Highland Railway E Class
|Highland Railway Bruce or E class|
|Builder||Clyde Locomotive Company|
|UIC classification||2′B n2|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|3 ft 9 1⁄2 in (1.156 m)|
|Driver diameter||6 ft 3 in (1,905 mm)|
|Locomotive weight||43 long tons (44 t)|
|Water capacity||2,250 imp gal (10,200 l; 2,700 US gal)|
|Boiler||4 ft 2 in (1.27 m) diameter, 9 ft 9 1⁄2 in (2.98 m) between tubeplates|
|Boiler pressure||160 lbf/in2 (1.10 MPa)|
|1,140 square feet (106 m2)|
|Cylinder size||18 in × 24 in (457 mm × 610 mm)|
|Tractive effort||14,100 lbf (62.72 kN)|
London, Midland & Scottish
|Class||HR: Bruce; E (from 1901)|
|Power class||LMS: 1P|
The Highland Railway E Class was a class of 4-4-0 steam locomotive designed by David Jones for passenger service. They were also known as the 'Clyde Bogies' as they were built by the Clyde Locomotive Company in Glasgow, Scotland. They were the first locomotives built by that company.
Built in 1886, they were a development of Jones' previous F Class. Originally known as the Bruce class, they were assigned to Class E under Drummond's locomotive classification scheme of 1901.
The boiler pressure was 160 lbf/in2 (1,100 kPa), the cylinders were 18 by 24 inches (457 mm × 610 mm), and the driving wheel diameter was 6 feet 3 1⁄2 inches (1,918 mm).
|76||Bruce||December 1886||1923||Displayed at the International Exhibition of Industry, Science and Art, Edinburgh 1886. Renumbered 76A in 1917|
|77||Lovat||May 1886||1918||Withdrawn and reinstated in 1915. Renumbered 77A in 1917|
|78||Lochalsh||June 1886||1923||Renumbered 78A in 1917|
|79||Atholl||June 1886||1923||Renumbered 79A in 1917|
|80||Stafford||July 1886||1923||Renumbered 80A in 1919|
|81||Colville||July 1886||Renumbered 81A in 1919|
|82||Fife||September 1886||1930||Renamed Durn in 1908; name removed 1917. Renumbered 82A in 1917, and 14278 by LMS|
|83||Cadboll||October 1886||1923||Renamed Monkland in 1902. Renumbered 83A in 1917|
All were still in service at the end of 1922, but when the Highland Railway engines passed to the LMS on 1 September 1923, five had been withdrawn. Numbers 76A and 81A were withdrawn in 1924, but only 82A survived long enough to carry its LMS number (14278) – it was withdrawn in April 1930.
No 79A was withdrawn in 1923 and stored at Aviemore until called for breaking up; this occurred at Kilmarnock in 1925.
- Baxter, Bertram (1984). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. p. 193.
- Casserley, H.C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1974) . Locomotives at the Grouping 3: London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan. p. 137. ISBN 0-7110-0554-0.
- Cormack, J.R.H.; Stevenson, J.L. (1988). Greenwood, William, ed. Highland Railway Locomotives Book 1: Early Days to the 'Lochs'. Locomotives of the LMS. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-64-9.