Highland Wildlife Park
|Land area||105 hectares (260 acres)|
|Number of animals||300+|
|Number of species||~60|
|Major exhibits||Native Scottish wildlife|
The Highland Wildlife Park is a 105-hectare (260-acre) safari park and zoo near Kingussie, Highland, Scotland. The park is located within the Cairngorms National Park. The park is run by the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland and is a member of the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA) and the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA).
The Highland Wildlife Park was opened in 1972 and has been run by the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland (which also operates the Edinburgh Zoo) since 1986. The park is open every day of the year, weather permitting.
In 1980 the park was made famous by obtaining "Felicity the Puma", a puma that was reputedly captured nearby by a farmer. The puma lived out her days in the park and is now on show stuffed in the Inverness Museum. In the past the park has also been the home to several examples of the famous "Kellas cat".
The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, owner and administrator of the Highland Wildlife Park, altered the theme of the park in 2007 from native species of the Highlands, to species from tundra and mountainous habitats around the world. This move is an attempt to bring the park closer to the working practices of the RZSS's main site, Edinburgh Zoo as well as to increase visitor numbers which had been virtually static for some years.
Although the park was in need of serious investment for some years, many locals to the area as well as frequent visitors believe that this move would distance the park from its hitherto unique attraction as a place to see native species in their natural habitat, and will eventually turn the park into another safari park filled with ever more exotic animals in an attempt to attract more of the area's visitors.
In response to this view, the RZSS claims that the new animals in the park's collection are for the most part extremely endangered, and their presence at the park will help safeguard their future, as well as demonstrating the Highlands' place in the global ecosystem.
However, critics said that many of the animals which were lost in the first wave of alterations (badgers, red foxes, Soay sheep, Highland cattle, polecat) may not have been endangered in the Highlands, but were the kinds of animals that visitors associate with the Highlands and would be extremely lucky to have seen in person during their stay.
In 2008 Bactrian wapiti, Chinese grey goral, Mishmi takin, red panda, Himalayan tahr, Carpathian lynx, Afghan urial, European elk, and kiang all arrived, some coming from Edinburgh Zoo.
2008 also saw the arrival of a purpose built aviary for Himalayan snowcock. The park also had several Mishmi takin, kiang, markhor and urial births.
The new Amur tiger enclosure has opened at the park, costing £400,000. It is now home to a pair of tigers, Sasha and Yuri a proven breeding pair from Edinburgh zoo. On 11 May, three cubs were born and are now taking their first steps into the main enclosure under the watchful eye of mum Sasha. Births in 2009 also include first breedings at the park for European elk and Himalayan tahr.
A new exhibit for a pair of European wolves opened in 2011 as well as a new exhibit for Pallas cats. A bachelor herd of vicuna arrived from Edinburgh zoo. European cranes also arrived. The Pallas cats have bred, raising 3 kittens. There are new aviaries for snowy and great grey owls. Two female musk ox have arrived at the park from the Netherlands, they are a mother/daughter pair and are the first musk ox imported into the UK in over 20 years.
Five female white lipped deer have arrived at the park from Edinburgh zoo, these are the only females of their species in the UK. A new enclosure for European forest reindeer has been built next to the European wolves. A new male polar bear and male Amur tiger arrived at the park. 5 European wolves a Japanese serow and 2 northern lynx were born in 2012 a male musk ox arrived from Sweden, 2 red pandas also joined the collection. A new Chinese grey goral enclosure has been constructed, their former enclosure is being developed for wolverine. Wolverine have arrived and recent births (June 2013) include the park's first great grey owl, white-lipped deer, red panda and musk oxen along with Turkmenian markhor, European lynx, Amur tiger, Bactrian wapiti and Mishmi takin. In 2014 a female European bison has been returned for reintroduction to Romania, amongst the births at the park were 6 Pallas cat kittens, 2 female mishmi takin and a first hatching of satyr tragopan for the park. The summer of 2014 saw the start of construction of a new enclosure for a sourced female polar bear bear that will be arriving at the park in spring 2015. It was confirmed in October 2014 that snow leopard and Amur leopard will arrive at the park in 2015 The last bharal and Japanese serow left the collection in 2014.
Visitors experience Scottish wildlife past and present in the setting of the Scottish Highlands. On show are a variety of animals found in present day Scotland, animals that were once present, hundreds, even thousands of years ago, and mountainous regions all over the globe. Visitors drive around the Main Reserve in their cars and then move on to a walk-round area.
Main Reserve (Safari Park)
- White lipped deer
- Scottish wildcat
- Eagle owl
- Pine marten
- Red squirrel
- Northern lynx
- Common crane
- European wolf
- Satyr tragopan
- Polar bear
- Chinese grey goral
- Turkmenian markhor
- Pallas's cat
- Red panda
- Snowy owl
- Great grey owl
- Arctic fox
- Japanese macaque
- Amur tiger
- Musk Ox
- European beaver
- Vivarium (which contains common lizard, slow worm and palmate newt)
- "Highland Wildlife Park". goodzoos.com. GoodZoos. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "BIAZA Zoos and Aquariums". biaza.org.uk. BIAZA. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". eaza.net. EAZA. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "About Us". highlandwildlifepark.org. Highland Wildlife Park. Retrieved 19 June 2011.[dead link]
- "Felicity the puma". scotcats.online.fr. The Scottish Big Cat Trust. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "Amur tiger Sasha put down at Highland Wildlife Park". BBC News. 14 March 2012.
Media related to Highland Wildlife Park at Wikimedia Commons