40.500795; -74.427911[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Incorporated March 15, 1905
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Gayle Brill Mittler[3]
 • Administrator Kathleen Kovach[4]
 • Clerk Joan Hullings[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 1.819 sq mi (4.712 km2)
 • Land 1.809 sq mi (4.686 km2)
 • Water 0.010 sq mi (0.026 km2)  0.56%
Area rank 424th of 566 in state
21st of 25 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 13,982
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 14,361
 • Rank 176th of 566 in state
16th of 25 in county[12]
 • Density 7,728.1/sq mi (2,983.8/km2)
 • Density rank 50th of 566 in state
3rd of 25 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08904[13][14]
Area code(s) 732/848 / 908[15]
FIPS code 3402331470[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885252[1][18]
Website hpboro.com

Highland Park is a borough in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 13,982,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 17 (-0.1%) from the 13,999 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 720 (+5.4%) from the 13,279 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Highland Park was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 15, 1905, when it broke away from what was then known as Raritan Township (present-day Edison).[20]

Geography[edit]

Highland Park is located at 40°30′03″N 74°25′40″W / 40.500795°N 74.427911°W / 40.500795; -74.427911 (40.500795,-74.427911). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.819 square miles (4.712 km2), of which, 1.809 square miles (4.686 km2) of it is land and 0.010 square miles (0.026 km2) of it (0.56%) is water.[1][2]

The borough received its name for its "park like" setting, on the high land of the banks of the Raritan River, overlooking New Brunswick. Highland Park borders Edison, New Brunswick, and Piscataway.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,517
1920 4,866 220.8%
1930 8,691 78.6%
1940 9,002 3.6%
1950 9,721 8.0%
1960 11,049 13.7%
1970 14,385 30.2%
1980 13,396 −6.9%
1990 13,279 −0.9%
2000 13,999 5.4%
2010 13,982 −0.1%
Est. 2013 14,361 [11] 2.7%
Population sources: 1910-1920[21]
1910[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[8][9][10]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,982 people, 5,875 households, and 3,267 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,728.1 per square mile (2,983.8 /km2). There were 6,203 housing units at an average density of 3,428.5 per square mile (1,323.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 68.26% (9,544) White, 7.83% (1,095) Black or African American, 0.14% (20) Native American, 17.84% (2,495) Asian, 0.03% (4) Pacific Islander, 3.28% (458) from other races, and 2.62% (366) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.95% (1,252) of the population.[8]

There were 5,875 households, of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.10.[8]

In the borough, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,821 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,312) and the median family income was $103,316 (+/- $6,807). Males had a median income of $72,533 (+/- $8,231) versus $55,591 (+/- $3,873) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,300 (+/- $3,714). About 5.4% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[27]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 13,999 people, 5,899 households, and 3,409 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,614.1 people per square mile (2,937.5/km2). There were 6,071 housing units at an average density of 3,302.0 per square mile (1,273.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 72.06% White, 7.94% African American, 0.11% Native American, 13.63% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 2.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.18% of the population.[25][26]

Of residents reporting their ancestry, 9.8% were of Italian, 9.1% Irish, 8.1% German, 7.8% Russian, 7.5% Polish.[25] 66.2% spoke English, 7.2% Spanish, 6.4% Chinese, 2.2% Hebrew, 1.8% Russian, 1.2% Hungarian, 1.1% French and 1.1% Hindi as their language spoken at home.[28]

There were 5,899 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.06.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males age 18 and over.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $53,250, and the median income for a family was $71,267. Males had a median income of $47,248 versus $36,829 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,767. About 5.3% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Community[edit]

Highland Park has at times been a bedroom community for nearby Rutgers University and Johnson & Johnson in New Brunswick, with a resulting academic flair to the community. Nobel laureate Selman Waksman (Medicine, 1952) lived in the borough until he moved to Piscataway in 1954, and laureate Arno Penzias (Physics, 1978) lived in the borough until the 1990s.[29]

There is a new state-of-the-art environmental center on River Road, just a few hundred feet upstream from the Albany Street Bridge. The borough's Environmental Commission envisions this center as a stop along a riverbank walking trail that would link Johnson Park with Donaldson Park and beyond, to the Meadows environmental area on the Edison border.[30]

In 1978, Highland Park was one of the first municipalities in New Jersey to gain an Eruv. Through an arrangement with New Jersey Bell (now Verizon), a continuous wire was strung from pole to pole around portions of the borough. Eventually this expanded and includes portions of Edison, New Jersey and connects with New Brunswick, New Jersey. The wires are supposed to be inspected every Friday to ensure that the connections are complete. When intact, this Eruv, or symbolic wall, satisfies most Orthodox Jewish religious requirements allowing residents to treat the most of the borough and parts of Edison and New Brunswick as their home during the Sabbath.[31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Highland Park is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Highland Park, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[32]

The borough operates through Committees of the Council: Administration, Finance, Public Works, Public Safety, Community Affairs, Public Utilities, and Health, Welfare and Recreation. The various departments, boards and commissions report to the Council through these committees.

As of 2014, the Mayor of Highland Park, New Jersey is Democrat Gayle Brill Mittler, who replaced Gary Minkhoff after he resigned in June 2014. The Borough Council consists of Council President Padraic Millet (D, 2014), Jon Erickson (D, 2016), Elsie Foster-Dublin (D, 2014), Philip George (D, 2016; serving an unexpired term until November 2014), Gary Potts (D, 2015) and Susan Welkovits (D, 2015).[3][33][34][35][36]

Gayle Britt Miller was selected by the council in June 2014 to serve as mayor in place of Gary Minkoff, who had resigned that month to seek employment elsewhere.[37] Phil George was selected by the borough council in July 2014 to fill the vacant seat of Gayle Britt Miller, who vacated her seat after she was named as mayor the previous month.[38]

Past mayors include Meryl Frank (2000–10) and Robert Wood Johnson II (1920–21).[39][40]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Highland Park is located in the 6th Congressional District[41] and is part of New Jersey's 18th state legislative district.[9][42][43] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Highland Park had been in the 17th state legislative district.[44]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[48][49]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 18th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Peter J. Barnes III (D, Edison) and in the General Assembly by Patrick J. Diegnan (D, South Plainfield) and Nancy Pinkin (D, East Brunswick).[50][51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[54] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[55] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[56] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[57] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[58] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[59] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[60][61][62][63][64] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[65] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[66] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[61][67]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,506 registered voters in Highland Park, of which 5,082 (59.7%) were registered as Democrats, 634 (7.5%) were registered as Republicans and 2,776 (32.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 14 voters registered to other parties.[68]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 72.1% of the vote here (4,699 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 25.6% (1,667 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (96 votes), among the 6,518 ballots cast by the borough's 9,072 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.8%.[69] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 72.0% of the vote here (4,550 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 26.4% (1,669 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (70 votes), among the 6,319 ballots cast by the borough's 8,507 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.3.[70]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon S. Corzine received 65.7% of the vote here (2,842 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 26.0% (1,125 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.5% (280 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (39 votes), among the 4,329 ballots cast by the borough's 8,342 registered voters, yielding a 51.9% turnout.[71]

Education[edit]

The Highland Park Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,464 students and 119.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.22:1.[72] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[73]) are Irving Primary School[74] (PreK-1; 290 students), Bartle Elementary School[75] (grades 2-5; 436), Highland Park Middle School[76] (grades 6-8; 325) and Highland Park High School[77] (grades 9-12; 413).[78]

The Center School serves students with learning and emotional challenges in grades K-12. Founded in 1971 in bound Brook, the school moved in 1989 to a former public school building in Highland Park.[79] A fire in the school's building in February 2012 forced the school to relocate to Branchburg Township on an interim basis.[80]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 31.46 miles (50.63 km) of roadways, of which 27.85 miles (44.82 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.22 miles (3.57 km) by Middlesex County and 1.39 miles (2.24 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[81]

There are five main roads in Highland Park:

  • New Jersey Route 27 - Known as Raritan Avenue, it traverses for about 1½ miles through downtown and the outskirts of Highland Park. The section between Adelaide and Fifth Avenues runs virtually east to west and divides the town into the north and south sides.[82]
  • County Route 514 - Starts as a road named Woodbridge Avenue that splits off at Route 27 at South Sixth Avenue. It runs through the southeast region of the borough.[83]
  • Middlesex County Route 622 - River Road in Highland Park, stretches for over 1-mile (1.6 km) in the western region of the borough following the curving bank of the Raritan River.[84]
  • Middlesex County Route 676 - This is Duclos Lane and it forms a portion of Highland Park's eastern border with Edison. Road spends .49 of a mile in Highland Park.[85]
  • Middlesex County Route 692 - Cedar Lane in the northern section of the borough intersects with River Road.[86]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit local bus service is provided on the 810 and 814 routes.[87]

History[edit]

The native Lenape people hunted on the hilly land along the Raritan River, and their trails crisscrossed the area. In 1685, John Inian bought land on both shores of the Raritan River and built two new landings downstream from the Assunpink Trail's fording place, which was later developed as Raritan Landing. He established a ferry service and the main road then was redirected to lead straight to the ferry landing. This river crossing was run by generations of different owners and a ferry house tavern operated for many years in the 18th century.[88] A toll bridge replaced the ferry in 1795. The wood plank Albany Street Bridge was dismantled in 1848 and reconstructed in 1853. The present day stone arch road bridge was built in 1892. It became the Lincoln Highway Bridge in 1914 and was widened in 1925.[89]

One of the earliest European settlers was Henry Greenland, who owned 384 acres (1.55 km2) of land and operated an inn along the Mill Brook section of the Assunpink Trail during the late 17th century. Others early settlers included George Drake, Reverend John Drake, and Captain Francis Drake, kinsmen of the famous explorer. In the early 18th century, a few wealthy Europeans including the Van Horns and Merrills settled on large tracts of land establishing an isolated farmstead pattern of development that would continue for the next 150 years.[90]

The Reverend John Henry Livingston, newly chosen head of Queen's College (now Rutgers University), purchased a 150-acre (0.61 km2) plot of land in 1809, which would hereafter be known as the Livingston Manor. A gracious Greek Revival house built around 1843 by Robert and Louisa Livingston stands on this property, which remains Highland Park's most prominent historic house. The Livingston Homestead, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was owned by the Waldron family throughout most of the 20th century.[91]

In the early 19th century, both the Delaware & Raritan Canal and a railroad were constructed largely to serve[citation needed] the commercial center of New Brunswick across the river. In 1836, the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company built a rail line that terminated on the Highland Park side of the Raritan River and established a station named "East New Brunswick."[92] The Camden and Amboy Railroad built a wood, double-deck bridge which eliminated the station stop in 1838. It was destroyed by a suspicious fire in 1878.[88] An iron truss bridge was quickly built upon enlarged stone piers, which in turn was replaced in 1902 by the twelve-span stone arch bridge encased in concrete in the 1940s, currently standing.

Despite the canal and the railroad, Highland Park's land continued to be used for agriculture. Residential development slowly began 30 years later, with several stately houses constructed on Adelaide Avenue and more modest houses constructed on Cedar, First, and Second Avenues and Magnolia, Benner, and Johnson Streets. In the 1870s, the small hamlet became better known as "Highland Park", a name derived from the suburban housing development although the area adjacent to the railroad tracks continued to be called "East New Brunswick."[88] 1870 was also the year in which Highland Park was annexed to the newly formed town now called Edison, but at the time called Raritan Township.[20]

The Doughboy statue in downtown Highland Park

Highland Park's drive for independence from Raritan Township arose over the issue of public schooling. Highland Park had its own school district and on March 15, 1905, the Borough of Highland Park was formed.[20] Important factors were the desire for an independent school system and a related dispute over school taxes. The fire department, which had formed in 1899, also wanted more local control over their affairs. The 1905 New Jersey census counted 147 dwellings in the new borough. In 1918, Robert Wood Johnson II was appointed to the Highland Park Council and became mayor in 1920. His summer house and estate was located on River Road, just north of the railroad tracks.

Over the past 100 years, Highland Park's lands have been parceled into ever-smaller suburban residential plots. Planned developments included Watson Whittlesey's Livingston Manor development begun in 1906; the Viehmann Tract, also on the north side; Riverview Terrace on the south side; Raritan Park Terrace in the triangle between Raritan and Woodbridge Avenues; and East New Brunswick Heights in the Orchard Heights neighborhood. It has taken years of continuously constructing houses and apartment buildings to create the largely residential borough.

Highland Park's industrial development in the 19th and 20th centuries included such businesses as a brewery, Johnson & Johnson, The John Waldron Machine Company, Turner Tubes, Flako Products, and the Janeway & Carpender Wallpaper factory. The borough is the birthplace of the Band-Aid.[88] and Flako Products packaged mixes for baked goods. However, the industrial nature of the borough completely declined by the 1960s. The commercial zones along both Raritan and Woodbridge Avenues continue to thrive with "mom & pop" shops, many that have lasted for generations.[citation needed]

Throughout the 20th century, Highland Park's religious institutions, educational facilities, and municipal governance have kept pace with the growth of the town. The trends of local autonomy and control that shaped Highland Park in the past continue to this day.[citation needed]

In 2012, Highland Park became the first municipality in the state to contract a home performance company to help make residents consume less energy. The program is a one of a kind program that can offer up to a 30% energy savings for homeowners.[93][94]

Livingston Manor Historic District[edit]

Livingston Homestead
Waldron House
Livingston Homestead, Highland Park, NJ south view.jpg
Location 81 Harrison Avenue
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP Reference # 02000215[95]
NJRHP #

3950

[96]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 20, 2002
Designated NJRHP December 20, 2001
Livingston Manor Historic District
Location Parts of Cleveland, Grant, Harrison, Lawrence, Lincoln, Madison, and North Second Avenues and River Road
NRHP Reference # 04000672[95]
NJRHP #

4289

[96]
Added to NRHP July 7, 2004

Livingston Manor was a subdivision built upon the lands surrounding the Livingston Homestead. This subdivision was the brainchild of Watson Whittlesey (1863–1914), a real estate developer born in Rochester, New York. Whittlesey was more than a typical land speculator; he was a community builder, which was noted by his residency in various Livingston Manor houses from 1906 to 1914, and by his active involvement in the municipal affairs of Highland Park. Instead of auctioning lots like his 19th century predecessors, Whittlesey sold subdivided lots with either a house completely built by his company or with the promise of providing a company-constructed house similar to those previously constructed.[97]

The suburban development grew between 1906 and 1925, when Whittlesey's company, the Livingston Manor Corporation and its successor, the Highland Park Building Company, constructed single-family houses from plans produced by a select group of architects. While a variety of building types and styles are present on each block, the buildings in the district are distinguished by the use of specific building plans found nowhere else in Highland Park and by the embellishments that are typical of the Craftsman philosophy, which emphasized the value of the labor of skilled artisans who showed pride in their abilities.

In the first years of this development, the houses were constructed one entire block at a time beginning with the southeast side of Grant Avenue between Lawrence Avenue and North Second Avenue. The next block to be developed was the northwest side of Lincoln Avenue between Lawrence Avenue and North Second Avenue. Six stucco bungalows were then constructed on the southern side of Lawrence east of Lincoln Avenue. As the housing development grew in popularity, houses were constructed less systematically by block, and more often on lots that individual homeowners selected from the remaining available properties. Whittlesey used plans from architects George Edward Krug and Francis George Hasselman, as well as plans generated by several local architects including John Arthur Blish and William Boylan.[88] Several of Livingston Manor's Tudor Revival houses were designed by Highland Park's eminent architect Alexander Merchant. Merchant created numerous buildings in New Brunswick and Highland Park (see list below). Like other early-20th century architects, he was active during the period of early American modernism, but, having trained at the firm of Carrère and Hastings, Merchant developed and maintained a classical design vocabulary.

Many workers in the building trades, such as Harvey E. Dodge, the carpenter Frederick Nietscke and the contractor Harold Richard Segoine, have also been identified as Livingston Manor Corporation employees as well as Livingston Manor residents. Whittlesey, with his wife Anna, also lived in several Livingston Manor houses, including the Spanish Colonial style house at 35 Harrison Avenue designed specifically for them.

On December 1, 1906, the first deeds were transferred to two individual homeowners. Many prominent New Brunswick and Highland Park residents bought houses in this new neighborhood. They included Rutgers College professors, school teachers, bank employees, factory owners, and store owners. Census data show that most of the women were housewives and mothers. There were many extended families. Some families took in boarders and several households included live-in servants.[98] Sixty-two houses had been constructed in Livingston Manor by 1910.

In 1912, Watson Whittlesey hired a sales agent, John F. Green, and began selling bungalow lots. These properties were smaller and less expensive, and a set of plans for a bungalow was given to any purchaser. By 1913, 120 houses had been constructed in Livingston Manor.

Dubbed "Lord of the Manor", Whittlesey created a neighborhood spirit by giving receptions for the residents, by providing playgrounds for the children, and by encouraging the men to take a more active part in public affairs. After his death on April 8, 1914, Manor residents turned out in the hundreds to attend a memorial service at his house.[99]

The Highland Park Building Company was incorporated in 1914 by long-standing members of his company including builder Robert Lufburrow and engineer Harold Richard Segoine. In 1916, Mrs. Whittlesey, who was president of the Livingston Manor Corporation, turned over the privately owned streets, sidewalks, and curbs to the borough. Remarkably, there were no provisions for the borough to accept public ownership of the sewers. That required an act of legislation at the statehouse in Trenton, which was accomplished by Senator Florance and Assemblyman Edgar and signed by Governor Walter Evans Edge the following year. Anna Wilcox Whittlesey, "Lady of the Manor", died on August 16, 1918. She was remembered as "a woman of rare refinement and culture, and the soul of hospitality."[100]

Highland Park's identity as a streetcar suburb was transformed to that of an automobile suburb during the 1920s. Two hundred and ten dwellings had been constructed in Livingston Manor by 1922. The Livingston Manor Corporation continued to have transactions into the 1960s, but the area's significant development had taken place by 1925.

It has always been locally recognized that Livingston Manor is an important neighborhood in Highland Park. The Livingston Manor Historic District was listed in the New Jersey Register of Historic Places on April 1, 2004 and in the National Register of Historic Places on July 7, 2004.[88]

Buildings designed by Alexander Merchant[edit]

  • 55 South Adelaide Avenue (1909)
  • Lafayette School on South Second Avenue and Benner Street (original school-1907 and Second Avenue wing-1915. The third wing on Second Avenue was designed by Merchant's son Alexander Merchant, Jr. in 1952). The Lafayette School is now condominiums and no longer a school.
  • Reformed Church on South Second Avenue (original church-1897 and auditorium wing circa 1920)
  • Irving School on Central Avenue (original building-1914)
  • The Center School on North Third Avenue (formerly the Hamilton School in 1914)
  • The Pomeranz Building on Raritan Avenue and South Third Avenue (1920)
  • 82 Harrison Avenue (1913)
  • Two houses on Cliff Court (1914)
  • Several houses on South Adelaide Avenue near Cliff Court (1910–1914)
  • The Highland Park High School (original building-1926)
  • The Masonic Temple on Raritan Avenue at North Fourth Avenue (1923) It remains as a one-story commercial building after a fire in 1965 destroyed the upper levels of the auditorium and offices.
  • The Brody House at corner of Raritan and North Adelaide Avenues (built 1911—demolished 1997)
  • The former Police Station at 137 Raritan Avenue (now a deli).
  • Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple on Livingston Avenue in neighboring New Brunswick (1929)

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Highland Park include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Borough Council, Borough of Highland Park. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  4. ^ Administration, Borough of Highland Park. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  5. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of Highland Park. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 81.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Highland Park, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Highland Park borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Highland Park borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Highland Park, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 1, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NX for Highland park, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 170. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  22. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e f Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Highland Park borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Helmetta borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Highland Park borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  28. ^ QT-P16: Language Spoken at Home: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Highland Park borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  29. ^ Lurie, Maxine N.; Mappen, Marc. "Highland Park", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 363, Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3325-2. Accessed June 27, 2011. "In addition, the borough was home at various times to two Nobel Laureates, Selman Waksman and Arno Penzias."
  30. ^ Highland Park Environmental News 2007, accessed January 3, 2007.
  31. ^ Map, accessed July 19, 2014.
  32. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  33. ^ Borough Council Committee Organization 2013, Borough of Highland Park. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  34. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County Local Election Results", NJToday.net, November 7, 2012. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  35. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County Election Results", NJToday.net, November 9, 2011. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  36. ^ Staff. "Highland Park election results", Daily Record (Morristown), November 2, 2010. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  37. ^ Amaral, Brian. "Gayle Brill Mittler, Highland Park councilwoman, is appointed mayor", NJ.com, June 25, 2014. Accessed September 8, 2014. "Gayle Brill Mittler has been appointed mayor of Highland Park, the borough announced today.... The Borough Council selected her as mayor on Tuesday night after former mayor Gary Minkoff resigned earlier this month to pursue a different job."
  38. ^ Staff. "Phil George Named Councilman", Talk of Middlesex County, July 17, 2014. Accessed September 8, 2014. "Mayor Gayle Brill Mittler swore in Councilman Phil George Tuesday July 15th after he was selected by interview."
  39. ^ "Mayors of Highland Park, New Jersey". Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Robert Wood Johnson, Jr. 1920-22 Cornelius McCrelis 1922-24 Edwin W. Eden 1928-30 Alvah H. Cole 1948-51 Joseph C. DeCoster 1952-53 Meryl L. Frank 2007" 
  40. ^ Kolva, Jeanne & Pisciotta, Joanne (2005). Highland Park: Borough of Homes. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. 
  41. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  46. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  48. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  49. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  51. ^ District 18 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 30, 2014.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ Ronald G. Rios, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  55. ^ Carol Barrett Bellante, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  56. ^ Kenneth Armwood, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  57. ^ Charles Kenny, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  58. ^ H. James Polos, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  59. ^ Charles E. Tomaro, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  60. ^ Blanquita B. Valenti, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  61. ^ a b Elected County Officials, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  62. ^ 11/5/2013 General Election Unofficial Results, Middlesex County, November 12, 2013. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  63. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County election results 2012", NJ.com, November 6, 2012, updated November 13, 2012. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  64. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County election results 2011", The Star-Ledger, November 8, 2011. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  65. ^ County Clerk, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  66. ^ Sheriff, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  67. ^ Surrogate, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  68. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Middlesex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  69. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  70. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  71. ^ 2009 Governor: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  72. ^ District information for Highland Park School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  73. ^ School Data for the Highland Park Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  74. ^ Irving Primary School, Highland Park Public Schools. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  75. ^ Bartle Elementary School, Highland Park Public Schools. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  76. ^ Highland Park Middle School, Highland Park Public Schools. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  77. ^ Highland Park High School, Highland Park Public Schools. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  78. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Highland Park Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  79. ^ History, The Center School. Accessed July 4, 2012.
  80. ^ Cooper, Warren. "Displaced from Highland Park by a fire, the Center School settles in at Branchburg's Old York School", Somerset Messenger-Gazette, March 5, 2012. Accessed July 4, 2012. "The school “reopened” unexpectedly on Feb. 22 to accommodate 112 students and 52 staffers of a private, special-needs school in Highland Park that was shuttered a week earlier by a fire. Classes at The Center School on Madison Avenue had ended for the day when a fire broke out about 5:30 p.m. on Feb. 14, according to Executive Director and Principal Marcie Fiorentino."
  81. ^ Middlesex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  82. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 27 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  83. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 514 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  84. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 622 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  85. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 676 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  86. ^ New Jersey Department of Transportation. "Route 692 straight line diagram" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  87. ^ Middlesex County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 1, 2011.
  88. ^ a b c d e f Kolva, Jeanne; and Pisciotta, Joanne. Highland Park; Borough of Homes, pp. 18–19. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7385-2472-7. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  89. ^ Hatala, Greg. "Glimpse of History: A crossing spot that spans centuries", The Star-Ledger, February 12, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  90. ^ Ducca, Sr., William F. "Highland Park - Its Beginnings", Rutgers University. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  91. ^ Spies, Stacy. National Register nomination for Livingston Homestead (Washington, DC, National Park Service, 2001).
  92. ^ Kplva, Jeanne. "History of Highland Park", Borough of Highland Park. Accessed May 1, 2012.
  93. ^ "It's in Our Power". 
  94. ^ "Ciel Power". 
  95. ^ a b "New Jersey - Middlesex County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 
  96. ^ a b "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Middlesex County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. June 2, 2011. p. 11. Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  97. ^ "Livingston Manor Historic District". Highland Park Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  98. ^ US Census 1910, 1920, and New Jersey Census of 1915.
  99. ^ Daily Home News, April 10, 1914.
  100. ^ Daily Home News, August 17, 1918 Obituary.
  101. ^ a b c Granieri, Laurie. "Actor, journalists honored as alumni", Home News Tribune, May 6, 2005."On May 14, the borough high school will honor alumni Willie Garson, best known as Stanford Blatch on the former HBO series Sex and the City, CBS news correspondent Jim Axelrod and WNYC Public Radio news anchor and Morning Edition host Soterios Johnson."
  102. ^ Makin, Bob. "Levinson Axelrod celebrates 70 years of service", Home News Tribune, November 12, 2009. Accessed August 17, 2012. "His son is with CBS News as their Washington reporter. He's writing a book that is out soon about his relationship with his father. His name is Jim Axelrod. He's well known. They're Highland Park people. Jim went to Highland Park High School."
  103. ^ "Happy Birthday, Joyce Kilmer". Home News Tribune. December 7, 2006. "Harvey J. Brudner, of Highland Park president of the Joyce Kilmer Centennial Commission ..." 
  104. ^ Holtzman, Elias (November 29, 2007). "Its hard to imagine a world without trees.". Home News Tribune. "Master of ceremonies was Dr. Harvey J. Brudner of Highland Park, a retired scientist and physicist, who is an Alliance director and a long time aficionado of Kilmer." 
  105. ^ a b The Mayor's Viewpoint: Celebrating a century of progress, Highland Park Chamber of Commerce, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2001. Accessed April 9, 2011.
  106. ^ Groner, Jonathan. "This Is Not Your Father's World: An Interview with Samuel G. Freedman", Jewish Community Alliance of Southern Maine. Accessed April 16, 2008. "Freedman himself grew up in Highland Park, New Jersey in a family that was, in his words, 'totally secular.'"
  107. ^ Kochman, Marilyn. "IN PERSON; An Equation for Success", The New York Times, October 5, 2003. Accessed April 9, 2011. "Dr. Gelfand, who lives in Highland Park, has made an indelible impact in such areas as functional analysis, representation theory, geometry and integrable systems."
  108. ^ "Goldstein and Howard Receive MacArthur 'Genius' Fellowships", Columbia University Record, September 6, 1996. Accessed July 22, 2007. "Her works include The Mind-Body Problem (1983), The Late-Summer Passion of a Woman of Mind (1989), The Dark Sister (1991), Strange Attractors (1993) and Mazel (1995). She lives in Highland Park, N.J."
  109. ^ ALAN H. GUTH, Victor F. Weisskopf Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Accessed June 11, 2007. "Professor Alan Guth was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1947. He grew up and attended the public schools in Highland Park, NJ, but skipped his senior year of high school to begin studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology."
  110. ^ Gardner, Joel R. and Harrison, Andrew R. "The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The Early Years", The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2005, p. 2. Accessed July 22, 2007. "Johnson married Elizabeth Dixon Ross, of New Brunswick, in 1916, and their wedding was the social event of the year. They moved into Bellevue, an estate in Highland Park, and their son, Robert Wood Johnson III, was born in 1920. While living in Highland Park, Johnson became involved in local politics and served a term as mayor while he was still in his twenties."
  111. ^ Chronology, Roy Lichtenstein Foundation. Accessed August 17, 2012. "1960:... Moves residence and studio to 66 South Adelaide Avenue, Highland Park, New Jersey. Paints in the bedroom."
  112. ^ Ojito, Mirta. "Author didn't seek tie-in to Madonna", The Tampa Tribune, January 10, 1997. Accessed April 9, 2011. "Soon after, Martinez began work on the book, which he completed in his new home in Highland Park, NJ..."
  113. ^ Horner, Shirley. "ABOUT BOOKS", The New York Times, October 3, 1993. Accessed December 19, 2007. "Previous recipients of the award, which has come to be known as the Michael, include Mary Higgins Clark of Saddle River, Belva Plain of Short Hills, Wende and Harry Devlin of Mountainside, the Nobel laureate Dr. Arno Penzias of Highland Park and Gay Talese of Ocean City."
  114. ^ "Neil J. A. Sloane: Home Page". Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  115. ^ L.J. Smith profile, Philadelphia Eagles. Accessed June 9, 2007. "Growing up in the small town of Highland Park, NJ (2 square miles, population 14,500), Smith graduated from the local high school as part of a 115-person class.
  116. ^ Ronnen, Meir. "Joan Snyder at the Jewish Museum", The Jerusalem Post, September 23, 2005. "Born in Highland Park, New Jersey in 1940..."
  117. ^ http://www.macfound.org
  118. ^ Gray, Kristy. "Peek into the imagination of Cody sci-fi artist Darrel K. Sweet: Mind Traveler", Casper Star-Tribune, January 21, 2007. Accessed April 9, 2011. "Sweet was drawing at age 3 1/2 growing up in Highland Park, N.J. His mother still has some of these pictures, nearly seven decades old."
  119. ^ Staff. "Math drives this Rutgers professor", copy of article from The Star-Ledger, March 23, 2008. Accessed July 4, 2012. "ENDRE SZEMEREDI 67, Highland Park "
  120. ^ Greats go down - Alan Voorhees, Rand Brown, Tollroadsnews. December 24, 2005. Accessed July 22, 2007. "Born in Highland Park NJ, he was a distinguished Navy Seal in World War II, part of a team that regularly reconnoitered enemy occupied shores mapping beaches for good landing sites - for which he was awarded a Silver Star."
  121. ^ Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in/Highland Park; Well-Established, but Unpretentious", The New York Times, November 21, 1993. Accessed September 8, 2014. "Highland Park has been home to two Nobel laureates. The late Selman A. Waksman was awarded the prize in medicine and physiology in 1952 for his work with antibiotics and Dr. Arno A. Penzias, who shared the 1978 prize in physics for his work related to the big bang theory, still lives there."

External links[edit]