Highland tinamou

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Highland tinamou
Nothocercus bonapartei 1902.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Nothocercus
Species: N. bonapartei
Binomial name
Nothocercus bonapartei
(Gray,GR, 1867)[2]
Sub-species

N. b. frantzii (Lawrence, 1868)[2]
N. b. bonapartei
(Gray,GR, 1867)[2]

N. b. discrepans
(Friedmann, 1947)[2]

N. b. intercedens
(Salvadori, 1895)[2]

N. b. plumbeiceps
(Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922)[2]

Synonyms

Tinamus bonapartei[3]

The highland tinamou or Bonaparte's tinamou (Nothocercus bonapartei) is a type of ground bird found in montane moist forest typically over 1,500 m (4,900 ft) altitude.

Taxonomy[edit]

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4]

It has five subspecies:

George Robert Gray identified the highland tinamou from a specimen from Aragua, Venezuela, in 1867.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The specific name bonapartei, a Latin genitive of the name Bonaparte, commemorates Charles Lucien Bonaparte.

Description[edit]

The highland tinamou averages 38.5 cm (15.2 in) long, and weighs 925 g (2.039 lb). Its plumage is mottled or barred with black and cinnamon on back and wings with a rufous throat.[4]

Behavior[edit]

The highland tinamou is a shy tinamou and usually solitary or in small groups of up to five. It likes to eat fruit from the ground or hanging from low plants, and will sometimes eat insects. Its call is a repetitive loud and hollow call by the male.[4]

During breeding season, the male will incubate the eggs which may be from more than one female and may consist of 4-12 eggs. After hatching the male will also take care of the chicks.[4]

Range[edit]

This tinamou is located in the Andes of Colombia, eastern Ecuador, northern Peru, western Venezuela, and the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama.[5]

Habitat[edit]

The highland tinamou frequents montane forest above 1,500 m (4,900 ft), liking damp areas, especially bamboo thickets,[4] and ravines.[3]

Conservation[edit]

This species is listed by the IUCN as Least Concern,[1] and even though it is hunted for food, its population seems to be stable.[6] It has an occurrence range of 140,000 km2 (54,000 sq mi).[7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Nothocercus bonapartei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b American Ornithologists' Union (1998)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Clements, J (2007)
  6. ^ BirdLife International (2009)
  7. ^ BirdLife International (2008)

References[edit]