Highland Park Ford Plant
Highland Park Plant, Ford Motor Company
|Location||91 Manchester Avenue at Woodward
Highland Park, Michigan
|Architect||Albert Kahn; Edward Gray|
|NRHP Reference #||73000961|
|Added to NRHP||February 6, 1973|
|Designated NHL||June 2, 1978|
The Highland Park Ford Plant is a former factory located at 91 Manchester Avenue (at Woodward Avenue) in Highland Park, Michigan. The second production facility for the Model T automobile, it became a National Historic Landmark in 1978.
The Highland Park Ford Plant was a production plant for Ford Motor Company in the city of Highland Park, Michigan, which is surrounded by Detroit. The Highland Park Ford Plant was designed by Albert Kahn in 1908 and was opened in 1910. Ford automotive production had previously taken place at the facility known as the Piquette Plant.
The complex included offices, factories, a power plant and a foundry. Over 120 acres in size the Highland Park Plant was the largest manufacturing facility in the world at the time of its opening. Because of its spacious design, it set the precedent for many factories and production plants built thereafter. In 1913, the Highland Park Ford Plant became the first automobile production facility in the world to implement the assembly line. The new assembly line improved production time of the Model T from 728 to 93 minutes. The Highland Parks assembly line lowered the price of the Model T from $700 in 1910 to $350 in 1917 making it an affordable automobile for most Americans. Ford offered nearly three times the wages paid at other unskilled manufacturing plants. In the late 1920s Ford moved automobile assembly to the River Rouge Plant complex in nearby Dearborn. Automotive trim manufacturing and tractor assembly continued at the Highland Park plant.
As of 2011, it had been used by Ford Motor Company to store documents and for artifact storage for the Henry Ford Museum. A portion is also occupied by a Forman Mills clothing warehouse that opened in 2006.
In the media
The Woodward Avenue Action Association has a purchase agreement with the complex's owner, National Equity Corp., to pay $550,000 for two of eight buildings at the historic Ford manufacturing complex: a four-floor, 40,000-square-foot administration building and the 8,000-square-foot executive garage near it. The center would include a theater with continuous videos, informational kiosks, interpretive displays on automotive history and a gift/coffee/snack shop. It could also be a place where visitors could pick up historical automotive tours, such as the current tour offered by the Woodward group, "In the Steps of Henry."
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Highland Park Ford Plant". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
- "Ford Motor Company Highland Park Plant". National Scenic Byways Program summary listing. National Scenic Byways Program. Retrieved 2010-01-23.
- William Wright. "Highland Park Ford Plant". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Forman Mills discount clothing opens Highland Park warehouse store in former Model T factory.". Model D. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- Hinds, Julie (October 1, 2011). "Michigan locations in 'Real Steel'". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Ford's historic Michigan plant moves closer to reopening as tourist attraction". Autonews.com. 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- The Moving Assembly Line Debuted at the Highland Park Plant, Historic Sites, Heritage, Ford Motor Company official site.
- National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form, May 1977.
- Ford's Highland Park plant a manufacturing pioneer, MotorCities National Heritage Area, Detroit News article, May 21, 2009.
- National Historic Landmarks in Michigan, Michigan Historical Center, State Historic Preservation Office, Michigan State Housing Development Authority.
- Ford search results - Historic Sites Online, Michigan Historical Center, State Historic Preservation Office, Michigan State Housing Development Authority.